Rommel, Erwin (Johannes Eugen)

born Nov. 15, 1891, Heidenheim an der Brentz, Württemberg, Ger.
died Oct. 14, 1944, Herrlingen, near Ulm

German army commander in World War II.

A teacher at military academies, he wrote the acclaimed textbook Infantry Attacks (1937). He commanded a panzer division in the invasion of France (1940), then led his Afrika Korps troops in early successes against the Allies in the North Africa Campaign. He became known as the "Desert Fox" for his audacious surprise attacks, and he was promoted to field marshal. In 1942 he was ordered to attack Cairo and the Suez Canal, despite his request to withdraw his exhausted troops. After his defeat in the Battles of El Alamein and retreat into Tunisia, he returned to Germany and in 1944 was given command of the defense of the northwestern French coast. His tactical suggestions were ignored, and after the Allied Normandy Campaign began, he became convinced that the war could not be won. Implicated in the July Plot to kill Adolf Hitler, he was ordered to take poison so that Hitler could avoid a trial of the esteemed "people's marshal."

Erwin Rommel, 1941.

Ullstein Bilderdienst, Berlin

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rommel, Erwin (Johannes Eugen) — (15 nov. 1891, Heidenheim an der Brentz, Württemberg, Alemania–14 oct. 1944, Herrlingen, cerca de Ulm). Comandante del ejército alemán en la segunda guerra mundial. Profesor de academias militares, escribió el aclamado libro de texto Ataques de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rommel, Erwin — ▪ German field marshal Introduction in full  Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel , byname  the Desert Fox , German  der Wüstenfuchs  born November 15, 1891, Heidenheim, Germany died October 14, 1944, Herrlingen, near Ulm  German field marshal who became… …   Universalium

  • Erwin Rommel — Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel …   Wikipedia Español

  • Erwin Rommel — Infobox Military Person name= Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel born=birth date|1891|11|15|df=y died=dda|1944|10|14|1891|11|15|df=y placeofbirth=Heidenheim, Kingdom of Württemberg German Empire placeofdeath=Herrlingen, Germany caption=Field Marshal… …   Wikipedia

  • johannes — /joh han eez, is/, n., pl. johannes. a gold coin formerly used as currency in Portugal, first issued in the early 18th century. Also, joannes. [1750 60, Amer.; after the name Joannes (John V, of Portugal) in the coin s legend. See JOHN] * * * (as …   Universalium

  • Johannes — /yoh hah nis, han is/, n. a male given name, form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Berg Alban Maria Johannes Brahms Johannes Brinkman Johannes Andreas Johannes Scotus Eriugena Ewald Johannes Fibiger Johannes Andreas Grib Johannes Frobenius …   Universalium

  • Johannes — (as used in expressions) Berg, Alban (Maria Johannes) Brahms, Johannes Brinkman, Johannes Andreas Johannes Scotus Eriugena Ewald, Johannes Fibiger, Johannes Andreas Grib Johannes Frobenius Gutenberg, Johannes (Gensfleisch zur Laden zum) Jensen,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eugen — (as used in expressions) Bleuler Eugen Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht Heydrich Reinhard Tristan Eugen Eugen Ionescu Janácek Leos Eugen Rommel Erwin Johannes Eugen * * * …   Universalium

  • Eugen — (as used in expressions) Bleuler, Eugen Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht Heydrich, Reinhard (Tristan Eugen) Eugen Ionescu Janácek, Leos (Eugen) Rommel, Erwin (Johannes Eugen) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Erwin — /err win/, n. a male given name: from Old English words meaning boar and friend. * * * (as used in expressions) McClung Clarence Erwin Panofsky Erwin Rommel Erwin Johannes Eugen Schrödinger Erwin * * * …   Universalium

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