Rennie, John

born June 7, 1761, Phantassie, East Lothian, Scot.
died Oct. 4, 1821, London, Eng.

Scottish civil engineer.

He built three bridges across the Thames at London: Waterloo Bridge (since replaced), the old Southwark Bridge (1814–19), and the New London Bridge (completed 1831 and since replaced). He worked on extensive drainage projects in the Lincolnshire fens; built the London and East India docks on the Thames; improved naval dockyards at Plymouth, Portsmouth, Chatham, and Sheerness; and began the great breakwater that shelters Plymouth Sound.

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▪ Scottish civil engineer
born June 7, 1761, Phantassie, East Lothian, Scotland
died October 4, 1821, London, England

      Scottish civil engineer who built or improved canals, docks, harbours, and bridges throughout Britain. Three of his spans were built across the River Thames at London.

      Rennie began his career as a millwright, and his first major work was designing the machinery for Matthew Boulton (Boulton, Matthew) and James Watt (Watt, James)'s project at the Albion Flour Mills in London. Rennie greatly extended the use of iron for gears and other parts of machinery.

      In the 1790s Rennie began work on the Kennet and Avon Canal in Wiltshire and canals in Rochdale, Lancaster, and elsewhere. From about 1800 he worked on extensive drainage projects in the Lincolnshire fens; constructed or improved harbours, including Wick, Grimsby, Holyhead, and Hull; built the London and East and West India docks (London Docklands) on the Thames; improved naval dockyards at Plymouth, Portsmouth, Chatham, and Sheerness; and began the breakwater that shelters Plymouth Sound.

      Rennie is best known, however, for his London bridges: Waterloo Bridge (1811–17; replaced 1937–45), composed of masonry arches; Southwark Bridge (1814–19; replaced 1912–21), composed of three cast-iron arches; and the New London Bridge (London Bridge) (opened in 1831 and moved more than 130 years later to Lake Havasu City, Arizona, U.S.), made of multiple masonry arches.

      After Rennie's death his sons took over his business. George, the elder, ran the mechanical engineering side, and John (later Sir John) ran the civil engineering side, including the completion of London Bridge and the Plymouth breakwater.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rennie, John — SUBJECT AREA: Canals, Civil engineering [br] b. 7 June 1761 Phantassie, East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland d. 4 October 1821 Stamford Street, London, England [br] Scottish civil engineer. [br] Born into a prosperous farming family, he early… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Rennie, John — (7 jun. 1761, Phantassie, East Lothian, Escocia–4 oct. 1821, Londres, Inglaterra). Ingeniero civil escocés. Construyó tres puentes sobre el Támesis en Londres: el puente Waterloo (después reemplazado), el antiguo puente Southwark (1814–19) y el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • RENNIE, JOHN —    civil engineer, born in East Linton, East Lothian; employed by the firm of Messrs. Boulton & Watt at Soho, Birmingham, and entrusted by them to direct in the construction of the Albion Mills, London, he became at once famous for his… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • John Rennie the Elder — John Rennie (7 June 1761 at Phantassie , near East Linton, East Lothian, Scotland 4 October 1821), a farmer s younger son, was a Scottish civil engineer who designed many bridges, canals, and docks.Early yearsRennie showed a taste for mechanics… …   Wikipedia

  • Rennie — Rennie, John, Schotte, geb. 1761, gest. 1822 zu London, berühmter Baumeister; seine Hauptwerke sind: der Kennet u. Avonkanal, der Hafendamm von Plymouth, die Ankerschmiede in Portsmouth, zu London die Waterloo und Southwarkbrücke …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • John Rennie the Younger — Infobox Engineer image width = 150px caption = PAGENAME name = John Rennie nationality = English birth date = 30 August 1794 birth place = Southwark, London death date = Death date and age|1874|9|3|1794|8|30|df=y death place = Bengeo,… …   Wikipedia

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

  • John Rennie — may refer to:People* John Rennie the Elder (1761 ndash;1821), engineer (factories, canals, design of London Bridge) * Sir John Rennie the Younger (1794 ndash;1874), engineer (rail lines, completion of London Bridge) * John Rennie (naval… …   Wikipedia

  • Rennie — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Callum Keith Rennie (* 1960), kanadischer Schauspieler Ernest Amelius Rennie (1868–1935), britischer Diplomat George Rennie (1802–1860), Bildhauer, Politiker und Gouverneur der Falkland Inseln John Rennie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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