Schism, Western

(1378–1417) In Roman Catholic history, a period when there were two, and later three, rival popes, each with his own College of Cardinals.

The schism began soon after the papal residence was returned to Rome from Avignon (see Avignon papacy). Urban VI was elected amid local demands for an Italian pope, but a group of cardinals with French sympathies elected an antipope, Clement VII, who took up residence at Avignon. Cardinals from both sides met at Pisa in 1409 and elected a third pope in an effort to end the schism. The rift was not healed until the Council of Constance vacated all three seats and elected Martin V as pope in 1417.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Schism, Western — • Only a temporary misunderstanding, even though it compelled the Church for forty years to seek its true head; it was fed by politics and passions, and was terminated by the assembling of the councils of Pisa and Constance Catholic Encyclopedia …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Western Schism — • Only a temporary misunderstanding, even though it compelled the Church for forty years to seek its true head; it was fed by politics and passions, and was terminated by the assembling of the councils of Pisa and Constance Catholic Encyclopedia …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Schism — • In the language of theology and canon law, the rupture of ecclesiastical union and unity Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Schism     Schism      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • schism — schismless, adj. /siz euhm, skiz /, n. 1. division or disunion, esp. into mutually opposed parties. 2. the parties so formed. 3. Eccles. a. a formal division within, or separation from, a church or religious body over some doctrinal difference. b …   Universalium

  • western — /wes teuhrn/, adj. 1. lying toward or situated in the west: our company s western office. 2. directed or proceeding toward the west: a western migration. 3. coming or originating from the west, as a wind. 4. (often cap.) of, pertaining to, living …   Universalium

  • Western Rite Orthodoxy — or Western Orthodoxy or Orthodox Western Rite are terms used to describe congregations and groups which are in communion with Eastern Orthodox Churches or Oriental Orthodox Churches using traditional Western liturgies rather than adopting Eastern …   Wikipedia

  • Schism — or schisms may refer to:Entertainment* Schisms , a Star Trek: The Next Generation episode * Schism, an event which occurred within the fictional V.F.D. organization in Lemony Snicket s A Series of Unfortunate Events * Schism , a novel by… …   Wikipedia

  • Western schism — Schism Schism, n. [OE. scisme, OF. cisme, scisme, F. schisme, L. schisma, Gr. schi sma, fr. schi zein to split; akin to L. scindere, Skr. chid, and prob. to E. shed, v.t. (which see); cf. {Rescind}, {Schedule}, {Zest}.] Division or separation;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Schism — Schism, n. [OE. scisme, OF. cisme, scisme, F. schisme, L. schisma, Gr. schi sma, fr. schi zein to split; akin to L. scindere, Skr. chid, and prob. to E. shed, v.t. (which see); cf. {Rescind}, {Schedule}, {Zest}.] Division or separation;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Schism act — Schism Schism, n. [OE. scisme, OF. cisme, scisme, F. schisme, L. schisma, Gr. schi sma, fr. schi zein to split; akin to L. scindere, Skr. chid, and prob. to E. shed, v.t. (which see); cf. {Rescind}, {Schedule}, {Zest}.] Division or separation;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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