U.S. theatrical managers and producers.After emigrating from Russia with their parents in 1882, the two oldest brothers, Lee (1872–1953) and Sam (с 1875–1905), leased theatres and presented plays in Syracuse, N.Y., in the 1890s. By 1900 Jacob (1880–1963) had joined the business, and the brothers leased their first theatres in New York City. Coming into conflict with the Theatrical Syndicate, which controlled U.S. theatrical bookings, they led an independent movement to fight the syndicate and prevailed after a long legal battle. After Sam's death, Lee and Jacob built theatres across the U.S. and came to own more than 60 legitimate houses and many vaudeville and movie theatres. They produced more than 1,000 different shows, including 600 plays, revues, and musicals. Theatrical unions such as Actors' Equity were formed in response to their often sharp business practices. Charged with monopoly practices in 1950, they sold a number of theatres in 1956 but retained prestigious houses in many cities.
* * *▪ American theatrical managersdominant managers and producers in American legitimate theatre during the first half of the 20th century.Although all three brothers later claimed to be native-born, they entered the United States in 1882 as immigrants from Russia with their parents, David and Catherine Szemanski. The oldest of the brothers was Lee (originally Levi) Shubert (b. March 15, 1875, Russia—d. Dec. 25, 1953, New York, N.Y., U.S.). Sam S. Shubert (b. 1879, Russia—d. May 12, 1905, Harrisburg, Pa., U.S.) was the middle brother, and Jacob J. (or Jake) Shubert (b. Aug. 15, 1880, Russia—d. Dec. 26, 1963, New York, N.Y., U.S.) was the youngest.Lee and Sam went from being newsboys and errand boys to working in theatres in Syracuse, N.Y., during the 1890s and then began leasing theatres and presenting plays there and in nearby Rochester, N.Y. By 1900 Jacob had joined his brothers in the business, and they leased their first theatres in New York City. In so doing, they soon found themselves in conflict with the Syndicate, a group headed by Abraham Erlanger, which controlled much of the theatrical booking in the United States. The Shuberts became head of an independent movement, and a long period of protracted legal warfare ensued.The Shuberts had several wealthy backers and were able to lease theatres in every major city in the country, and at one point they had operations in London as well. After Sam's death in 1905, Lee and Jacob began to build theatres across the United States and came to own more than 60 legitimate houses in addition to their extensive holdings in New York City. They also owned and operated many vaudeville and motion-picture theatres and produced more than 1,000 different shows—encompassing more than 600 plays, revues, and musicals—during their careers. Actor's Equity and several other theatrical craft guilds came into being as a direct response to the business practices of the Shuberts and other theatrical managers of that era, and the infant theatrical unions derived a common sense of purpose from opposing the Shuberts. In 1950 the U.S. government charged the Shuberts with monopolizing the American theatrical industry, and in 1956 the Shubert company divested a number of theatres but retained prestigious houses in many cities. The Shubert Organization, a property holding and producing company based in New York City, was created in 1973.Additional ReadingFoster Hirsch, The Boys from Syracuse: The Shuberts' Theatrical Empire (1998); Brooks McNamara, The Shuberts of Broadway: A History Drawn from the Collections of the Shubert Archive (1990).
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Shubert Brothers — The Shubert Organization ist die älteste noch bestehende US amerikanische Theater Produktionsfirma. Sie wurde seit 1900 von der Familie Shubert (Shubert Bros.) geführt. Ihr gehören noch immer die meisten Theatergebäude am New Yorker Broadway… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shubert Brothers — (early 20th century) US theatre family. Sons of a Syracuse pedlar, the three Shubert brothers, Sam (1875–1905), Lee (1876–1953) and Jacob (1877–1963), built up a theatre empire that at one time dominated Broadway and included half the theatres … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Shubert brothers — (SAM S. (1876 1905), LEE (1873? 1953), J. J. (1878? 1963) Levi, Samuel, and Jacob Szemanski were all born in Shervient, Lithuania, and all immigrated to the United States in 1882 when their family settled in Syracuse, New York. Americanizing… … The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater
Shubert Organization — The Shubert Organization ist die älteste noch bestehende US amerikanische Theater Produktionsfirma. Sie wurde seit 1900 von der Familie Shubert (Shubert Bros.) geführt. Ihr gehören noch immer die meisten Theatergebäude am New Yorker Broadway… … Deutsch Wikipedia
brothers — (as used in expressions) Dalton brothers the Brothers Grimm Harper brothers Le Nain brothers Limbourg brothers Limburg brothers Marx Brothers Nicholas Brothers Ringling Brothers Shubert Brothers … Universalium
SHUBERT — SHUBERT, family of U.S. theater proprietors and producers. SAM (1875–1905), LEE (1876–1953), and JACOB J. (1877–1963) became Broadway s most powerful theatrical dynasty. They were born in Syracuse, New York, sons of a peddler. Their rise to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Shubert family — The Shubert family of New York City, New York was responsible for the establishment of the Broadway district, in New York City, as the hub of the theater industry in the United States. The family s American history began, in 1882, with Duvvid… … Wikipedia
Shubert Theatre (Broadway) — United States.Designed by architect Henry B. Herts, it was named after Sam S. Shubert, the second oldest of the three brothers of the theatrical producing family. It shares a Venetian Renaissance facade with the adjoining Booth Theatre, which was … Wikipedia
Shubert — /shooh beuhrt/, n. Lee (Levi Shubert), 1875 1953, and his brothers Sam S., 1876 1905, and Jacob J., 1880 1963, U.S. theatrical managers. * * * … Universalium
Shubert — /shooh beuhrt/, n. Lee (Levi Shubert), 1875 1953, and his brothers Sam S., 1876 1905, and Jacob J., 1880 1963, U.S. theatrical managers … Useful english dictionary