- died Oct. 7, 1796, GlasgowScottish philosopher.He served as a Presbyterian pastor from 1737 to 1751. His lengthy studies of David Hume convinced him that Hume's skepticism was false, because it was incompatible with common sense. According to Reid, both human behaviour and ordinary language provide overwhelming evidence to support the reality of a material world and the existence of an enduring self as the subject of continuously changing mental experience. His works include An Inquiry into the Human Mind (1764), Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man (1785), and Essays on the Active Power of Man (1788).
* * *▪ Scottish philosopherborn April 26, 1710, Strachan, Kincardineshire, Scot.died Oct. 7, 1796, GlasgowScottish philosopher who rejected the skeptical Empiricism of David Hume (Hume, David) in favour of a “philosophy of common sense,” later espoused by the Scottish School.Reid studied philosophy at Marischal College, Aberdeen, before serving as Presbyterian pastor at New Machar (1737–51). A lifelong interest in Hume dated from this period. His first critique of Hume, An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense (1764), written during his tenure (1751–64) at King's College, Aberdeen, was an amplification of four previous graduation addresses (first edited by W.R. Humphries as Philosophical Orations, 1937).Lengthy studies convinced Reid that Hume's Skepticism was incompatible with common sense, for both human behaviour and the use of language provide overwhelming evidence to support such truths as the existence of a material world and the retention of personal identity in the midst of continuous change. Unable to find fault with Hume's argumentation, Reid settled on Hume's “theory of ideas” as the prime source of error. Rejecting the notion that ideas are the direct object of the mind's awareness, Reid substituted a view of perception in which sensations “suggest” material objects. For him, this ambiguous assertion solved the problem.Reid's Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man (1785) further extended his criticism of Hume's epistemology, and his Essays on the Active Power of Man (1788) defended rationalistic ethics against a current of subjectivism. Both these books influenced British philosophers of the 20th century. The Works of Thomas Reid, 2 vol., edited by William Hamilton, were published in 1846 (8th ed., 1895).Additional ReadingAlexander Campbell Fraser, Thomas Reid (1898, reissued 1993); Keith Lehrer, Thomas Reid (1989).
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Reid, Thomas — (1710 1796) A Scottish philosopher, parish minister, and astronomer, who is renowned for his criticism of David Hume (1711 1776). Reid is sometimes referred to as the first person to describe a case of metamorphopsia. Reportedly, he himself… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
Reid, Thomas — (1710–1796) Scottish philosopher of common sense. Reid was born near Aberdeen and educated at Marischal College. After a period as a Presbyterian minister, he was appointed in 1751 to King s College, Aberdeen. In 1764 he took the chair of moral… … Philosophy dictionary
Reid, Thomas — (1710 96) The progenitor of Scottish Common Sense philosophy , a form of realism, Reid launched a blistering attack on the Way of Ideas . This is a notion developed in Descartes and Locke that views mental contents as internal representations… … Christian Philosophy
Reid, Thomas — ► (1710 96) Filósofo escocés. Fundó la llamada «escuela escocesa del sentido común». Afirmó la existencia del mundo exterior y del alma, frente a las tesis de Berkeley y Hume. * * * (26 abr. 1710, Kincardineshire, Escocia–7 oct. 1796, Glasgow).… … Enciclopedia Universal
Reid, Thomas — See Enlightenment ( … History of philosophy
REID, THOMAS — Scottish philosopher, and chief of the Scottish school, born in Kincardineshire, and bred for the Scotch Church, in which he held office as a clergyman for a time; was roused to philosophical speculation by the appearance in 1730 of David Hume … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Reid, Thomas — (1710 1796) Philosopher, was the s. of the minister of Strachan, Kincardineshire, where he was b. His mother was one of the gifted family of the Gregorys. At the age of 12 he was sent to Marischal Coll., Aberdeen, where he graduated, and… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Рид Томас / Reid, Thomas — (1710 1796). Рид полагал, но что каждый «индивидуальный ум» владеет большим количеством знаний, чем использует на данный момент. Он также предложил свой вариант психологии способностей … Психологическая энциклопедия
Reid — Reid, Thomas … Enciclopedia Universal
Thomas Reid — Thomas Reid. Thomas Reid (Strachan, Kincardineshire, Escocia, 26 de abril de 1710 Glasgow, Escocia, 7 de octubre de 1796) fue un filósofo escocés contemporáneo de David Hume y fundador de la Escuela filosófica escocesa del sentido común;… … Wikipedia Español