Ribbentrop, Joachim von

born April 30, 1893, Wesel, Ger.
died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg

German diplomat and foreign minister under the Nazi regime.

After serving in World War I, he became a wine merchant. He met Adolf Hitler in 1932 and became his chief adviser on foreign affairs. He negotiated the Anglo-German Naval Agreement and served as ambassador to Britain (1936–38), advising Hitler that Britain could not aid Poland effectively. As foreign minister (1938–45), he negotiated the Pact of Steel with Italy, the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact, and the Tripartite Pact with Japan and Italy. His influence waned in World War II, after which he was found guilty at the Nürnberg trials and hanged.

* * *

▪ German diplomat

born April 30, 1893, Wesel, Ger.
died Oct. 16, 1946, Nürnberg
 German diplomat, foreign minister under the Nazi regime (1933–45), and chief negotiator of the treaties with which Germany entered World War II.

      Ribbentrop was the son of an army officer in a middle-class family. After attending schools in Germany, Switzerland, France, and England, he went to Canada (1910), but he returned to Germany at the outbreak of World War I, in which he served as a hussar on the Eastern Front. He was then assigned to the German military mission in Turkey. Upon his return to Germany at the end of the war, Ribbentrop worked as a Sekt (sparkling wine) salesman until his marriage in 1920 to the daughter of a wealthy Sekt producer made him financially independent. Thereafter he persuaded a distant ennobled relative to adopt him so that he could affix “von” to his name.

      Ribbentrop met Adolf Hitler (Hitler, Adolf) in 1932 and joined the National Socialist Party the same year, becoming the führer's chief adviser on foreign affairs after the Nazi accession to power (Jan. 30, 1933). After his appointment in 1934 as Reich commissioner for disarmament at Geneva, he negotiated in June 1935 the Anglo-German Naval Agreement, which authorized German naval rearmament. In 1936 Ribbentrop became ambassador to Great Britain; by 1938, when he left his post, he had become a thorough Anglophobe. His advice to Hitler, that Britain could not aid Poland effectively, proved correct in the short run.

      In the meantime, Ribbentrop had also negotiated the Anti-Comintern Pact with Japan (1936) and, after his appointment as minister of foreign affairs in February 1938, he signed the “Pact of Steel” with Italy (May 22, 1939), linking Europe's two fascist dictatorships in an alliance in case of war. Ribbentrop's greatest diplomatic coup, however, was the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact of Aug. 23, 1939, which cleared the way for Hitler's attack on Poland on Sept. 1, 1939, thus beginning World War II.

      With the outbreak of the war, Ribbentrop's importance rapidly declined. He signed the Tripartite Pact with Japan and Italy (Sept. 27, 1940), which provided for mutual assistance against the United States, but thereafter diplomacy became a secondary concern. Ribbentrop maintained himself only through Hitler's backing. Even this support faded after some Foreign Office personnel were implicated in the plot of July 20, 1944, to assassinate Hitler.

      Ribbentrop was captured in Hamburg on June 14, 1945, tried before the International Military Tribunal at Nürnberg (Nürnberg trials), found guilty on four major counts, and hanged. While in prison he wrote Zwischen London und Moskau (1953; “Between London and Moscow”; Eng. trans. The Ribbentrop Memoirs).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • RIBBENTROP, JOACHIM VON° — (1893–1946), German Nazi leader and foreign minister (from 1938). First introduced to Hitler in 1932, Ribbentrop soon became a foreign policy advisor and was appointed ambassador to England in 1936. He returned in February 1938 to become foreign… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ribbentrop, Joachim von — ► (1893 1946) Político alemán. Políglota y cosmopolita, creó un servicio exterior, el Bureau Ribbentrop, para informar a Hitler al margen del Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores. Intervino en la constitución del eje Roma Berlín y en la firma del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ribbentrop,Joachim von — Rib·ben·trop (rĭbʹən trŏp , trôp ), Joachim von. 1893 1946. German diplomat who as minister of foreign affairs (1938 1945) helped negotiate the German Soviet Nonaggression Pact of 1939. He was convicted of war crimes at Nuremberg and hanged. * *… …   Universalium

  • Ribbentrop, Joachim von — 1893–1946    Ribbentrop became HITLER’s Foreign Minister in 1938 because he had impressed the Führer with his veneer of social graces. In fact his arrogant airs made him many enemies within Germany and abroad. CIANO, Italy’s Foreign Minister,… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Ribbentrop, Joachim von —  (1893–1946) German politician …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • RIBBENTROP (J. von) — RIBBENTROP JOACHIM VON (1893 1946) Employé de banque en Angleterre, officier allemand pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, Joachim von Ribbentrop, devient ensuite voyageur de commerce international comme représentant du champagne Pommery. Il fait …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Joachim Von Ribbentrop — Naissance 30 avril 1893 (Wesel, Rhénanie du Nord Westphalie, Allemagne) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joachim von Ribbentrop — Joachim von Ribbentrop …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joachim von Ribbentrop — als Angeklagter in Nürnberg Ullrich Friedrich Willy Joachim von Ribbentrop (* 30. April 1893 in Wesel; † 16. Oktober 1946 in Nürnberg) war ein deutscher Politiker (NSDAP). Er war von 1938 bis 1945, während der Zeit der nationalsozialistischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joachim von Ribbentrop — Joachim von Ribbentrop, en avril 1938. Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.