Schubert, Franz (Peter)

born Jan. 31, 1797, Himmelpfortgrund, near Vienna
died Nov. 19, 1828, Vienna

Austrian composer.

He learned violin from his schoolteacher father and piano from his brother. He joined the precursor of the Vienna Boys Choir (1808), making such quick progress that Antonio Salieri undertook to guide his training (1810–16). At his family's insistence, he was trained as a schoolteacher. In 1815 he wrote 2 symphonies, more than 100 songs, and 4 stage works. In 1818, seeking independence, he quit teaching at his father's school to tutor Johann Esterházy's daughters. In 1819–20 he wrote the celebrated Trout Quintet and a mass. In 1821, 20 of his most popular songs were published with great success, and he wrote the three-act opera Alfonso und Estrella. Despite his first awareness of the disease (possibly syphilis) that would kill him, his amazing production continued in 1822, with the Unfinished Symphony and the Wanderer Fantasy. He was often ill during his last five years but continued his production of music, including the song cycles The Miller's Beautiful Daughter and Winter Journey, the last three piano sonatas, and the Great Symphony. His last years were made miserable by illness, not poverty; in fact, his greatness was widely recognized. He died at 31, having produced more masterpieces by that age than almost any other composer in history. His 600 songs made the lied a serious genre and sparked its great development in subsequent decades.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schubert,Franz Peter — Schu·bert (sho͞oʹbərt, bĕrt ), Franz Peter. 1797 1828. Austrian composer who perfected the form of the German art song in his more than 600 compositions for voice and piano. He also composed symphonies and chamber music. * * * …   Universalium

  • Schubert, Franz Peter — (1797–1828)    The greatest of all composers to work in the genre of the art song, Schubert was born and spent his first years in Lichtental, then one of the outlying districts of Vienna. His father was a schoolteacher and gave him his first… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Schubert, Franz Peter — ► (1797 1828) Compositor austríaco. El número de sus composiciones se eleva a más de mil y, aparte de sus óperas y sinfonías, es el creador del lied moderno. Entre sus muchas obras cabe citar: Viajes de invierno, La bella molinera (ciclos de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schubert, Franz (Peter) — (31 ene. 1797, Himmelpfortgrund, cerca de Viena–19 nov. 1828, Viena). Compositor austríaco. Aprendió a tocar el violín con su padre, un maestro de escuela, y piano con su hermano. En 1808 se incorporó al conjunto precursor de los Niños cantores… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SCHUBERT, FRANZ PETER —    composer, born, the son of a Moravian schoolmaster, at Vienna; at 11 was one of the leading choristers in the court chapel, later on became leading violinist in the school band; his talent for composition in all modes soon revealed itself, and …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Schubert, Franz — ▪ Austrian composer Introduction in full  Franz Peter Schubert  born , Jan. 31, 1797, Himmelpfortgrund, near Vienna died Nov. 19, 1828, Vienna  Austrian composer who bridged the worlds of Classical and Romantic music, noted for the melody and… …   Universalium

  • Franz Peter Schubert — noun Austrian composer known for his compositions for voice and piano (1797 1828) • Syn: ↑Schubert, ↑Franz Schubert, ↑Franz Seraph Peter Schubert • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Schubert — Schubert, Franz Peter …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Franz Schubert — Franz Peter Schubert (January 31, 1797 – November 19, 1828) was an Austrian composer. He wrote some 600 lieder, nine symphonies (including the famous Unfinished Symphony ), liturgical music, operas, and a large body of chamber and solo piano… …   Wikipedia

  • Franz — /franz, frants/; Ger. /frddahnts/, n. a male given name, German form of Frank. * * * (as used in expressions) Beckenbauer Franz Becker Boris Franz Boas Franz Bopp Franz Brentano Franz Clemens Canaris Wilhelm Franz Karl Franz Josef Chrysander Karl …   Universalium

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