Rostov-na-Donu

English Rostov-on-Don

City (pop., 2001 est.: 997,800), southern Russia in Europe.

Located on the Don River about 30 mi (50 km) from the Sea of Azov, it was founded as a customs post in 1749. It was fortified soon after, and, because of its key position as a transport centre and port, it grew steadily with the 19th-century Russian colonization. Occupied by the Germans in World War II, it suffered extensive damage but was rebuilt after the war. It is a transportation and industrial centre. The city's nodal location and the proximity of the Donets Basin have led to major industrial development, especially in engineering.

* * *

Russia
English  Rostov-on-Don 
 city and administrative centre of Rostov oblast (province), southwestern Russia. It lies along the lower Don River, 30 miles (50 km) above the latter's mouth on the Sea of Azov. It was founded in 1749 as the customs post of Temernika, when the river mouth was still in Turkish hands; it then became a flourishing trade centre. Between 1761 and 1763 the fortress of St. Dmitry of Rostov was built there, and a town developed around it, near the Armenian settlement of Nakhichevan-na-Donu, which later merged with Rostov. In 1797 town status was granted, and in 1806 it was named Rostov-na-Donu. Because of its key position as a transport centre and port, the town grew steadily with the 19th-century Russian colonization and development of the north Caucasus region and conquest of the Transcaucasia.

      These functions remain of great importance. The Don River route to the interior was improved by the opening of the Volga-Don Shipping Canal in 1952, linking the town to the entire Volga basin; a dredged channel gives access to the sea. Rostov lies on road, rail, and oil and natural-gas pipeline connections between central European Russia and the Caucasus region. This nodal location and the nearness of the great Donets Coal Basin have led to major industrial development, especially in engineering. Two huge plants make Rostov the largest producer of agricultural machinery in Russia. Other engineering products include ball bearings, electrical and heating equipment, wire, self-propelled barges, road-construction equipment, and industrial machinery. There are ship and locomotive repair yards and a range of consumer-goods industries. Rostov State University was founded in 1917, and there are numerous other institutions of higher education and scientific-research. Pop. (2002) 1,068,267; (2006 est.) 1,054,865.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rostov-na-Donu — Original name in latin Rostov na Donu Name in other language Don umbalne Rostov, Dondaguy Rostov, Doni Rostov, Donyn Rostov, Gorad Rastou na Done, ROV, Rostof aan die Don, Rostoph ston Nton, Rostov, Rostov Don, Rostov Donal, Rostov Doni aeaeres,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Rostov-na-Donu — Sp Rostòvas prie Dòno Ap Ростов на Дону/Rostov na Donu L RF Rostovo sr. centras …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Rostov-na-Donu — noun A large city in the south of Russia, administrative centre of Rostov oblast. Often abbreviated Rostov Syn: Rostov on Don, Rostov on the Don, Rostov, Yaroslavl, oblast …   Wiktionary

  • Rostov na Donu — noun a seaport on the Don River near the Sea of Azov in the European part of Russia • Syn: ↑Rostov, ↑Rostov on Don • Instance Hypernyms: ↑city, ↑metropolis, ↑urban center, ↑port • Part Holonyms …   Useful english dictionary

  • Rostov-na-Donu — geographical name see Rostov on Don …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Rostov-na-Donu — ► C. del SO de Rusia, cap. de la prov. de Rostov, a orillas del río Don; 1 027 600 h. Puerto fluvial …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lokomotiv Rostov na Donu — Lokomotiv Rostov sur le Don Lokomotiv Rostov Club fondé en 2003 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SKA Rostov-na-Donu — FK SKA Rostov SKA Rostov Club fondé en 1938 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rostov del Don — (en ruso Pостов на Дону Rostóv na Donú) es una ciudad de Rusia. Es la capital de la región de Rostov Oblast (en el sur oeste de la Rusia europea). Su población es de 1.012.300 habitantes en 2003, y se encuentra en la siguiente posición: ● 47º14 N …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rostov del Don — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pостов на Дону Rostov del Don Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.