born Nov. 20, 1855, Grass Valley, Calif., U.S.died Sept. 14, 1916, Cambridge, Mass.U.S. philosopher.He studied under William James and Charles Sanders Peirce at Johns Hopkins University. After teaching English at the University of California for four years, he accepted a position at Harvard University (1882), where he remained until his death. An absolute idealist in the Hegelian tradition, he stressed the unity of human thought with the external world. His idealism also extended to religion, the basis of which he conceived to be human loyalty. In his words, the highest good would be achieved by "the willing and practical and thoroughgoing devotion of a person to a cause." A diverse thinker, he also made contributions to psychology, social ethics, literary criticism, history, and metaphysics. His many books include The Religious Aspect of Philosophy (1885), The Spirit of Modern Philosophy (1892), Studies of Good and Evil (1898), The World and the Individual (1900–01), and The Philosophy of Loyalty (1908). His emphasis on individuality and will over intellect strongly influenced 20th-century American philosophy.
* * *▪ American philosopherborn Nov. 20, 1855, Grass Valley, Calif., U.S.died Sept. 14, 1916, Cambridge, Mass.versatile Idealist philosopher and teacher whose emphasis on individuality and will, rather than intellect, strongly influenced 20th-century philosophy in the United States.As an engineering student at the University of California, Royce encountered the teachings of the geologist Joseph LeConte and the poet Edward Rowland Sill, and upon his graduation in 1875 he turned to philosophy. After studies in Germany, he returned to study in the United States under the philosophers William James and Charles Sanders Peirce at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. He taught English for four years at the University of California before beginning his teaching career at Harvard University, where James found him a position. He remained at Harvard for the rest of his career, eventually succeeding George Herbert Palmer as Alford professor (1914).Considering himself an absolute (Absolute Idealism) Idealist and borrowing from the works of Hegel, Royce stressed the unity of human thought with the external world. His doctrines were centred on his view of absolute truth, and he declared that everyone must be in agreement with his assertion that such a truth exists, because even those skeptics who would deny this truth automatically affirm it. To deny absolute truth would be to affirm that some “truthful” statements are possible, and thus the skeptic is caught in a self-contradictory attitude toward the possible existence of “truth.”Royce's Idealism also extended to religion, the basis of which he conceived to be human loyalty. This “religion of loyalty” was supplemented by an ethical system that showed his emphasis on the human will. In his words, the highest good would be achieved by “the willing and practical and thoroughgoing devotion of a person to a cause.” Like the British Idealist F.H. Bradley, whose views resembled his own, Royce enhanced the reputation of European Idealists in his own country. Both men taught a monistic Idealism and helped raise the intellectual standards for philosophical treatment of human problems.Royce's contributions to psychology, social ethics, literary criticism, history, and metaphysics established him as a thinker of widely diverse talents. Among the numerous books and articles he wrote are The Religious Aspect of Philosophy (1885); The Spirit of Modern Philosophy (1892); Studies of Good and Evil (1898); The World and the Individual (Gifford Lectures, vol. I and II, 1900–01); and The Philosophy of Loyalty (1908). The Review of International Philosophy (1967), nos. 1 and 2, were dedicated to Royce and contain an extensive bibliography.Additional ReadingVincent Buranelli, Josiah Royce (1964); Bruce Kuklick, Josiah Royce: An Intellectual Biography (1972, reprinted 1985).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Royce, Josiah — (1855–1916) The leading American absolute idealist . Royce studied under Lotze in Germany, and taught at Harvard from 1892. He was a friend of James, and probably represents much of what James was rejecting in his pragmatism . Royce s works… … Philosophy dictionary
Royce, Josiah — (20 nov. 1855, Grass Valley, Cal., EE.UU.–14 sept. 1916, Cambridge, Mass.). Filósofo estadounidense. Estudió con William James y Charles Sanders Peirce en la Universidad de Johns Hopkins. Después de enseñar inglés en la Universidad de California… … Enciclopedia Universal
Ройс Джозия / Royce, Josiah — (1855 1916). Ройс учил, что истина может быть доказана, что абсолютный разум существует, и что люди способны постичь истину … Психологическая энциклопедия
Josiah Royce — (November 20, 1855, Grass Valley, California. ndash; September 14, 1916, Cambridge, Massachusetts) was an American objective idealist philosopher.LifeClendenning (1999) is the standard biography. Autobiographical remarks by Royce can be found at… … Wikipedia
ROYCE (J.) — ROYCE JOSIAH (1855 1916) S’inscrivant, avec Francis Herbert Bradley et Bernard Bosanquet dans la ligne de l’«idéalisme» hégélien étiquette que les intéressés récusent néanmoins , Josiah Royce reprend, pour l’essentiel de son apport philosophique … Encyclopédie Universelle
Royce — is a surname, and may refer to:* Ed Royce, Republican Member of Congress from California * Henry Royce, cofounder with Charles Stewart Rolls of the Rolls Royce automobile company * Homer Elihu Royce * Josiah Royce, philosopher * Kenneth W. Royce… … Wikipedia
Josiah — /joh suy euh/, n. 1. Also, Douay Bible, Josias /joh suy euhs/. a king of Judah, reigned 640? 609? B.C. II Kings 22. 2. a male given name. [ Heb Yoshiyah God upholds] * * * I born с 640 BC died 609 BC King of Judah and religious reformer. He… … Universalium
Royce — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Henry Royce (1863 1933), mécanicien britannique, fondateur, avec Charles Rolls, de la marque automobile Rolls Royce ; Josiah Royce (1855… … Wikipédia en Français
Josiah — (as used in expressions) Brewer, David J(osiah) Gibbs, J(osiah) Willard Gorgas, Josiah Royce, Josiah Wedgwood, Josiah Winslow, Josiah … Enciclopedia Universal
Josiah Royce — (20 de noviembre de 1855, Grass Valley, California. – 14 de septiembre de 1916, Cambridge) fue un filósofo idealista objetivo estadounidense. Contenido 1 Vida 2 Ideas 3 Referencias … Wikipedia Español