- born Nov. 8, 1884, Zürich, Switz.died April 2, 1922, HerisauSwiss psychiatrist.The eldest son of an art teacher, he was given the nickname Kleck, meaning "inkblot," as a schoolboy because of his interest in sketching. After receiving his M.D. from the University of Zürich in 1912, he became a practitioner of psychoanalysis and became vice president of the Swiss Psychoanalytic Society in 1919. He devised the Rorschach test to gauge the perceptions, intelligence, and emotional traits of his patients and used it to gather the data that he summarized in Psychodiagnostics (1921).
* * *▪ Swiss psychiatristborn November 8, 1884, Zürich, Switzerlanddied April 2, 1922, HerisauSwiss psychiatrist who devised the inkblot test that bears his name and that was widely used clinically for diagnosing psychopathology.The eldest son of an art teacher, Rorschach considered becoming an artist but chose medicine instead. As a secondary school student, he was nicknamed Kleck, meaning “inkblot,” because of his interest in sketching. He attended several universities before receiving his M.D. from the University of Zürich in 1912. Then he worked in Russia for a year before returning to Switzerland to practice. For several years his main interest was psychoanalysis, and he became a staunch advocate of the then new psychoanalytic technique in Swiss medical circles. He was elected vice president of the Swiss Psychoanalytic Society in 1919.In 1917 Rorschach discovered the work of Szyman Hens, who had studied the fantasies of his subjects using inkblot cards. In 1918 Rorschach began his own experiments with 15 accidental inkblots, showing the blots to patients and asking them, “What might this be?” Their subjective responses enabled him to distinguish among his subjects on the basis of their perceptive abilities, intelligence, and emotional characteristics. The Rorschach Test is based on the human tendency to project interpretations and feelings onto ambiguous stimuli—in this case, inkblots. From these cues, trained observers are supposed to be able to pinpoint deeper personality traits and impulses in the person taking the test.Rorschach published the results of his studies on 300 mental patients and 100 others in Psychodiagnostik (1921; Psychodiagnostics). The book attracted little attention before Rorschach died the next year, but his method was later widely adopted as a tool for psychological evaluation and diagnosis. The test is controversial, in part because the interpretation of results can be highly subjective.
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Rorschach, Hermann — ► (1884 1922) Psiquiatra suizo. Es conocido por la creación del mejor método proyectivo de psicodiagnóstico (1921). * * * (8 nov. 1884, Zurich, Suiza–2 abr. 1922, Herisau). Psiquiatra suizo. Hijo mayor de un profesor de arte, recibió en la… … Enciclopedia Universal
Роршах Герман / Rorschach, Hermann — (1884 1922). Роршах распространил методику чернильных пятен на область оценки целостной личности … Психологическая энциклопедия
Hermann Rorschach — Nacimiento 8 de noviembre de 1884 … Wikipedia Español
rorschach — (Hermann) (1884 1922) neuropsychiatre suisse. Le test de Rorschach repose sur l interprétation de taches d encre. rorschach [ʀɔʀʃaʃ; ʀoʀʃax] n. m. ÉTYM. 1952, Porot, art. Tests de personnalité; n. propre de Hermann Rorschach, psychiatre suisse. ❖ … Encyclopédie Universelle
Hermann — Hermann, Ludimar * * * (as used in expressions) Boerhaave, Hermann Hermann Wilhelm Brandt Broch, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Hermann Fischer, Emil (Hermann) Ford Hermann Hueffer Göring, Hermann Hermann Goering Haitink, Bernard (Johann Hermann) Helmholtz … Enciclopedia Universal
Rorschach — Rorschach, Hermann Rorschach, test de … Enciclopedia Universal
Hermann Rorschach — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = 8 November 1884 birth place = Zurich death date = 2 April 1922 death place = Herisau residence = |citizenship = nationality = Swiss ethnicity = field … Wikipedia
Rorschach-Test — Der Rorschach Test (vulgo Tintenkleckstest, eigentlich: Rorschach Formdeuteversuch) ist ein psychodiagnostisches Testverfahren, für das Hermann Rorschach eine eigene Persönlichkeitstheorie entwickelte und das später mit den Theorien der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hermann Rorschach — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rorschach. Hermann Rorschach (Zurich, 8 novembre 1884 Herisau, 2 avril 1922) est un psychiatre suisse, célèbre pour avoir mis au point le test qui porte son nom. Sommaire 1 … Wikipédia en Français
Rorschach test — /rawr shahk, rohr /, Psychol. a test for revealing the underlying personality structure of an individual by the use of a standard series of 10 inkblot designs to which the subject responds by telling what image or emotion each design evokes.… … Universalium