Sholem Aleichem

orig. Sholem Yakov Rabinowitz

born Feb. 18, 1859, Pereyaslav, Russia
died May 13, 1916, New York, N.Y., U.S.

Russian writer.

Drawn to writing as a youth, he became a private tutor at age 17 and later served as a government rabbi. Beginning in 1883 he published more than 40 widely translated volumes of novels, stories, and plays in Yiddish. English translations from his 14-volume collected works include Jewish Children and The Old Country. His best-known character, Tevye the dairyman, was the subject of a volume of short stories that later was the basis for the musical Fiddler on the Roof (1964).

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▪ Yiddish author
pseudonym of  Sholem Rabinowitz , Sholem also spelled  Shalom  or  Sholom 
born Feb. 18, 1859, Pereyaslav, Russia [now Pereyaslav-Khmelnytskyy, Ukr.]
died May 13, 1916, New York, N.Y., U.S.

      popular Yiddish classical author.

      Drawn to writing as a youth, he became a private tutor of Russian at the age of 17 and later served as a government rabbi in Lubin. His first writing had been in Russian and Hebrew, but between 1883, when his first story in Yiddish appeared, and his death, he published over 40 volumes of novels, stories, and plays in Yiddish. A wealthy man through marriage, he used part of his fortune to encourage Yiddish writers and edit the annual Di Yidishe Folksbibliotek (1888–89) and lost the rest of it in business. His works were widely translated, and he became known in the United States as the “Jewish Mark Twain.” He began a period of wandering in 1906, established his family in Switzerland, and lectured in Europe and the United States. English translations from his Verk (14 vol., 1908–14) include Jewish Children, translated by Hannah Berman, 3rd ed. (1937); The Old Country, translated by Julius and Frances Butwin, 3rd ed. (1954); and Adventures of Mottel, the Cantor's Son, translated by Tamara Kahana (1953). He was the first to write in Yiddish for children. Adaptations of his work were important in the founding of the Yiddish Art Theatre in New York, and the libretto of the musical Fiddler on the Roof (1964) was adapted from a group of his Tevye the Dairyman stories. The Best of Sholem Aleichem, a collection of tales edited by Irving Howe and Ruth Wisse, was published in 1979.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Sholem Aleichem — orig. Sholem Yakov Rabinowitz (18 feb. 1859, Pereyaslav, Rusia–13 may. 1916, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Escritor ruso. Comenzó a escribir cuando niño y a los 17 años se transformó en tutor privado. Posteriormente se desempeñó como rabino del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Sholem Aleichem — (1859 1916, born Solomon Rabinowitz) Russian born Yiddish humorist, writer of novels plays and short stories (some of which formed the basis for the musical Fiddler on the Roof ) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Sholem Aleichem (crater) — Mercury crater data caption=MESSENGER photo of Sholem Aleichem latitude=51 N or S=N longitude=56.5 E or W=W diameter=190 km eponym=Sholom AleichemSholem Aleichem is a crater on Mercury, named after the Yiddish writer [… …   Wikipedia

  • Sholem Aleichem (Rabinovitz, Solomon) — (1859 1916)    Ukrainian Yiddish author. He was born in Pereyaslav, and began writing novels, poems and plays at an early age. In 1888 9 he published the literary annual Die yidishe folksbiblyotek. He subse quently created the character of Tevye… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Filmworks XX: Sholem Aleichem — Album par John Zorn Sortie Septembre 2008 Enregistrement Mai 2008 Durée 44:18 Compositeur John Zorn Producteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sholem Aleikhem — Cholem Aleikhem Contes de Cholem Aleikhem avec portrait de l auteur et signature Cholem Aleikhem (en yiddish et hébreu: שלום עליכם, en russe: Шолом Алейхем) nom de plume de Cholem Naumovich Rabinovich ; (1859 – 1916) est un humoriste et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sholem — (as used in expressions) Asch Sholem Sholem Aleichem Sholem Yakov Rabinowitz Sholem Yankev Abramovitsh * * * …   Universalium

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