Reiner, Fritz

born Dec. 19, 1888, Budapest, Austria-Hungary
died Nov. 15, 1963, New York, N.Y., U.S.

Hungarian-born U.S. conductor.

After piano studies with Béla Bartók, he conducted opera in Budapest (1911–14) and Dresden (1914–22). In 1922 he immigrated to the U.S., where he conducted orchestras in Cincinnati (1922–31) and Pittsburgh (1938–48). From 1953 to 1962 he led the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, which under Reiner first won international acclaim. He also taught conducting at the Curtis Institute (Leonard Bernstein was among his students). A stern taskmaster, he inspired devotion on the part of many players.

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▪ Hungarian-American conductor
born Dec. 19, 1888, Budapest, Austria-Hungary [now in Hungary]
died Nov. 15, 1963, New York, N.Y., U.S.

      Hungarian-born American conductor known for his technical precision and control, both in symphonic music and in opera. He was especially known for his work with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, of which he was music director from 1953 to 1962.

      Reiner studied at the Budapest Royal Academy of Music, was associated with various small European opera houses, and (1914–21) was conductor of the Dresden Royal Opera. He went to the United States as principal conductor of the Cincinnati (Ohio) Symphony (1922–31) and from 1931 to 1941 was head of the opera and orchestral departments at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia.

      Before going to Chicago he was music director of the Pittsburgh Symphony (1938–48) and of the Metropolitan Opera (1948–53) in New York City. Despite his despotic approach to orchestras, he was respected by orchestra members for his musicianship and mastery of conducting. He especially excelled in performances of works by German Classical and Romantic composers, notably Johannes Brahms and Richard Strauss.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • REINER, FRITZ — (1888–1963), conductor. Born in Budapest, Reiner was a student at the Liszt Academy, Budapest, where he studied the piano with Bartók. He worked as répétiteur at the Vigopera, where he made his conducting début in Carmen at the age of 19. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Reiner, Fritz — (19 dic. 1888, Budapest, Austria Hungría–15 nov. 1963, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Director de orquesta estadounidense de origen húngaro. Después de estudiar piano con Béla Bartók, dirigió ópera en Budapest (1911–14) y Dresde (1914–22). En 1922… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Reiner,Fritz — Rei·ner (rīʹnər), Fritz. 1888 1963. Hungarian born American conductor who was musical director of the Pittsburgh Symphony (1938 1948), New York Metropolitan Opera (1948 1953), and Chicago Symphony (1953 1962). * * * …   Universalium

  • Fritz Reiner — (* 19. Dezember 1888 in Budapest; † 15. November 1963 in New York City) war ein amerikanischer Dirigent ungarischer Herkunft. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Reiner Benecke — (* 27. August 1949 in Cuxhaven; vollständiger Name: Reiner Fritz Benecke) ist ein deutscher Neurologe. Leben Benecke studierte von 1968 bis 1974 Medizin an der Universität Göttingen. 1974 wurde er mit der Arbeit Untersuchungen zur Wechselwirkung… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fritz Reiner — Frederick Martin “Fritz” Reiner (December 19, 1888 ndash; November 15, 1963) was a prominent conductor of opera and symphonic music in the twentieth century.BiographyReiner was born in Budapest, Hungary to a secular Jewish family that resided in… …   Wikipedia

  • fritz — /frits/, Informal. n. 1. on the fritz, not in working order: Our TV went on the fritz last night. v.i. 2. fritz out, to become inoperable. [1900 05; of obscure orig.] * * * (as used in expressions) Haber Fritz Kreisler Fritz Lang Fritz Reiner… …   Universalium

  • Fritz — /frits/, n. 1. Older Slang (sometimes offensive). a German, esp. a German soldier. 2. a male given name. [1910 15; < G; common nickname for Friedrich] * * * (as used in expressions) Haber Fritz Kreisler Fritz Lang Fritz Reiner Fritz Strassmann… …   Universalium

  • Fritz — (as used in expressions) Haber, Fritz Kreisler, Fritz Lang, Fritz Reiner, Fritz Strassmann, Fritz Thyssen, Fritz Zwicky, Fritz …   Enciclopedia Universal

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