Redon, Odilon

born April 20, 1840, Bordeaux, Fr.
died July 6, 1916, Paris

French painter, lithographer, and etcher.

He studied under Jean-Léon Gérome and learned lithography under Henri Fantin-Latour. He came to be associated with the Symbolist painters. His oils and pastels, chiefly still lifes with flowers, won him admiration as a colourist from Henri Matisse and other painters. His prints (nearly 200 in all), which explore fantastic, often macabre themes, foreshadowed Surrealism and Dada.

Odilon Redon, self-portrait, 1904; in a private collection.

Archives Photographiques, Paris

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▪ French painter
born April 20, 1840, Bordeaux, France
died July 6, 1916, Paris
 French Symbolist (Symbolist movement) painter, lithographer, and etcher of considerable poetic sensitivity and imagination, whose work developed along two divergent lines. His prints explore haunted, fantastic, often macabre themes and foreshadowed the Surrealist (Surrealism) and Dadaist (Dada) movements. His oils and pastels, chiefly still lifes with flowers, won him the admiration of Henri Matisse and other painters as an important colourist.

      Redon studied under Jean-Léon Gérôme (Gérôme, Jean-Léon); mastered engraving from Rodolphe Bresdin, who exerted an important influence; and learned lithography under Henri Fantin-Latour (Fantin-Latour, Henri). His aesthetic was one of imagination rather than visual perception. His imagination found an intellectual catalyst in his close friend, the Symbolist poet Stéphane Mallarmé (Mallarmé, Stéphane). Redon was also associated with the group of Symbolist painters.

      Redon produced nearly 200 prints, beginning in 1879 with the lithographs collectively titled In the Dream. He completed another series (1882) dedicated to Edgar Allan Poe (Poe, Edgar Allan), whose poems had been translated into French with great success by Mallarmé and Charles Baudelaire. Rather than illustrating Poe, Redon's lithographs are poems in visual terms, themselves evoking the poet's world of private torment. There is an evident link to Goya (Goya, Francisco de) in Redon's imagery of winged demons and menacing shapes, and one of his series was the Homage to Goya (1885).

 About the time of the print series The Apocalypse of St. John (1889), Redon began devoting himself to painting and colour drawing—sensitive floral studies, and heads that appear to be dreaming or lost in reverie. He developed a unique palette of powdery and pungent hues. Though there is a relationship between his work and that of the Impressionist painters, he opposed both Impressionism and Realism as wholly perceptual.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Redon, Odilon — (20 abr. 1840, Burdeos, Francia–6 jul. 1916, París). Pintor, litógrafo y aguafuertista francés. Fue alumno de Jean Léon Gérome y aprendió litografía con Henri Fantin Latour. Se vinculó con los pintores del simbolismo. Sus óleos y pasteles, en su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Redon,Odilon — Re·don (rə dŏnʹ, dôɴʹ), Odilon. 1840 1916. French artist and forerunner of surrealism whose works include eerie lithographs and floral paintings. * * * …   Universalium

  • Odilon Redon — Self Portrait, 1880, Musée d Orsay Birth name Bertrand Jean Redon Born 20 April 1840 …   Wikipedia

  • Redon — (Odilon) (1840 1916) peintre, graveur et pastelliste français. Symboliste, il chercha souvent son inspiration dans la littérature fantastique et illustra E. Poe, Baudelaire et Flaubert …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Odilon Redon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Redon.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Odile Redon. Odilon Redon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Odilon Redon — Autorretrato, 1880, Museo de Orsay. Odilon Redon (20 de abril de 1840 – 6 de julio de 1916) fue un pintor simbolista, nacido en Burdeos, Aquitania, Francia. Es considerado un pintor postimpresionista, dentro de la corriente del …   Wikipedia Español

  • Odilon Redon — Odilon Redon: Selbstporträt, 1880, Öl auf Leinwand, Musée d Orsay, Paris …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • REDON (O.) — Que l’imaginaire et le rêve soient, pour l’art, de plus d’importance que la représentation de la nature à la manière des impressionnistes, ses comtemporains, tel est le message que nous laisse Redon. Cet artiste, discret et réservé, se donnait… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Redon (Begriffsklärung) — Redon steht für: Redon, eine Stadt im französische Département Ille et Vilaine in der Bretagne, davon abgeleitet Arrondissement Redon Kanton Redon Redon (Fluss), mündet bei Séchex in den Genfersee Name des illyrischen Gotts der Wanderer und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Redon (disambiguation) — Redon may refer to: *Redon (king), a legendary king of the Britons referred to by Geoffrey of Monmouth *Redon, Ille et Vilaine, a town in Brittany, France *Odilon Redon, a Symbolist painter …   Wikipedia

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