born с 1460died June 21, 1529, London, Eng.English poet.Appointed court poet to Henry VII in 1489, Skelton became a tutor and eventually an adviser to Henry VIII. In 1498 he took holy orders. He wrote political and religious satires in an individual poetic style of short rhyming lines, called Skeltonics. Among his poems are Bowge of Courte, satirizing life at court; Phyllyp Sparowe, lampooning the liturgical office for the dead; and Ware the Hawke, attacking an irreverent priest. In 1516 he wrote the first secular morality play in English, Magnyfycence. The satires Speke, Parrot (written 1521), Collyn Clout (1522), and Why Come Ye Nat to Courte? (1522) were directed against Cardinal Wolsey and humanist learning.
* * *▪ English poetborn c. 1460died June 21, 1529, LondonTudor poet and satirist of both political and religious subjects whose reputation as an English poet of major importance was restored only in the 20th century and whose individual poetic style of short rhyming lines, based on natural speech rhythms, has been given the name of Skeltonics.His place of birth and childhood is unknown. He was educated at the University of Cambridge and later achieved the status of “poet laureate” (a degree in rhetoric) at Oxford, Leuven (Louvain) in the Netherlands (now in Belgium), and Cambridge. This success and also his skill at translating ancient Greek and Roman authors led to his appointment in 1488 first as court poet to Henry VII and later, in addition, as “scolemaster” to the Duke of York (later Henry VIII). In 1498 Skelton took holy orders and in 1502, when Henry became heir to the throne and the royal household was reorganized, he became rector of Diss, in Norfolk, a position he held until his death, though from 1512 he lived in London. In about 1512 Henry VIII granted him the title of orator regius, and in this capacity Skelton became a forthright adviser to the King, in court poems, on public issues, and on church affairs.Little of Skelton's early work is known, but his reputation was such that Desiderius Erasmus, greatest figure in the northern Renaissance, visiting England in 1499, referred to him as “the incomparable light and glory of English letters.” His most notable poem from his time at court is Bowge of courte, a satire of the disheartening experience of life at court; it was not until his years at Diss that he attempted his now characteristic Skeltonics. The two major poems from this period are Phyllyp Sparowe, ostensibly a lament for the death of a young lady's pet but also a lampoon of the liturgical office for the dead; and Ware the Hawke, an angry attack on an irreverent hunting priest who had flown his hawk into Skelton's church. Skelton produced a group of court poems, mostly satirical: A ballad of the Scottysshe Kynge, a savage attack on the King's enemies, was written in 1513 after the Battle of Flodden; and in the next year he entertained the court with a series of “flyting” poems of mock abuse. In 1516 he wrote the first secular morality play in English, Magnyfycence, a political satire, followed by The Tunnyng of Elynour Rummynge, a portrayal of a drunken woman in an alehouse, which, though popular, contributed largely to Skelton's later reputation as a “beastly” poet. His three major political and clerical satires, Speke Parrot (written 1521), Collyn Clout (1522), and Why come ye nat to courte (1522), were all directed against the mounting power of Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, both in church and in state, and the dangers—as Skelton saw them—of the new learning of the Humanists. Wolsey proved too strong an opponent to attack further, and Skelton turned to lyrical and allegorical themes in his last poems, dedicating them all to the Cardinal himself. Skelton's reputation declined rapidly in a 16th-century England predominantly Protestant in religion and Italianate in poetic style. A new appreciation of his qualities, however, emerged in the 20th century.Additional ReadingCritical studies include Stanley Fish, John Skelton's Poetry (1965); Maurice Pollet, John Skelton, Poet of Tudor England (1971; originally published in French, 1962); and Arthur F. Kinney, John Skelton, Priest as Poet (1987). Older and still useful is William Nelson, John Skelton, Laureate (1939, reissued 1964).
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SKELTON, John — (c. 1460 1529) Primarily known as a poet and satirist of unusual technique, the flamboyant John Skelton was also a scholar and clergyman during the reigns of Henry VII and Henry VIII.* Born around 1460 in Yorkshire, Skelton was laureated by… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Skelton, John — (?1460 1529) Tudor poet whose poetic style of short rhyming lines, based on natural speech rhythms, has been given the name of Skeltonics. Possibly from Diss, Norfolk, he studied at the universities of Oxford and Cambridge and was academic… … British and Irish poets
Skelton,John — Skel·ton (skĕlʹtən), John. 1460? 1529. English poet and scholar noted for his satires, including Speke Parrot (1521). * * * … Universalium
Skelton, John — ► (1460? 1529) Poeta y clérigo inglés. Autor de La boca cortesana … Enciclopedia Universal
SKELTON, JOHN — early English satirist, his chief poetic works being Why come ye not to Courte, a satire against Wolsey; the Book of Colin Clout, against the corruption of the Church; and the Book of Phyllyp Sparrow, the grief of a nun for the death of her… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Skelton, John — (1460? 1529) Poet, b. in Norfolk, and ed. at Oxf. and Camb., of both of which he was cr. Poet Laureate, and perhaps held the same office under the King. He was appointed tutor to Henry VIII., and notwithstanding his sharp tongue, enjoyed some… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
SKELTON (J.) — SKELTON JOHN (1460 env. 1529) Poète anglais, longtemps négligé, John Skelton refait surface grâce à l’admiration que lui ont vouée quelques poètes modernes, dont W. H. Auden, qui lui a consacré un essai en 1935 (The Great Tudors ), et Robert… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Skelton — Skelton, John * * * (as used in expressions) Skelton, John Skelton, Red Richard Bernard Skelton … Enciclopedia Universal
John Bon and Mast Parson — was printed in 1547 or 1548 by John Day and William Seres as the work of Luke/Lucas Shepeherd , possibly a pseudonym. (John Bale uses Lucas Opilio and Lucas Shepeherd. ) Shepherd was probably a poet and physician from Colchester, a friend of… … Wikipedia
Skelton — /skel tn/, n. 1. John, c1460 1529, English poet. 2. Richard Bernard ( Red ), 1913 97, U.S. actor and comedian. * * * (as used in expressions) Skelton John Skelton Red Richard Bernard Skelton * * * … Universalium