Rollins, Sonny

orig. Theodore Walter Rollins

born Sept. 7, 1930, New York, N.Y., U.S.

U.S. jazz saxophonist and composer.

Rollins was inspired by Coleman Hawkins and Charlie Parker and performed with many musicians in the late 1940s, including Miles Davis. A member of the Clifford Brown–Max Roach quintet in 1955–57, he later formed his own groups. Rollins's robust tone and technical dexterity are matched with athletic endurance in the service of the logical evolution of ideas in his solos.

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▪ American musician
byname  Newk,  original name  Theodore Walter Rollins 
born Sept. 7, 1930, New York, N.Y., U.S.
 
 American jazz musician, a tenor saxophonist who was among the finest improvisers on the instrument to appear since the mid-1950s.

      Rollins grew up in a neighbourhood where Thelonious Monk (Monk, Thelonious), Coleman Hawkins (Hawkins, Coleman) (his early idol), and Bud Powell (Powell, Bud) were playing. After recording with the latter in 1949, Rollins began recording with Miles Davis (Davis, Miles) in 1951. During the next three years he composed three of his best-known tunes, “Oleo,” “Doxy,” and “Airegin,” and continued to work with Davis, Charlie Parker (Parker, Charlie), and others. Following his withdrawal from music in 1954 to cure a heroin addiction, Rollins reemerged with the Clifford Brown (Brown, Clifford)–Max Roach (Roach, Max) quintet in 1955, and the next four years proved to be his most fertile.

      Beginning with a style drawn primarily from Parker, Rollins became a master of intelligent and provocative spontaneity that was combined with an excellent command of the tenor sax. The clarity of thought evident in his improvisations stands out in jazz history. Rollins displayed an interest in unaccompanied saxophone improvisation and gross manipulations of tone colour long before such techniques became common in modern jazz. He was also one of the first to successfully improvise when alternately ignoring tempo and swinging within a single solo while his accompanists adhered to a preset tempo and chord progression. In these respects he was particularly influential with avant-garde saxophonists of the 1960s and '70s.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ROLLINS (SONNY) — ROLLINS THEODORE WALTER dit SONNY (1929 ) Au début des années 1950, alors qu’une majorité de saxophonistes ténors s’inspiraient de Lester Young, Sonny Rollins remit à l’honneur la sonorité volumineuse et les puissantes architectures chères à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rollins, Sonny — orig. Theodore Walter Rollins (n. 7 sep. 1930, Nueva York, EE.UU.). Compositor y saxofonista de jazz estadounidense. Rollins recibió el influjo de Coleman Hawkins y Charlie Parker y a fines de la década de 1940 tocó con muchos músicos, entre… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rollins, Sonny — soprannome di Rollins, Theodore Walter …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Sonny Rollins — bei Jazz à Juan, 2005 Sonny Rollins (* 7. September 1930 in New York City, eigentlich Theodore Walter Rollins) ist ein amerikanischer Tenor Saxophonist und Komponist des Hardbop. Sonny Rollins ist einer der einflussreichsten Jazz Saxophonisten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sonny Rollins, Vol. 1 — Album par Sonny Rollins Sortie 1957 Enregistrement 16 décembre 1956 Durée 40:49 Genre Jazz (Hard Bop) Producteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sonny Boy (album) — Sonny Boy Album par Sonny Rollins Sortie 1956 Enregistrement 5 octobre, 7 décembre 1956 Durée 39:01 Genre Jazz (Hard Bop) Producteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sonny Rollins and the Contemporary Leaders — Album par Sonny Rollins Sortie 1958 Enregistrement 20 et 22 octobre 1958 Durée 59:33 Genre Jazz (Hard Bop) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sonny Side Up — Album par Sonny Rollins Sortie 1957 Enregistrement 19 décembre 1957 Durée 37:37 Genre Jazz (bop) Producteur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sonny Rollins — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rollins. Sonny Rollins …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sonny Rollins Plus 4 — Album par Sonny Rollins Sortie 1956 Enregistrement 22 mars 1956 Durée 32:11 Genre Jazz, Hard bop Producteur Bob Weins …   Wikipédia en Français

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