Seeckt, Hans von

born April 22, 1866, Schleswig, Prussia
died Dec. 27, 1936, Berlin, Ger.

German general.

A career army officer, in World War I he was chief of staff of the 11th Army and then chief of staff of the Turkish army. After the war he became head of the German Reichswehr (1919–26) and secretly built a small but efficient army, circumventing the Treaty of Versailles prohibition. He supported cooperation with Russia and encouraged the Treaty of Rapallo. He later served as an adviser to the Chinese Nationalist Army (1934–35).

* * *

▪ German general

born April 22, 1866, Schleswig, Prussia
died Dec. 27, 1936, Berlin
 German general and head of the Reichswehr (army) from 1920 to 1926, who was responsible for successfully remodelling the army under the Weimar Republic.

      Seeckt entered the German Army in 1885. By 1889 he was a member of the general staff, where he remained for the next two decades. During World War I he became chief of staff of the 11th Army (February 1915) and later served as chief of staff of the Turkish Army.

      Appointed in November 1919 head of the Truppenamt (Troops Bureau), the republican successor of the German imperial general staff, which had been proscribed by the Versailles treaty, Seeckt clandestinely became the creator of a small but remarkably efficient army. He recognized that a Russo-German alliance would be an almost unbeatable combination in any general war, and he encouraged the Treaty of Rapallo (1922) normalizing relations between the two powers and promoted other, secret agreements. In return for German training of the Soviet Army and aid in the construction of heavy industry, the Reichswehr was able to train tank and air crews in the Soviet Union and experiment with the latest weapons, thereby effectively circumventing the Versailles treaty.

      The heart of Seeckt's policy was to maintain the power and prestige of the army by avoiding internal dissension. In 1926, however, he made two crucial mistakes in regularizing duelling between officers and approving the participation of a Hohenzollern prince in Reichswehr manoeuvres. The resulting public and parliamentary outcry forced his resignation on Oct. 8, 1926. Thereafter, Seeckt served as a conservative member of the Reichstag (parliament) in 1930–32 and, in 1934–35, as an adviser to the Chinese Nationalist Army. His memoirs, Aus meinem Leben (“From My Life”) and Aus seinem Leben (“From His Life”), appeared in 1938 and 1940.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Seeckt, Hans von — (22 abr. 1866, Schleswig, Prusia–27 dic. 1936, Berlín, Alemania). General alemán. Oficial de carrera del ejército, en la primera guerra mundial fue jefe del estado mayor del 11o ejército y luego jefe del estado mayor del ejército turco. Después… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Seeckt, Hans von — (1866 1936)    general; Chief of the Heeresleitung during 1920 1926. He was born in Schleswig; his family was not part of the old Prussian nobility but had migrated in the seventeenth century to Pomerania from Poland* or Hungary (his father was a …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • SEECKT (H. von) — SEECKT HANS VON (1866 1936) D’une vieille famille noble de Poméranie, Hans von Seeckt devient, à dix neuf ans, officier subalterne dans le 1er régiment de gardes à pied et gravit rapidement les échelons hiérarchiques, grâce à son savoir faire… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hans Von Seeckt — en 1930 Hans von Seeckt (22 avril 1866 Berlin le 27 décembre 1936) était un général allemand. Né dans la ville de Schleswig, il entra dans l armée en 1885 et intégra l État major en 1899. Pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, il occupa plusieurs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hans von Seekt — Hans von Seeckt Hans von Seeckt en 1930 Hans von Seeckt (22 avril 1866 Berlin le 27 décembre 1936) était un général allemand. Né dans la ville de Schleswig, il entra dans l armée en 1885 et intégra l État major en 1899. Pendant la Première Guerre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hans von Seeckt — Johannes Friedrich Leopold von Seeckt Generaloberst Hans Von Seeckt Generaloberst Años de servicio 1885 – 1926 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hans von Seeckt — (links) und Reichswehrminister Otto Geßler, 1925 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans von Seeckt — en 1930 Hans von Seeckt (22 avril 1866 Berlin le 27 décembre 1936) était un général allemand. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hans von Feldmann — (* 7. November 1868 in Berlin; † 10. Juli 1940) war ein deutscher Offizier und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Öffentliche Ämter 3 Auszeichnungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hans von Seeckt — Infobox Military Person name=Hans von Seeckt (also known as The Sphinx ) born=birth date|1866|04|22 died=death date and age|1936|12|27|1866|12|27 placeofbirth=Schleswig placeofdeath= caption= nickname= allegiance=flagicon|Germany Reichswehr… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.