Raymond of Peñafort, Saint
Spanish Raimundoborn с 1185, Peñafort, near Barcelonadied Jan. 6, 1275, Barcelona; canonized 1601; feast day January 7Catalan Dominican friar influential in defining church law.He studied and taught canon law at Bologna, then returned to Barcelona, where he joined the Dominicans and wrote a manual for confessors widely used in the late Middle Ages. Appointed papal chaplain by Pope Gregory IX (1230), he was commissioned to codify the papal statues and rulings on canon law; these Decretals (1234) remained part of church law until 1917. He later organized schools of Arabic and Hebrew studies in Tunis and Murcia.
* * *▪ Spanish friarCatalan Sant Ramon de Penyafortborn c. 1185, Peñafort, near Barcelonadied Jan. 6, 1275, Barcelona; canonized 1601; feast day January 7Catalan Dominican friar who compiled the Decretals (decretal) of Gregory IX, a body of medieval legislation that remained part of church law until the Code of Canon Law was promulgated in 1917.He studied canon law at Bologna and taught there from 1218 to 1221. Among his works of this period were unpublished annotations of the Decretum (Gratian's Decretum) of Gratian (flourished c. 1140; the father of the science of canon law) and an uncompleted treatise on canon law, Summa juris canonici.After his return to Barcelona in 1222, he joined the Dominican Order and wrote a manual of canon law for confessors, Summa de casibus poenitentiae (“Concerning the Cases of Penance”), one of the most widely used books of its kind during the later Middle Ages.In 1230 Pope Gregory IX called Raymond to Rome to serve as a papal chaplain to examine cases of conscience. Gregory also commissioned him to codify the papal statutes and rulings on points of canon law that had been issued since the appearance of Gratian's Decretum. Raymond's compilation of Gregory's Decretals was formally promulgated in 1234. The following year he revised and reissued his Summa de casibus, with an added part on the law of matrimony.He returned to Spain (1236) and in 1238 was elected master general of the Dominican Order. Although he resigned after only two years, he revised the constitutions of the order. The remainder of his life was devoted to various papal commissions and to missionary interests. Later he organized schools of Arabic and Hebrew studies for missionaries in Tunis and in Murcia (c. 1255), an independent Muslim kingdom in Spain. It was at his request that St. Thomas Aquinas wrote the Summa contra gentiles, a theological exposition against the heathens.Additional ReadingThomas M. Schwertner, Saint Raymond of Pennafort of the Order of Friars Preachers, rev. and ed. by C.M. Antony (Catherine Mary Antony Woodcock) (1935).
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Raymond of Peñafort, Saint — • Born near Barcelona, Raymond was an able canon lawyer who joined the Dominicans. He died in 1275 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Raymond de Peñafort — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Raymond. Raymond de Peñafort Saint Raymond de Peñafort ou Penyafort en catalan, né à Vilafranca del Penedès, près de … Wikipédia en Français
Raymond De Penafort — Raymond de Peñafort Saint Raymond de Peñafort ou Penyafort en catalan, né à Villafranca de Benades, près de Barcelone, entre 1175 (ce qui le fait mourir centenaire) et 1180, et mort en 1275, est un frère prêcheur (dominicain). Il est surtout… … Wikipédia en Français
RAYMOND DE PEÑAFORT — RAYMOND ou RAIMOND DE PEÑAFORT saint (1180 env. 1275) Né entre 1175 et 1185 à Villafranca del Panadés, près de Barcelone, Raymond fit ses études à la cathédrale de Barcelone, où il enseigna ensuite la rhétorique et la logique. En 1210, il partit… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Raymond of Peñafort — Infobox Saint name= Saint Raymond of Peñafort birth date=c. 1175 death date=1275 feast day= January 7 January 23 (General Roman Calendar, 1671 1969) venerated in= Roman Catholic Church imagesize= 200px caption= birth place=Vilafranca del Penedès … Wikipedia
Raymond of Peñafort — (c. 1185–1275) Canon Lawyer, Order Founder and Saint. Raymond was born near Barcelona, Spain. He taught first at the Barcelona Cathedral School and later at the University of Bologna. In 1222 he joined the Dominican Order and then, with… … Who’s Who in Christianity
St. Raymond of Penafort — St. Raymond of Peñafort † Catholic Encyclopedia ► St. Raymond of Peñafort Born at Villafranca de Benadis, near Barcelona, in 1175; died at Barcelona, 6 January, 1275. He became professor of canon law in 1195, and taught for fifteen… … Catholic encyclopedia
Raymond — /ray meuhnd/, n. 1. Henry Jarvis /jahr vis/, 1820 69, U.S. publicist: founder of The New York Times. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning counsel and protection. * * * (as used in expressions) Aron Raymond Claude Ferdinand Raymond… … Universalium
Saint — 1347 80, Italian ascetic and mystic. died A.D. 731, pope 715 731. died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337 352. died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682 683. died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847… … Universalium
saint — saintless, adj. /saynt/, n. 1. any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization. 2. a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence. 3. a founder, sponsor, or… … Universalium