Sabine, Sir Edward

born Oct. 14, 1788, Dublin, Ire.
died June 26, 1883, East Sheen, Surrey, Eng.

British astronomer and geodesist.

He accompanied the expeditions of John Ross (1818) and William Parry (1819) in search of the Northwest Passage. In 1821 he began experiments to determine the Earth's shape more precisely by observing the motion of a pendulum. He thereafter devoted most of his efforts to researches on terrestrial magnetism, overseeing the establishment of magnetic observatories throughout the world. In 1852 he discovered that the periodic variation of sunspots is correlated with certain changes in magnetic disturbances. He was president of London's Royal Society (1861–71). Knighted in 1869, he was promoted to the rank of general in 1870.

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▪ British astronomer

born Oct. 14, 1788, Dublin
died June 26, 1883, East Sheen, Surrey, Eng.
 English astronomer and geodesist noted for his experiments in determining the shape of the Earth and for his studies of the Earth's magnetic field.

      He served in the Royal Artillery and was appointed astronomer to the Arctic expeditions of Sir John Ross (1818) and Sir William Parry (1819) in search of the Northwest Passage. In 1821 he began experiments on the coasts of Africa and North America and in the Arctic to determine the Earth's shape more precisely by observing the motion of a pendulum. He published the first results of his work in 1825 and three years later continued his research in Paris and London.

      Sabine superintended the establishment of magnetic observatories throughout the world. In 1852 he discovered that the periodic variation of sunspots correlates with certain changes in magnetic disturbances on Earth and thus was able to show a relation between these two phenomena. Sabine was president of the Royal Society of London from 1861 to 1871 and was made Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1869.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Sabine , Sir Edward — (1788–1883) British geophysicist Sabine, a Dubliner by birth, was educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, near London, and was commissioned in the Royal Artillery in 1803. He took part in a number of expeditions, sailing as astronomer… …   Scientists

  • Sabine, Sir Edward — (14. oct. 1788, Dublin, Irlanda–26 jun, 1883, East Sheen, Surrey, Inglaterra). Astrónomo y geodesta británico. Participó en las expediciones de John Ross (1818) y William Parry (1819) en búsqueda del paso del Noroeste. En 1821 comenzó a realizar… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SABINE, SIR EDWARD —    a noted physicist, born in Dublin; served in artillery in 1803, maintained his connection with it till his retirement in 1874 as general, but owes his celebrity to his important investigations into the nature of terrestrial magnetism;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Edward — /ed weuhrd/, n. 1. Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall ( The Black Prince ), 1330 76, English military leader (son of Edward III). 2. Lake, a lake in central Africa, between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a source of the Nile.… …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • Edward — (as used in expressions) Abbey, Edward Acheson, Edward Goodrich Acton (de Aldenham), John Emerich Edward Dahlberg Acton, 1 barón Albee, Edward (Franklin) Edward Teach Bax, Sir Arnold (Edward Trevor) Bellamy, Edward Bernays, Edward L. Charles… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward Sabine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sabine. Sir Edward Sabine est un astronome britannique, né le 14 octobre 1788 à Dublin et mort le 26 juin 1883 à East Sheen dans le Surrey. Il sert dans l’artillerie britannique et occupe le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Sabine — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Sabine Nacimiento 14 de octubre de 1788 Dublín (Irlanda) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edward Sabine — Sir Edward Sabine (* 14. Oktober 1788 in Dublin, Irland; † 26. Juni 1883 in Richmond upon Thames, Surrey) war ein irischer Astronom. Edward Sabine war der Sohn von Joseph Sabine. Sein ältester Bruder hieß ebenfalls Joseph Sabine (1770–1837); er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sabine (disambiguation) — Sabine refers to:*The Sabine tribe, an Italic tribe of ancient Italy, and their territory, which still bears the ancient tribe s namePeople*Joseph Sabine (1770 1837), English lawyer and naturalist *Wallace Sabine (1868 1919), physicist *Sir… …   Wikipedia

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