- orig. Alice Rosenbaum or Alissa Rosenbaumborn Feb. 2, 1905, St. Petersburg, Russiadied March 6, 1982, New York, N.Y., U.S.Russian-born U.S. writer.She immigrated to the U.S. in 1926 after graduating from the University of Petrograd and worked as a screenwriter in Hollywood. She won a cult following with two best-selling novels presenting her belief that all real achievement comes from individual ability and effort, that laissez-faire capitalism is most congenial to the exercise of talent, and that selfishness is a virtue, altruism a vice. In The Fountainhead (1943), a superior individual transcends traditionalism and conformism. The allegorical Atlas Shrugged (1957) combines science fiction with her political message. She expounded her philosophy, which she called objectivism, in nonfiction works and as editor of two journals and became an icon of radical libertarianism.
* * *▪ American authorborn Feb. 2, 1905, St. Petersburg, Russiadied March 6, 1982, New York, N.Y., U.S.Russian-born American writer who, in commercially successful novels, presented her philosophy of objectivism, essentially reversing the traditional Judeo-Christian ethic.Rand graduated from the University of Petrograd in 1924 and two years later immigrated to the United States. She initially worked as a screenwriter in Hollywood and in 1931 became a naturalized U.S. citizen. Her first novel, We, the Living, was published in 1936. The Fountainhead (1943), her first best-selling novel, depicts a highly romanticized architect-hero, a superior individual whose egoism and genius prevail over timid traditionalism and social conformism. The allegorical Atlas Shrugged (1957), another best-seller, combines science fiction and political message in telling of an anticollectivist strike called by the management of U.S. big industry, a company of attractive, self-made men.The political philosophy of objectivism shaped Rand's work. A deeply conservative philosophy, it posited individual effort and ability as the sole source of all genuine achievement, thereby elevating the pursuit of self-interest to the role of first principle and scorning such notions as altruism and sacrifice for the common good as liberal delusions and even vices. It further held laissez-faire capitalism is most congenial to the exercise of talent. Rand's philosophy underlay her fiction but found more direct expression in her nonfiction, including such works as For the New Intellectual (1961), The Virtue of Selfishness (1965), Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal (1966), Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology (1967), and Philosophy: Who Needs It? (1982). She also promoted her objectivist philosophy in the journals The Objectivist (1962–71) and The Ayn Rand Letter (1971–76).Rand's controversial views attracted a faithful audience of admirers and followers. She was working on an adaptation of Atlas Shrugged for a television miniseries when she died.Additional ReadingRand's correspondence is collected in Letters of Ayn Rand ed. by Michael S. Berliner (1995). Discussions of Rand's life and work include Barbara Branden, The Passion of Ayn Rand (1986); James T. Baker, Ayn Rand (1987); and Chris Matthew Sciabarra, Ayn Rand: The Russian Radical (1995).
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RAND, AYN — (Alissa Zinovievna Rosenbaum; 1905–1982), writer and philosopher. Born in St. Petersburg, Russia, she displayed a strong interest in literature and films from an early age. Her mother taught her French and subscribed to a magazine featuring… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Rand,Ayn — Rand (rănd), Ayn. 1905 1982. Russian born American writer primarily known for her polemical novels, such as The Fountainhead (1943), which espouse the doctrines of objectivism and political libertarianism. * * * … Universalium
Rand, Ayn — orig. Alice Rosenbaum o Alissa Rosenbaum (2 feb. 1905, San Petersburgo, Rusia–6 mar. 1982, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Escritora estadounidense de origen ruso. Tras graduarse de la Universidad de Petrogrado, emigró en 1926 a los EE.UU., donde… … Enciclopedia Universal
Ayn Rand — Nombre completo Alisa Zinov yevna Rosenbaum Nacimiento 2 de febrero de 1905 San Petersburgo … Wikipedia Español
RAND — steht für: Rand (Topologie), verallgemeinerter Begriff des Randes in der Topologie Kettenkomplex, weiter verallgemeinerter Begriff in der homologischen Algebra Südafrikanischer Rand, die Währung Südafrikas Rand (Band), britische Band RAND steht… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rand — /rand/, n. Ayn /uyn/, 1905 82, U.S. novelist and essayist, born in Russia. * * * (as used in expressions) Leopold Rand Aldo RAND Corp. Rand Ayn * * * ▪ South African currency monetary unit of South Africa. Each rand is divided into 100 cents.… … Universalium
Ayn Rand — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rand. Ayn Rand Portrait d Ayn Rand par l artiste Fioleda Prifti Nom de naissance Alissa Zinovievna Rosenbaum Naissance … Wikipédia en Français
Ayn Rand — Infobox Writer name = Ayn Rand imagesize = caption = Ayn Rand birthdate = birth date|mf=yes|1905|2|2| birthplace = Saint Petersburg, Russia deathdate = death date and age|mf=yes|1982|3|6|1905|2|2 deathplace = New York City, United States… … Wikipedia
rand — rand1 /rand/, n. 1. (in shoemaking) a strip of leather set in a shoe at the heel before the lifts are attached. 2. Brit. Dial. a. a strip or long slice. b. a border or margin. v.t. 3. to provide (footwear) with rands. [bef. 900; ME, OE; c. D, G … Universalium
Rand — ► sustantivo masculino ECONOMÍA Unidad monetaria de la República de Sudáfrica. * * * rand m. *Moneda de la República de Sudáfrica. * * * rand. (Acort. del afrikáans Witwatersrand, donde rand es límite ). m. Unidad monetaria de Sudáfrica. * * * El … Enciclopedia Universal