born Dec. 4, 1903, New York, N.Y., U.S.died Feb. 8, 1991, Providence, R.I.U.S. photographer, teacher, and editor.He began to photograph in 1932 while teaching English in a public school. While documenting the Great Depression, he attended as closely to pure design as to his subjects. In the 1940s he began to photograph patterns and textures of subjects such as coiled ropes, footprints in sand, and weathered pavement and billboards. Though not immediately accepted by photographers, his abstract work was admired by painters Willem de Kooning and Franz Kline, with whom he later exhibited. He was most influential as a professor of photography and as coeditor of the magazine Choice.
* * *▪ American photographerborn December 4, 1903, New York, New York, U.S.died February 8, 1991, Providence, Rhode Islandinfluential American teacher, editor, and photographer who is best known for his innovations in abstract photography (photography, history of).Siskind began to photograph in 1932, while he was an English teacher in the New York City public-school system. As a member of the Photo League, he participated in projects designed to document neighbourhood life during the Depression. Unlike other documentary series of the period, Siskind's Dead End: The Bowery and Harlem Document show as much concern for pure design as for the plight of his subjects. After the late 1930s, Siskind no longer photographed people, concentrating instead on architectural photography, as in his series Old Houses of Bucks County, and on natural phenomena and still life.The abstract (abstract art) work for which Siskind became best known developed from his attempt to express his own states of mind in photography, rather than simply to record subject matter. In the early 1940s he began photographing patterns and textures of such mundane subjects such as coiled ropes, footprints in sand, and seaweed. Much like the members of Group f.64, Siskind achieved surprising, dramatic results by shooting his subjects at close range. Within a few years he became preoccupied with the abstract qualities of two-dimensional surfaces such as pavement, billboards, and walls, especially those transformed by weathering and decay. This theme was perhaps most poignantly realized in his 1967 series of photographs of the ruins of the Arch of Constantine and the Appia Antica in Rome. Siskind's early abstract work was not immediately accepted by other photographers, but it was widely admired by painters such as Willem de Kooning (de Kooning, Willem) and Franz Kline (Kline, Franz), who were associated with Abstract Expressionism. Siskind, in fact, exhibited his abstract photographs with these artists' paintings.Much of Siskind's influence on photography resulted from his activities as a founding member of the Society for Photographic Education and as coeditor of Choice, a literary and photography magazine. His greatest influence, however, was as professor of photography at the Institute of Design of the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago, a post he held from 1951 to 1971, when he became a professor of photography at the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence, Rhode Island. His publications include Aaron Siskind, Photographer (1965), a 30-year anthology of his photographs; Bucks County: Photographs of Early Architecture (1974); and another anthology entitled Places, 1966–1975 (1976).Additional ReadingCarl Chiarenza, Aaron Siskind: Pleasures and Terrors (1982); Boston College Museum of Art, Aaron Siskind: Toward a Personal Vision, 1935–1955 (1994).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
SISKIND, AARON — (1903–1991), U.S. photographer and teacher. Born in New York City, he attended City College of New York, where he graduated with a degree in literature in 1926. Siskind then taught English in New York public schools, only taking up photography as … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Siskind, Aaron — (4 dic. 1903, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–8 feb. 1991, Providence, R.I.). Fotógrafo, profesor y editor estadounidense. Comenzó a fotografiar en 1932 mientras enseñaba inglés en una escuela pública. En su trabajo de documentar la gran depresión,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Aaron Siskind — (4 de diciembre de 1903 en Nueva York; 8 de febrero de 1991 en Providence, Rhode Island) fue un fotógrafo norteamericano, desarrolló una fotografía abstracto expresionista, por lo que es una figura clave en el arte moderno de Estados Unidos… … Wikipedia Español
Aarón — Aarón(אַהֲרֹן;) fue el hermano de Moisés y se le considera como el fundador tradicional del sacerdocio judío, junto a Moisés condujo a Israelitas fuera de Egipto. Pertenecía a la tribu de leví. Aarón murió según relata la biblia en el monte Hor… … Enciclopedia Universal
Aaron — /air euhn, ar /, n. 1. the older brother of Moses, usually regarded as the first high priest of the Hebrews. Ex. 28; 40:13 16. 2. Henry Louis (Hank), born 1934, U.S. baseball player. 3. a male given name. * * * I flourished 14th century BC… … Universalium
Aaron Siskind — (* 4. Dezember 1903 in New York; † 8. Februar 1991 in Providence, Rhode Island) war ein US amerikanischer Fotograf. Er entwickelte eine abstrakt expressionistische Fotografie, die ihn zu einer Schlüsselfigur in der modernen amerikanischen Kunst… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Aaron Siskind — (1903 1991) was an American abstract expressionist photographer. In his biography he wrote that he began his foray into photography when he received a camera for a wedding gift and began taking pictures on his honeymoon. He quickly realized the… … Wikipedia
Siskind — ist der Familienname von: Aaron Siskind (1903–1991), US amerikanischer Fotograf Jacob Siskind (* 1928), kanadischer Musikkritiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichnete … Deutsch Wikipedia
Siskind — Sịskind, Aaron, amerikanischer Fotograf, * New York 4. 12. 1903, ✝ Paw Tucket (R. I.) 8. 2. 1991; arbeitete in den 1930er Jahren an sozialkritischen Fotodokumentationen u. a. über die Slums von Harlem. Ab 1945 entwickelte er mit seinen… … Universal-Lexikon
Meatyard — Ralph Eugene Meatyard (* 15. Mai 1925 in Normal, Illinois; † 7. Mai 1972 in Lexington, Kentucky) war ein amerikanischer Fotograf. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Veröffentlichungen 3 … Deutsch Wikipedia