Seven Oaks Massacre
(1816) Destruction of a Canadian fur-trading settlement.Sixty Métis, directed by an agent of the North West Co., attempted to run provisions past the rival Hudson's Bay Co. settlement on the Red River. They were intercepted by the colony's governor and 25 soldiers at Seven Oaks, near the settlement. An argument grew into a fight in which the Métis killed 20 men, including the governor. They then threatened the remaining settlers with massacre, forcing them to abandon the colony. The settlement was restored the next year.
* * *▪ Canadian history(1816), destruction of the Hudson's Bay Company's (Hudson's Bay Company) Red River Settlement in what is now Manitoba, Canada, by agents of the rival North West Company.On June 19, 1816, a party of about 60 Métis under Cuthbert Grant, a North West Company employee, set out to run provisions for North West Company canoes past the Red River colony; they plundered some outlying posts on the Assiniboine River and then stopped at a place called Seven Oaks, near the Hudson's Bay Company's post at Fort Douglas. Robert Semple, the governor of the colony and governor in chief of the Hudson's Bay Company's territories in North America, led a group of about 25 soldiers and settlers to parley with the Métis. A fight broke out in which Semple and 20 of his men were killed; Grant lost only one man. The Métis gave no quarter to their wounded opponents, and in the following days they forced the remaining settlers to leave under the threat of massacre. The destruction of the Red River colony, however, was only temporary; it was restored the following year.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
massacre — massacrer /mas euh kreuhr/, n. /mas euh keuhr/, n., v., massacred, massacring. n. 1. the unnecessary, indiscriminate killing of a large number of human beings or animals, as in barbarous warfare or persecution or for revenge or plunder. 2. a… … Universalium
seven — /sev euhn/, n. 1. a cardinal number, 6 plus 1. 2. a symbol for this number, as 7 or VII. 3. a set of this many persons or things. 4. a playing card with seven pips. 5. sevens, (used with a sing. v.) fan tan (def. 1). adj. 6. amounting to seven in … Universalium
oak — oaklike, adj. /ohk/, n. 1. any tree or shrub belonging to the genus Quercus, of the beech family, bearing the acorn as fruit. 2. the hard, durable wood of such a tree, used in making furniture and in construction. 3. the leaves of this tree, esp … Universalium
native American — native American, adj. a person born in the United States. [1835 45, Amer.] * * * ▪ indigenous peoples of Canada and United States Introduction also called American Indian, Amerindian, Amerind, Indian, Aboriginal American, or First Nation… … Universalium
Native American — Indian (def. 1). Usage. See Indian, Eskimo. * * * ▪ indigenous peoples of Canada and United States Introduction also called American Indian, Amerindian, Amerind, Indian, Aboriginal A … Universalium
Fraser, Simon — born May, 20, 1776, Mapletown, N.Y. died Aug. 18?, 1862, St. Andrews West, Canada West Canadian explorer and fur trader. In 1784 he moved to Canada, where he became a clerk (1791) and later a partner (1801) in the North West Co. In 1805 he set… … Universalium
cañada — /keuhn yah deuh, yad euh/, n. Chiefly Western U.S. 1. a dry riverbed. 2. a small, deep canyon. [1840 50; < Sp, equiv. to cañ(a) CANE + ada n. suffix] * * * Canada Introduction Canada Background: A land of vast distances and rich natural resources … Universalium
Canada — /kan euh deuh/, n. a nation in N North America: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 29,123,194; 3,690,410 sq. mi. (9,558,160 sq. km). Cap.: Ottawa. * * * Canada Introduction Canada Background: A land of vast distances and rich natural… … Universalium
Pembina, North Dakota — Infobox Settlement official name = Pembina, North Dakota settlement type = City nickname = motto = imagesize = 250px image caption = Building and water tower in Pembina image mapsize = 250px map caption = Location of Pembina, North Dakota… … Wikipedia
Hudson's Bay Company — a company chartered in England in 1670 to carry on fur trading with the Indians in North America. * * * ▪ Canadian company corporation that occupies a prominent place in both the economic and the political history of Canada. It was incorporated… … Universalium