Salisbury, Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd marquess of

born , Feb. 3, 1830, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, Eng.
died Aug. 22, 1903, Hatfield

British prime minister (1885–86, 1886–92, 1895–1902).

He served in Benjamin Disraeli's government as secretary for India (1874–78) and foreign secretary (1878–80), helping to convene the Congress of Berlin. He led the Conservative Party opposition in the House of Lords, then became prime minister on three occasions beginning in 1885, usually serving concurrently as foreign secretary. He opposed alliances, maintained strong national interests, and presided over an expansion of Britain's colonial empire, especially in Africa. He retired in 1902 in favour of his nephew, Arthur James Balfour.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Cecil — /ses euhl, sis / or, for 5, /see seuhl/, n. 1. (Edgar Algernon) Robert (1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood), 1864 1958, British statesman: Nobel peace prize 1937. 2. Robert (1st Earl of Salisbury and 1st Viscount Cecil of Cranborne), 1563 1612,… …   Universalium

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Gascoyne — (as used in expressions) Gascoyne River Cecil of Chelwood Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil 1st Viscount Salisbury Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil 3rd marquess of * * * …   Universalium

  • Arthur — /ahr theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830 86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881 85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Port Arthur Adamov Arthur Arthur s …   Universalium

  • marquess — /mahr kwis/, n. Brit. 1. marquee (def. 3). 2. marquis. [sp. var. of MARQUIS] * * * I or marquis European title of nobility, ranking in modern times immediately below a duke and above a count or earl. The wife of a marquess is a marchioness or… …   Universalium

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