Savimbi, Jonas (Malheiro)

born Aug. 3, 1934, Portuguese Angola
died Feb. 22, 2002, near Lucusse, Angola

Angolan guerrilla leader and politician.

After obtaining a doctorate abroad, Savimbi returned to found the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) in 1966. With aid from China, South Africa, and the U.S., UNITA developed a large guerrilla army and embarked on an extended war against the Soviet-backed Angolan government. In 1991 Savimbi agreed to participate in free multiparty elections, but after losing he resumed his military campaign. A peace accord (1994) and later agreements (1996) permitted UNITA to join a coalition government; many of the agreements' measures were carried out under UN auspices, but Savimbi declined to become vice president, and violence continued until his death. UNITA signed a peace agreement in April 2002.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Savimbi, Jonas (Malheiro) — (3 ago. 1934, Angola portuguesa–22 feb. 2002, cerca de Lucusse, Angola). Líder guerrillero y político angoleño. Después de doctorarse en el extranjero, regresó a su país para fundar, en 1966, la Unión Nacional para la Independencia Total de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Jonas Savimbi — (1989). Jonas Malheiro Savimbi (* 3. August 1934 in Munhango, Provinz Bié, Angola; † 22. Februar 2002 in Lucusse, Provinz Moxico, Angola) war angolanischer Politiker und Anführer der antikolonialen Bewegung UNITA, die nach der Unabhängigkeit des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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