Sigismund I

Polish Zygmunt Stary ("Sigismund the Old")

born Jan. 1, 1467
died April 1, 1548, Kraków, Pol.

King of Poland (1506–48).

Son of Casimir IV, he became grand prince of Lithuania and king of Poland in 1506. After his army subdued the Teutonic Order in East Prussia, he established Polish suzerainty over the area, known as Ducal Prussia (1525). He added the duchy of Mazovia (now the province of Warsaw) to the Polish state in 1529. He established judicial and administrative reforms and encouraged a reform of the currency. A lover of the fine arts, he brought Italian artists to Poland and promoted the development of the Renaissance.

* * *

▪ king of Poland
byname  Sigismund the Old , Polish  Zygmunt Stary 
born Jan. 1, 1467
died April 1, 1548, Kraków, Pol.
 king who established Polish suzerainty over Ducal Prussia (East Prussia) and incorporated the duchy of Mazovia into the Polish state.

      Sigismund I, the fifth son of Casimir IV and Elizabeth of Habsburg, had ruled Głogów, Silesia, since 1499 and became margrave of Lusatia and governor of all Silesia in 1504. In a short time his judicial and administrative reforms transformed those territories into model states. He succeeded his brother Alexander I as grand prince of Lithuania and king of Poland in 1506. Although he established fiscal and monetary reforms, he often clashed with the Polish Diet over extensions of royal power. At the Diet's demand he married Barbara, daughter of Prince Stephen Zápolya of Hungary, in 1512, to secure a defense treaty and produce an heir. She died, however, three years later, leaving only daughters. In 1518 Sigismund married the niece of the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian, Bona Sforza of Milan, by whom he had one son, Sigismund II Augustus, and four daughters. One of them later married John III of Sweden, from whom the Vasa kings of Sweden were descended.

      In 1521 Sigismund's army, led by one of the principal advisers and commanders, Jan Tarnowski, subdued the Order of the Teutonic Knights (Teutonic Order), a paramilitary religious order that ruled East Prussia. In 1525 the Teutonic grand master Albert became a Lutheran and agreed to do public homage to Sigismund in return for being granted the title of secular duke of Prussia; Albert then dissolved the order, and Ducal Prussia came under Polish suzerainty. Sigismund added the duchy of Mazovia (now the province of Warsaw) to the Polish state after the death, in 1529, of the last of its Piast dynasty rulers. Again under the command of Tarnowski, Sigismund's army defeated the invading forces of Moldavia at Obertyn in 1531 and Muscovy in 1535, thereby safeguarding Poland's eastern borders.

      Sigismund, influenced by his wife, brought Italian artists to Kraków and promoted the development of the Polish variety of the Italian Renaissance. Although a devout Catholic, he accorded religious toleration to Greek Orthodox Christians and royal protection to Jews. At first he vigorously opposed Lutheranism but later resigned himself to its growing power in Poland.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sigismund I. — Sigismund ist neben Sigmund eine Nebenform des männlichen Vornamens Siegmund Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Liste der Herrscher namens Sigismund 1.1 Sigismund I. 1.2 Sigismund II. 1.3 Sigismund III. 1.4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sigismund II. — Sigismund ist neben Sigmund eine Nebenform des männlichen Vornamens Siegmund Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Liste der Herrscher namens Sigismund 1.1 Sigismund I. 1.2 Sigismund II. 1.3 Sigismund III. 1.4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sigismund — ist neben Sigmund eine Nebenform des männlichen Vornamens Siegmund Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Liste der Herrscher namens Sigismund 1.1 Sigismund I. 1.2 Sigismund II. 1.3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sigismund — (variants: Sigmund, [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siegmund Siegmund] ) is a German proper name, meaning protection through victory , from Old High German sigu victory + munt hand, protection . Tacitus Latinises it Segimundus . It looks like there …   Wikipedia

  • Sigismund — • King of Germany and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, b. 15 February, 1361, at Nuremberg; d. at Znaim, Bohemia, 9 December, 1437 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sigismund     Sigismund …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sigismund — Sigismund,   Herrscher:    Heiliges Röm. Reich:    1) Sigismund, Römischer Kaiser, Siegmund.    Österreich:    2) Sigismund, Herzog von Österreich, Sigmund.    Polen:    3) Sigismund I., der Alte oder …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sigismund I — may refer to: *Sigismund I the Old (1467 1548), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania *Sigismund of Burgundy (died 524), King of the Burgundians *Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor (1368 1437) *Sigismund, Archduke of Austria (1427 1496)… …   Wikipedia

  • Sigismund — m German: variant of SIGMUND (SEE Sigmund), with the first element representing an extended form of the Germanic element sige victory. St Sigismund (d. 523) was a king of the Burgundians, murdered by political enemies but honoured as a martyr… …   First names dictionary

  • Sigismund — Sìgismund DEFINICIJA 1. v. 2. (hrv. Žigmund) ime trojice poljskih kraljeva (16. i 17. st.) i jednoga cara i kralja Svetog rimskog carstva njemačke narodnosti 3. Luksemburgovac (1368 1437), hrv. ugarski kralj (od 1387), češki kralj (od 1419) i car …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sigismund — Sigismund, s. Sigmund …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Sigismund — Sigismund, s. Siegmund …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.