born Sept. 29, 1867, Berlin, Prussiadied June 24, 1922, Berlin, Ger.German industrialist and statesman.From 1915 he headed the AEG conglomerate developed by his father, Emil Rathenau (1838–1915). In World War I he organized the conservation and distribution of raw materials for the War Ministry. In 1918 he cofounded the liberal German Democratic Party and supported cooperation with the Social Democratic Party. After serving as minister of reconstruction (1921–22), he was appointed foreign minister and negotiated the Treaty of Rapallo with the Soviet Union. Reviled by extreme nationalists as a Jew and a promoter of "creeping Communism," he was assassinated.
* * *▪ German statesmanborn September 29, 1867, Berlin, Prussia [now in Germany]died June 24, 1922, BerlinGerman-Jewish statesman, industrialist, and philosopher who organized Germany's economy on a war footing during World War I and, after the war, as minister of reconstruction and foreign minister, was instrumental in beginning reparations payments under the Treaty of Versailles (Versailles, Treaty of) obligations and in breaking Germany's diplomatic isolation.Rathenau was the son of Emil Rathenau, the founder of the immense Allgemeine-Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft (AEG (AEG AG)) combine. He studied philosophy, physics, chemistry, and engineering at Berlin and Strassburg (Strasbourg) and received his doctorate in 1889. He subsequently held a number of executive positions in German industry and, at the outbreak of World War I, headed the AEG. One of the few German industrialists who realized that governmental direction of the nation's economic resources would be necessary for victory, Rathenau convinced the government of the need for a War Raw Materials Department in the War Ministry. As its head from August 1914 to the spring of 1915, he ensured the conservation and distribution of raw materials essential to the war effort. He thus played a crucial part in Germany's efforts to maintain its economic production in the face of the tightening British naval blockade. He then returned to business and writing, but, when the collapse of the Western front became imminent in the autumn of 1918, he proposed a desperate levée en masse (“call to arms”) to turn defeat into victory.After the war, Rathenau helped found the middle-class German Democratic Party and advocated a policy of cooperation with the Social Democratic Party of Germany. Convinced that the days of unrestricted capitalism were over, he advocated in his Die neue Wirtschaft (1918; “The New Economy”) industrial self-government combined with employee participation and effective state control rather than the wholesale nationalization of industry by the state.Rathenau combined democratic convictions and a strong belief in international cooperation with economic experience and a knowledge of foreign countries. He entered the government of Karl Joseph Wirth (Wirth, Joseph) in May 1921 as minister of reconstruction, and in that post he initially advocated a policy of fulfillment of Germany's obligations under the Treaty of Versailles as part of a general European reconstruction scheme. On January 31, 1922, he became foreign minister. Although Western-oriented, on April 16, 1922, he negotiated with the Soviet Union the Treaty of Rapallo, which reestablished normal relations and strengthened economic ties between the two countries that had been outcasts from the concert of European powers. This affronted the Western Allies, since it marked the first time since the war's end that Germany had asserted its position as an independent agent in international affairs.Despite this diplomatic success, which was hailed by many Germans, Rathenau was increasingly reviled at home. To the extreme right he represented the whole German postwar system, which they hated, and he was also, as author of the Treaty of Rapallo, the promoter of “creeping communism.” The extreme nationalists' hatred of him was intensified by his being Jewish. Rathenau was assassinated on the way to his office by right-wing fanatics. His collected works were published in 1918.
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RATHENAU, WALTHER — (1867–1922), German statesman, writer, and industrialist; son of emil rathenau and his wife, Mathilde. Walther Rathenau s father became the founder of the Allgemeine Elektrizitäts Gesellschaft (AEG) in the 1880s. After his studies in physics,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Rathenau, Walther — (1867 1922) industrialist, social thinker, and Foreign Minister; his assassination* in June 1922 helped trigger the crises of the following eighteen months. He was born in Berlin* to Emil Rathenau, the Jewish founder of Germany s General… … Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik
Rathenau, Walther — (1867–1922) German industrialist, politician, writer, and statesman who served as the foreign minister of Germany during the Weimar Republic. Walther Rathenau was assassinated by an anti Semitic ultranationalist, but prior to his murder, he… … Historical dictionary of the Holocaust
Rathenau, Walther — (29 sep. 1867, Berlín, Prusia–24 jun. 1922, Berlín, Alemania). Industrial y estadista alemán. Desde 1915 encabezó el conglomerado AEG (Sociedad general de electricidad) creado por su padre, Emil Rathenau (n. 1838–m. 1915). En la primera guerra… … Enciclopedia Universal
Walther Rathenau — (* 29. September 1867 in Berlin; † 24. Juni 1922 in Berlin Grunewald) war ein deutscher Industrieller, Schriftsteller und liberaler Politiker (DDP). Er wurde als Reichsaußenminister Opfer eines politisch motivierten Attentats der Organisation… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Walther Rathenau — Mandats Ministre du Reich aux Affaires étrangères 1 … Wikipédia en Français
Walther Rathenau — Nombre … Wikipedia Español
RATHENAU (W.) — RATHENAU WALTHER (1867 1922) Homme d’affaires et homme d’État allemand. Séduisant par son ambiguïté, Walther Rathenau fut d’abord un magnat de l’industrie où il succéda à son père, fondateur du konzern Allgemeine Elektrizitäts Gesellschaft (A.E.G … Encyclopédie Universelle
Walther — Walther, Johann * * * (as used in expressions) Brauchitsch, (Heinrich Alfred) Walther von Nernst, Walther Hermann Rathenau, Walther Walther von der Vogelweide … Enciclopedia Universal
Rathenau-Institut — Das Walther Rathenau Institut, Stiftung für internationale Politik ist eine überparteiliche, gemeinnützige Stiftung mit Sitz in Berlin. Das Institut ist benannt nach Walther Rathenau, dem deutsch jüdischen Außenminister der Weimarer Republik.… … Deutsch Wikipedia