Sheba, Queen of
- flourished 10th century BCIn Jewish and Islamic traditions, ruler of the Kingdom of Sabaʾ (Sheba) in southwestern Arabia.In an Old Testament story, she visited King Solomon to test his wisdom. In Islamic tradition she is known as Bilqīs and is converted from worship of the sun to worship of God, marrying either Solomon himself or a Hamdānī tribesman. In Persian folklore she is considered the daughter of a Chinese king and a peri (a type of supernatural being). Ethiopian tradition names her Makeda; her son by Solomon is seen as the founder of the Ethiopian royal dynasty.
* * *▪ queen of SabaʾArabic Bilqīs , Ethiopian Makedaflourished 10th century BCaccording to Jewish and Islāmic traditions, ruler of the Kingdom of Sabaʾ (or Sheba) in southwestern Arabia. In the Old Testament account of the reign of King Solomon, she visited his court at the head of a camel caravan bearing gold, jewels, and spices. The story provides evidence for the existence of important commercial relations between ancient Israel and Arabia. According to the Bible, the purpose of her visit was to test Solomon's wisdom by asking him to solve a number of riddles.The story of Bilqīs, as the Queen of Sheba is known in Islāmic tradition, appears in the Qurʾān, though she is not mentioned by name, and her story has been embellished by Muslim commentators; the Arabs have also given Bilqīs a southern Arabian genealogy, and she is the subject of a widespread cycle of legends. According to one account, Solomon, having heard from a hoopoe, one of his birds, that Bilqīs and her kingdom worshipped the Sun, sent a letter asking her to worship God. She replied by sending gifts, but, when Solomon proved unreceptive to them, she came to his court herself. The king's demons, meanwhile, fearing that he might be tempted into marrying Bilqīs, whispered to him that she had hairy legs and the hooves of an ass. Solomon, being curious about such a peculiar phenomenon, had a glass floor built before his throne, so that Bilqīs, tricked into thinking it was water, raised her skirts to cross it and revealed that her legs were truly hairy. Solomon then ordered his demons to create a depilatory for the queen. Tradition does not agree as to whether Solomon himself married Bilqīs or gave her in marriage to a Hamdānī tribesman; she did, however, become a believer.The story of Sheba, which was probably derived from Jewish tradition, also appears among the Persians, where she is considered the daughter of a Chinese king and a peri. According to Ethiopian tradition, Sheba (called Makeda) bore Solomon a son, Menilek I, who founded the royal dynasty of Ethiopia.
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Sheba, queen of — Ruler of the Sabeans (SW Arabia), who visited King Solomon and was impressed by his wisdom (1 Kgs. 10:1 ff.). She may also have had commercial interests in mind. Jesus contrasted her journey ‘from the ends of the earth’ with the indifference to… … Dictionary of the Bible
queen — In Israel there was no right of succession to the throne by daughters of a deceased king, or by his widow; but a queen mother, Athaliah, ruled for seven years when her son died (2 Kgs. 8:26; 11:1–4). A foreign queen, of Sheba [[➝ Sheba, queen… … Dictionary of the Bible
Queen of Sheba — Queen of She|ba, the 1.) someone who is very rich or who spends money as if they were very rich, from a story in the Old Testament of the Bible about the wealth of the Queen of Sheba 2.) and I m the Queen of Sheba humorous used as a reply when… … Dictionary of contemporary English
Queen of Sheba Meets the Atom Man — (1963) is an experimental film by Ron Rice. It stars Winifred Bryan as the Queen of Sheba and Taylor Mead as the Atom Man. Featured players are Ron Rice, Julian Beck, Judith Malina, Jack Smith, and Jonas Mekas. Rice died before the editing was… … Wikipedia
Sheba (disambiguation) — * Sheba (from the English transcription of the Hebrew name sh va, also Saba, Arabic: سبأ) is a southern kingdom mentioned in the Jewish scriptures (Old Testament) and the Qur anSheba may also refer to: * Queen of Sheba * Sheba (cat food), a brand … Wikipedia
Sheba — Sheba1 [shē′bə] Queen of Bible the queen who visited King Solomon to investigate his reputed wisdom: 1 Kings 10:1 13 Sheba2 [shē′bə] Biblical name for SABA (the ancient kingdom) … English World dictionary
Queen of the South — is an alternative title for the Queen of Sheba. The phrase Queen of the South is used in the New Testament and is attributed to Jesus Christ.Jesus Christ is quoted in the Bible (Matthew 12: 38 42) saying The Queen of the South will arise at the… … Wikipedia
Queen of Sheba — For the Charles Gounod opera, see La reine de Saba. The Queen of Shebah (Hebrew: מלכת שבא, Malkat Sh vha in Biblical Hebrew; Malkat Sh va in Modern Hebrew; Ge ez: ንግሥተ ሳባ, Nigiste Saba (Nəgəstä Saba); Arabic: ملكة سبأ … Wikipedia
Sheba — or both. Biblical traditionSheba is mentioned several times in the Bible. For instance, in the Table of Nations (Genesis 10:7), Sheba, along with Dedan, is listed as a descendant of Noah s son Ham (as sons of Raamah son of Cush). In Genesis 25:3 … Wikipedia
Queen of Sheba's Palace — for the palace in Oman see Queen of Sheba s Palace (Sumharam). Queen of Sheba s Palace Ruins of Queen of Sheba s Palace … Wikipedia