died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, Ger.Austrian Nazi leader.He served in the Austro-Hungarian army during World War I and was seriously wounded. Later a lawyer in Vienna, he became a leader of the moderate faction of the Austrian Nazis and served on the federal council of state (1937–38). In response to German pressure, he was named minister of interior and security and then replaced Kurt von Schuschnigg as chancellor (1938). He welcomed the Anschluss by Germany and became governor of the Austrian administration (1938–39). In World War II he was German high commissioner of The Netherlands (1940–45) and carried out the Nazi policy against Dutch Jews. He was tried at the Nürnberg trials and executed as a war criminal.
* * *▪ Austrian politicianborn July 22, 1892, Stannern, near Iglau, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic]died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg, Ger.Austrian Nazi leader who was chancellor of Austria during the Anschluss (annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938).Seyss-Inquart served in the Austro-Hungarian army during World War I and was seriously wounded. Returning to Vienna after the war, he became a lawyer there in 1921. He also became a fervent advocate of a political union of Austria with Germany, and he cultivated close ties with the Austrian Nazi Party. A leader of the moderate “legal” faction of the Austrian Nazis, Seyss-Inquart was appointed to the Austrian Staatsrat (federal council of state) in June 1937 in order to bring the Nazis into cooperation with the government. In February 1938, in response to German pressure, he was named minister of interior and security, a prelude to his replacement of Kurt von Schuschnigg as chancellor on March 11, 1938, the eve of Anschluss. Long a proponent of German-Austrian unification, he openly welcomed the incorporation of Austria into Germany that followed in the same month after the invasion by German troops.Subsequently he served as Reichsstatthalter (governor) of the new Austrian provincial administration until April 30, 1939. He was later appointed deputy governor in Poland and eventually Reichskommissar (commissioner) of the occupied Netherlands, where he was chiefly responsible for the establishment of a system of terror, the shooting of hostages, extortion, and the mass deportation of the great majority of Dutch Jews (approximately 120,000 people), mostly to Auschwitz. Following the defeat of Germany in World War II, he was tried and executed as a war criminal at Nürnberg.
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SEYSS-INQUART, ARTHUR° — (1892–1946), Austrian Nazi lawyer who prior to the Anschluss was active in nationalist circles. He was appointed by the Austrian chancellor Kurt von Scnushnigg to the Council of State in the hope that he would mediate with the extreme Right. In… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Seyss-Inquart, Arthur — (1892–1946) A lawyer by training, Seyss Inquart was appointed by Austrian chancellor Kurt von Schuschnigg as a mediator between himself and the Austrian Nazis. In February 1938, Adolf Hitler pressured Schuschnigg to appoint Seyss Inquart as… … Historical dictionary of the Holocaust
Seyss-Inquart, Arthur — (22 jul. 1892, Stannern, cerca de Iglau, Bohemia, Austria Hungría–16 oct. 1946, Nuremberg, Alemania). Dirigente nazi austríaco. Sirvió en el ejército austro húngaro durante la primera guerra mundial y fue gravemente herido. Más tarde fue abogado… … Enciclopedia Universal
Arthur Seyss-Inquart — Federal Chancellor of Austria In office 11 March 1938 – 13 March 1938 President Wilhelm Miklas Preceded by Kurt S … Wikipedia
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Arthur Seyss-Inquart — Arthur Seyß Inquart bei einer Ansprache vor der Ordnungspolizei in Den Haag (1940) Arthur Seyß Inquart (* 22. Juli 1892 in Stannern als Arthur Zajtich; † 16. Oktober 1946 in Nürnberg) war ein … Deutsch Wikipedia
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