Saint-Germain, Treaty of

(1919) Treaty ending World War I between Austria and the Allied Powers.

Signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, on Sept. 10, 1919, it came into force on July 16, 1920. It registered the breakup of the Habsburg empire and recognized the independence of Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (later Yugoslavia). Eastern Galicia, southern Tirol, and Trieste were also ceded by Austria. The treaty limited Austria's army to 30,000 men, dismantled the Austro-Hungarian navy, and barred the union of Austria with Germany.

* * *

▪ 1919
      (1919), treaty concluding World War I and signed by representatives of Austria (Austria-Hungary) on one side and the Allied Powers on the other. It was signed at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, near Paris, on Sept. 10, 1919, and came into force on July 16, 1920.

      The treaty officially registered the breakup of the Habsburg empire, recognizing the independence of Czechoslovakia, Poland, Hungary, and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (Yugoslavia) and ceding eastern Galicia, Trento, southern Tirol, Trieste, and Istria. Plebiscites eventually determined the disposition of southern Carinthia (which went to Austria) and the town of Sopron (which went to Hungary). The Covenant of the League of Nations was integrally included in the treaty, and the union of Austria with Germany was expressly forbidden without the consent of the Council of the League. The military clauses limited Austria's long-service volunteer army to 30,000 men and broke up the Austro-Hungarian navy, distributing it among the Allies. Although Austria was made liable for reparations, no money was ever actually paid.

      Austrian officials protested the violation of the principle of self-determination in the treaty, the placement of so many ethnic Germans under Czechoslovak and Italian rule, and the forbiddance of unity with Germany. The Austria created by the treaty was financially and militarily weak and therefore a chronic force of instability in Europe between the two World Wars.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint Germain, Treaty of —    The Treaty of Saint Germain between the victorious Allies and Austria was signed on 10 September 1919. The former Austro Hungarian empire was broken up, and new nations Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Yugoslavia were created. Italy’s territorial… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Saint-Germain — may refer to:people * Saint Germain of Paris (496 576), bishop of Paris who founded Saint Germain des Prés * Germaine Cousin (1579 1601), French saint * Claude Louis, Comte de Saint Germain (1707 1778), French general * Count of St Germain (… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye — The Treaty of Saint Germain may refer to one of a number of treaties signed at Saint Germain en Laye, as follows:* Treaty of Saint Germain en Laye (1570) terminated the third phase of the French Wars of Religion * Treaty of Saint Germain en Laye… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919) — The Treaty of Saint Germain en Laye, was signed on 10 September 1919 by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the new Republic of Austria on the other. Like the Treaty of Versailles with Germany, it contained the Covenant of …   Wikipedia

  • Saint-Germain-en-Laye — French commune name=Saint Germain en Laye| map size=270px adjustable mapcaption=Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs lat long=coord|48|53|49|N|02|05|29|E|region:FR type:city région=Île de France département=Yvelines ( sous… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1632) — The Treaty of Saint Germain en Laye was signed on March 29, 1632. It returned New France (Quebec) to French control after the English had seized it in 1629. It also provided France with compensation for goods seized during the capture of New… …   Wikipedia

  • Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye — The Château de Saint Germain en Laye …   Wikipedia

  • Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye — The Peace of Saint Germain en Laye was a treaty signed August 5, 1570 at the royal Château of Saint Germain en Laye, ending the third of the French Wars of Religion. In the third war, fought between Catholics and Protestants from 1568 to 1570,… …   Wikipedia

  • Lycée International de Saint Germain-en-Laye — The Lycée International of St Germain en Laye is a French state school located in St Germain en Laye, on the outskirts of Paris. It is unique in bringing together students from different origins in twelve national sections. According to the… …   Wikipedia

  • treaty — /tree tee/, n., pl. treaties. 1. a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. 2. the formal document embodying such an international agreement. 3. any agreement or… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.