Ricimer

orig. Flavius Ricimer

died Aug. 18, 472

Roman general.

The son of a Visigothic princess and a Germanic chieftain, he rose high in the Roman army, but he was barred from the imperial throne as a barbarian and instead became a kingmaker in the empire. He defeated the Vandals in Sicily and deposed the emperor Avitus for Majorian (457), who elevated him to consul. In 461 Ricimer deposed and executed Majorian and appointed Libius Severus as Western emperor. The Eastern emperor later made Anthemius ruler in the West, but Ricimer elevated Olybrius (472) and killed Anthemius.

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▪ Roman general
in full  Flavius Ricimer  
died Aug. 18, 472

      general who acted as kingmaker in the Western Roman Empire from 456 to 472.

      Ricimer's father was a chief of the Suebi (a Germanic people) and his mother was a Visigothic princess. Early in his military career he befriended the future emperor Majorian. After turning back an attempted Vandal invasion of Sicily at Agrigentum (modern Agrigento) in 456, Ricimer was appointed master of the soldiers. On October 17 of the same year he deposed the Western emperor Avitus after defeating him at Placentia (now Piacenza), Italy. Appointed patrician (the highest military title) on Feb. 28, 457, Ricimer elevated Majorian to the Western throne a month later and was made consul in 459. But Majorian would not allow himself to be dominated. When he returned to Italy after the disastrous failure of his campaign against the Vandals, he fell into Ricimer's hands, at Dertona (now Tortona), on Aug. 2, 461. He was deposed and executed five days later. On Nov. 19, 461, Ricimer appointed Libius Severus as Western emperor.

      During the next several years Ricimer maintained his power despite serious threats to his position from the general Aegidius and from Marcellinus, who ruled a virtually independent state in Dalmatia (in modern Croatia).

      On Aug. 15, 465, Severus died; almost two years passed before Anthemius was appointed to rule the West by the Eastern emperor Leo I. Ricimer acquiesced in the choice when it was arranged that he should marry Anthemius' daughter. But upon the total defeat of a vast expedition planned jointly by Anthemius and Leo against Vandal Africa, Anthemius incurred Ricimer's displeasure. Hence, in April 472, Ricimer elevated Olybrius to the throne and besieged Anthemius in Rome. The patrician crushed his opponent's forces outside the city and on July 11, 472, captured and beheaded him. Ricimer, however, died soon afterward.

      As an Arian Christian and a barbarian, Ricimer could not hope to have himself recognized as emperor. Instead he sought to rule through puppet emperors. He was successful throughout his ascendancy in defending Italy against the Vandals and the provinces against the Ostrogoths and the Alani.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ricimer — Ricimer, Sohn eines suevischen Anführers, wurde nach des Aëtius Ermordung röm. Oberfeldherr, nöthigte 456 den Kaiser Avitus zur Abdankung, ermordete 461 den Kaiser Majorian und setzte den Severus ein, der schon 463 st., wurde dann Schwiegersohn… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ricimer — Libius Severus auf einem As. Auf der Rückseite ist das Ricimer Monogram eingeprägt. Ricimer oder Rikimer (* um 405; † 18. August 472) war Magister militum (Heermeister) des weströmischen Reichs im 5. Jahrhundert …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ricimer — (d. 472)    Roman military leader of Germanic descent, Ricimer (in full, Flavius Ricimer) was the power behind the throne in the Western Empire from 456 until his death in 472. Although an Arian Christian and a barbarian and therefore… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Ricimer —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Richomer.  Flavius Ricimerus Pays Empire Romain d Occident Titre Patrice des Romains (456 472) Grade militaire Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ricimer — orig. Flavius Ricimer (m. 18 ago. 472). General romano. Hijo de una princesa visigoda y de un caudillo germano, ascendió a posiciones de alto rango en el ejército romano, pero se le impidió llegar al trono imperial por ser bárbaro, a cambio de lo …   Enciclopedia Universal

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