born 1643?, near Northallerton, Yorkshire, Eng.died Dec. 14, 1713, LondonEnglish critic.Though called to the bar in 1673, Rymer almost immediately turned to literary criticism. He is known for introducing into England the principles of French formalist Neoclassical criticism. Among his works are The Tragedies of the Last Age (1678) and A Short View of Tragedy (1693), both highly critical of modern drama and favouring classical tragedy. His views were very influential until the 19th century. Appointed historiographer royal in 1692, he compiled most of the Foedera, a collection of treaties entered into by England that is of considerable value to the medievalist.
* * *▪ English criticborn 1641, near Northallerton, Yorkshire, Eng.died Dec. 14, 1713, LondonEnglish literary critic who introduced into England the principles of French formalist Neoclassical criticism. As historiographer royal, he also compiled a collection of treaties of considerable value to the medievalist.Rymer left Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, without taking a degree and began to study law at Gray's Inn, London. Although called to the bar in 1673, he almost immediately turned his attention to literary criticism. He translated René Rapin's Réflexions sur la poétique d'Aristote as Reflections on Aristotle's treatise of Poesie, in 1674. He required that dramatic action be probable and reasonable, that it instruct by moral precept and example (it was Rymer who coined the expression “ poetic justice”), and that characters behave either as idealized types or as average representatives of their class. In 1678 he wrote The Tragedies of the Last Age, in which he criticized plays by the Jacobean dramatists Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher for not adhering to the principles of classical tragedy. He himself published in the same year a play in rhyming verse, Edgar; or, The English Monarch. In 1693 he published A Short View of Tragedy, in which his Neoclassicism was at its narrowest (and in which he criticized Shakespeare's Othello as “a . . . Bloody farce, without salt or savour”). In A Short View, Rymer rejected all modern drama and advocated a return to the Greek tragedy of Aeschylus. Rymer's influence was considerable during the 18th century, but he was ridiculed in the 19th century; Thomas Babington Macaulay called him “the worst critic that ever lived.”In 1692 Rymer was appointed historiographer royal, and, when William III's government decided to publish for the first time copies of all past treaties entered into by England, Rymer was appointed editor of the project. The first volume, which covered the years 1101–1273, was published in 1704. The 15th volume, covering 1543–86, appeared in 1713, the year of Rymer's death. His successor brought out a further five volumes. Despite its deficiencies, the work, whose short title is Foedera (“Treaties”), is a considerable and valuable achievement.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Rymer, Thomas — (1643?, cerca de Northallerton, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–14 dic. 1713, Londres). Crítico inglés. Aunque se recibió de abogado en 1673, Rymer se dedicó casi de inmediato a la crítica literaria británica. Se lo conoce por haber introducido en… … Enciclopedia Universal
RYMER, THOMAS — the learned editor of the Foedera, an invaluable collection of historical documents dealing with England s relations with foreign powers, born at Northallerton; was a Cambridge man and a barrister; turned to literature and wrote much both in… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Rymer, Thomas — (1641 1713) Archæologist and critic, ed. at Camb., became a barrister at Gray s Inn. He pub. in 1678 Tragedies of the last Age Considered, in which he passed judgments, very unfavourable, upon their authors, including Shakespeare. He was of… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas … Enciclopedia Universal
Rymer — Rymer, Thomas, zu Ende des 17. Jahrh., war königlich britischer Historiograph u. sammelte aus dem königlichen Archiv geschichtliche Actenstücke: Foedera, 15 Bde. Fol. Berüchtigt hat er sich gemacht durch seinen Tadel Shakespeares als Tragiker in… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Thomas the Rhymer — Not to be confused with Thomas Rymer, a 17th century English historian. Thomas Learmont (c. 1220 [ [http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE54 SID= iPin=EML0198 SingleRecord=True Facts On File Online Databases ] ] – c. 1298; [… … Wikipedia
Thomas — /tom euhs/ for 1, 2, 4 14; /taw mah / for 3, n. 1. an apostle who demanded proof of Christ s Resurrection. John 20:24 29. 2. Augustus, 1857 1934, U.S. playwright, journalist, and actor. 3. (Charles Louis) Ambroise /shannrddl lwee ahonn brddwannz… … Universalium
Thomas Rymer — (vers 1643 1713) fut un historien anglais. Né dans Yorkshire, il fut nommé historiographe de la couronne en 1692, et fit d immenses recherches dans les archives de la Tour de Londres. Il en tira un recueil de pièces en 16 volumes appelé Foedera,… … Wikipédia en Français
Rymer — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Józef Rymer (1882–1922), polnischer Politiker Thomas Rymer (1641–1713), englischer Literaturkritiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas le Rhymer — (aussi appelé Thomas Rhymer ou Thomas Rymer), de son vrai nom Thomas Learmonth d Erceldoune, est un devin et un poète écossais du XIIIe siècle. Thomas est né à Erceldoune (actuellement, Earlston), sur la frontière écossaise. Il a la… … Wikipédia en Français