Ribalta, Francisco

born 1565, Castellón de la Plana, Spain
died Jan. 12, 1628, Valencia

Spanish painter.

His early works are Mannerist. After settling in Valencia in 1598, he developed a darker and more naturalistic style (e.g., his Santiago altarpiece, 1603) under the influence of Caravaggio. After 1612 he achieved originality and grandeur in such paintings as Christ Embracing St. Bernard. His later paintings, marked by powerfully modeled forms, simplicity of composition, and naturalistic lighting, anticipate the work of Diego Velázquez, Francisco Zurbarán, and José de Ribera.

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▪ Spanish painter
baptized June 2, 1565, Lérida, Spain
died Jan. 12, 1628, Valencia
 Spanish painter who was one of the first artists to be influenced by the new realism initiated by Caravaggio in Italy. Ribalta's use of light and shadow to give solidity to his forms made him the first native Spanish tenebroso (tenebrism) (a painter who emphasizes darkness rather than light), and he was a major influence on later Spanish painters.

      Ribalta probably studied under Navarrete el Mudo at El Escorial and in Madrid. Only one painting from his first period has survived, the Nailing to the Cross (1582). It is an undistinguished Mannerist (Mannerism) work. In 1598 he moved to Valencia and established a large studio under the patronage of the archbishop, Juan de Ribera. His compositions of this period, notably the Retable of Santiago in the church of Algemesí (1603, 1610), are highly imitative and mediocre. In his last period, after 1612, he achieved both originality and grandeur. Paintings such as The Singer, Christ Embracing St. Bernard (1625–27), and the Portacoeli Retable are marked by their monumental and powerfully modeled forms, simplicity of composition, and realistic lighting. These late paintings anticipate the work of Diego Velázquez (Velázquez, Diego), Francisco de Zurbarán (Zurbarán, Francisco de), and José de Ribera (Ribera, José de) later in the 17th century.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • RIBALTA (F.) — RIBALTA FRANCISCO (1564 1628) Originaire de Catalogne, Ribalta inaugure, pour ainsi dire, la peinture espagnole du XVIIe siècle. Après avoir vécu à Barcelone, Ribalta travaille à Madrid vers 1581 et s’installe définitivement en 1599 à Valence,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Francisco — francisco, a (de «franco») 1 (con mayúsc.) n. p. Nombre de persona. ⇒ Curro, Pacho, Paco, Pacorro. 2 adj. y n. Franciscano (monje). V. «en el coche de San Francisco». * * * francisco, ca. adj. Se dice del religioso de la Orden de San Francisco. U …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ribalta — Ribalta, Francisco de, span. Maler, geb. 1521 in Castellón de la Ploma, gest. 1628 in Valencia, bildete sich erst in Valencia, dann in Italien nach den großen Meistern, besonders Correggio, und wurde nach seiner Rückkehr das Haupt der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Francisco Ribalta — „Christus umarmt den Heiligen Bernhard“, von Francesc Ribalta Francesc Ribalta (span.: Francisco Ribalta) (* 2. Juni 1565 in Solsona; † 14. Januar 1628 in Valencia) war ein spanischer Maler. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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