Santiago de Compostela
- City (pop., 2001: 90,188), capital of Galicia autonomous community (comunidad autonóma), northwestern Spain.Santiago de Compostela contains a Romanesque cathedral completed in 1211 that was built on what was said to be the tomb of Jesus' apostle St. James. This tomb, discovered in the 9th century, became the most important Christian pilgrimage site in Europe after Rome. The town that grew up around the tomb was destroyed in 997 by the Moors and was rebuilt in the Middle Ages. Chief economic activities include agriculture, silverwork, wood engraving, and the manufacture of linen and paper. The city is home to several colleges and a university.
* * *▪ Spaincity, A Coruña (Coruña, A) provincia (province), capital of the comunidad autonóma (autonomous community) of Galicia, northwestern Spain. It lies near the confluence of the Sar and Sarela rivers, 32 miles (51 km) southwest of A Coruña city. In 1985 UNESCO designated the city a World Heritage site.In AD 813 a tomb discovered at nearby Padrón was said to have been supernaturally revealed to be that of the apostle St. James (James, Saint), martyred at Jerusalem about AD 44. His bones had been taken to Spain, where, according to legend, he had formerly evangelized. The discovery of the relics provided a rallying point for Christian Spain, then confined to a narrow strip of the northern Iberian Peninsula (most of the remainder of which was occupied by Moors (Moor)). Alfonso II of Asturias built a church over the tomb, which Alfonso III replaced by a larger structure, and during the Middle Ages the town that grew up around it became the most important Christian place of pilgrimage after Jerusalem and Rome. The whole town, except the tomb itself, was destroyed in 997 by Abū ʿĀmir al-Manṣūr (Manṣūr, Abū ʿĀmir al-) (Almanzor), military commander of the Moorish caliphate of Córdoba. In 1078 the present cathedral was begun by order of Alfonso VI of Leon and Castile. This Romanesque building, located at the east end of the Plaza del Obradoiro, has a Baroque west facade (the Obradoiro) built (1738–50) by Fernando Casas y Novoa. An outstanding feature of the interior is the Pórtico de la Gloria, a tripartite porch located behind the facade and showing a Last Judgment sculptural composition by Maestro Mateo; the work is Romanesque but tinged with Gothic features. To the north of the Plaza del Obradoiro is the Royal Hospital (now a hotel), which was built in 1501–11 by Enrique de Egas to receive pilgrims. Other noteworthy secular buildings are the colegios (“schools”) of San Jerónimo (founded 1501), Fonseca (founded 1506), and San Clemente (founded 1602) and the University (founded 1501, though the building dates from 1750). The Monastery of San Martín Pinario, now a seminary, was founded in the 10th century and rebuilt in the 17th.The Monastery of San Francisco was supposedly founded by St. Francis of Assisi (Francis of Assisi, Saint) when he made a pilgrimage to Santiago in 1214. The Church of Santa María Salomé and the collegiate Church of Santa María la Real del Sar in the suburbs both date from the 12th century, with later facades.Santiago is well known for its rúas (“narrow streets”), which surround the cathedral and add medieval charm to the historic centre. The Cathedral Museum contains sculptures and Flemish tapestries, and the Galician People's Museum is an ethnographic and anthropological museum. The Galician Centre of Contemporary Art was designed by the architect Álvaro Siza and houses Galician and international artistic creations.The Route of Santiago de Compostela, designated a World Heritage site in 1993, was a series of roads through France and Spain that converged on the city; the route was traveled each year throughout the Middle Ages by thousands of pilgrims.Among Santiago's chief economic activities are the manufacture of furniture, electronic machinery, and food products. Artistic industries include silverwork and wood engraving. Banking, tourism, construction, and telecommunications are also major sources of income. Pop. (2007 est.) mun., 93,712.
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Santiago de Compostela — Flag … Wikipedia
Santiago de Compostela — es una ciudad universal e histórica de la provincia de A Coruña situada a 65 km al sur de la capital provincial. Es la capital de la comunidad autónoma de Galicia, España. Santiago, cuenta con 92.339 habitantes (INE, 2004), en donde la ciudad… … Enciclopedia Universal
Santiago de Compostēla — Santiago de Compostēla, Bezirkshauptskadt in der span. Provinz La Coruña, ehemals Hauptstadt von Galicien, 228 m ü. M., am Abhang des Monte Pedroso (594 m), an der Eisenbahn Pontevedra S. gelegen, Sitz eines Erzbischofs und des Ritterordens des… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Santiago de Compostela — (izg. santiȃgo de kompostȅla) m DEFINICIJA grad u Španjolskoj, o. 100.000 stan., mjesto gdje je 813. prema predaji pokopan Sv. Jakov Stariji, brat Sv. Ivana; veliko hodočasničko središte … Hrvatski jezični portal
Santiago de Compostela — Para otros usos de este término, véase Compostela (desambiguación). Santiago de Compostela … Wikipedia Español
Santiago de Compostela — Gemeinde Santiago de Compostela Altstadt von Santiago Wappen Karte von Spanien … Deutsch Wikipedia
Santiago de Compostela — Saint Jacques de Compostelle Saint Jacques de Compostelle Santiago de Compostela La Cathédrale … Wikipédia en Français
Santiago de Compostela — Original name in latin Santiago de Compostela Name in other language Compostelako Donejakue, Compostella, Lungsod ng Santiago de Compostela, SCQ, Saint Jacques de Compostelle, Sant jago de Kompostela, Santiago, Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Santiago de Compostela — Šānt Yāqūb (Arabic), Santiago de Compostel·la (Catalan), Sant Jaume de Galícia (former Catalan), Saint Jacques de Compostelle (French), Santiago de Compostela (Galician, Finnish, Portuguese, Spanish), Santiago di Compostela (Italian), Santiago di … Names of cities in different languages
Santiago de Compostela — Sp Santjãgo de Kompostelà Ap Santiago de Compostela L ŠV Ispanija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė