born Aug. 19, 1900, Brighton, Sussex, Eng.died Oct. 6, 1976, Whitby, North YorkshireBritish philosopher, leading figure in the "ordinary language," or "Oxford" school of analytic philosophy.He became a lecturer in philosophy at Christ Church College in 1924. He was Waynflete professor of metaphysical philosophy at Oxford from 1945 to 1968 and editor of Mind from 1948 to 1971. His major work, The Concept of Mind (1949), rejects Cartesian dualism as the logically incoherent doctrine of the "ghost in the machine" and argues for a "logical behaviourism" according to which attributions of mental states need refer only to the behaviour of bodies and not to any mysterious entity hidden inside them. His other works include Philosophical Arguments (1945), Dilemmas (1954), A Rational Animal (1962), Plato's Progress (1966), and The Thinking of Thoughts (1968).
* * *▪ British philosopherborn Aug. 19, 1900, Brighton, Sussex, Eng.died Oct. 6, 1976, Whitby, North YorkshireBritish philosopher, leading figure in the “Oxford philosophy,” or “ordinary language,” movement.Ryle gained first-class honours at Queen's College, Oxford, and became a lecturer at Christ Church College in 1924. Throughout his career, which remained centred at Oxford, he attempted—as Waynflete professor of metaphysical philosophy (1945–68), in his writings, and as editor (1948–71) of the journal Mind—to dissipate confusion arising from the misapplication of language.Ryle's first book, The Concept of Mind (1949), is considered a modern classic. In it he challenges the traditional distinction between body and mind as delineated by René Descartes. Traditional Cartesian dualism, Ryle says, perpetrates a serious confusion when, looking beyond the human body (which exists in space and is subject to mechanical laws), it views the mind as an additional mysterious thing not subject to observation or to mechanical laws, rather than as the form or organizing principle of the body. What Ryle deems to be logically incoherent dogma of Cartesianism he labels as the doctrine of the ghost-in-the-machine.In Dilemmas (1954) Ryle analyzes propositions that appear irreconcilable, as when free will is set in opposition to the fatalistic view that future specific events are inevitable. He believed that the dilemmas posed by these seemingly contradictory propositions could be resolved only by viewing them as the result of conceptual confusion between the language of logic and the language of events.Among his other well-known books are Philosophical Arguments (1945), A Rational Animal (1962), Plato's Progress (1966), and The Thinking of Thoughts (1968).
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Ryle, Gilbert — b. 1900, Brighton; d. 1976 Philosopher Gilbert Ryle was an exponent of analytic behaviourism, the theory that statements about mind can be translated, without loss of meaning, into statements about actual or possible behaviours. He held… … Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture
Ryle, Gilbert — (1900–1976) English philosopher and classicist. Ryle was born in Brighton, educated at Oxford, and after teaching from 1924 to 1945 at Christ Church, became professor at Oxford. His earliest interests were in the phenomenological tradition of… … Philosophy dictionary
Ryle, Gilbert — (19 ago. 1900, Brighton, Sussex, Inglaterra–6 oct. 1976, Whitby, North Yorkshire). Filósofo británico, figura principal de la escuela del lenguaje ordinario o escuela de Oxford de filosofía analítica. En 1924 fue nombrado profesor de filosofía en … Enciclopedia Universal
Ryle — Ryle, Gilbert … Philosophy dictionary
Ryle — Gilbert Ryle Gilbert Ryle (1900–1976), philosophe anglais né à Brighton. Il est l un des plus grands représentants de l école philosophique d Oxford. Il est surtout connu pour son œuvre majeure, The Concept of Mind publiée en 1949, qui est tenue… … Wikipédia en Français
RYLE (G.) — RYLE GILBERT (1900 1976) Le philosophe anglais Gilbert Ryle fit ses études de philosophie à Oxford, fut nommé lecteur en 1924 et, en 1925, tuteur (tutor ) à Christ Church College. De 1945 à 1968, il est «Waynflete professor of metaphysical… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Gilbert Ryle — (Brighton, 19 de agosto de 1900 – Oxford, 6 de octubre de 1976) fue un filósofo, representante de la escuela filosófica de Oxford. Se le considera uno de los miembros destacados de la llamada escuela analítica. La tesis central de la filosofía… … Wikipedia Español
Gilbert Ryle — Infobox Philosopher region = Western Philosophers era = 20th century philosophy color = #B0C4DE image caption = name = Gilbert Ryle birth = 19 August 1900 death = death date and age|1976|10|6|1900|8|19|df=y school tradition = Analytic main… … Wikipedia
Gilbert Ryle — Pour l’article homonyme, voir Martin Ryle. Demande de traduction … Wikipédia en Français
Gilbert — (De W. Gilbert, físico inglés.) ► sustantivo masculino FÍSICA Denominación del gilbertio en la nomenclatura internacional. * * * gilbert. (Del ingl. gilbert, y este de W. Gilbert, 1544 1603, físico inglés). m. Fís. Unidad de fuerza magnetomotriz… … Enciclopedia Universal