Raman, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata

born Nov. 7, 1888, Trichinopoly, India
died Nov. 21, 1970, Bangalore

Indian physicist influential in the growth of science in India.

He received a Nobel Prize in 1930 for discovering that when light passes through a transparent material, some of the light that emerges at a right angle to the original beam is of other frequencies (Raman frequencies) characteristic of the material. He contributed to the building up of nearly every Indian research institution in his time, founded a scholarly physics journal and an academy of sciences, and trained hundreds of students.

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▪ Indian physicist
born November 7, 1888, Trichinopoly, India
died November 21, 1970, Bangalore

      Indian physicist whose work was influential in the growth of science in India. He was the recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930 for the discovery that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the light that is deflected changes in wavelength. This phenomenon is now called Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect.

      After earning a master's degree in physics at Presidency College, University of Madras, in 1907, Raman became an accountant in the finance department of the Indian government. He became professor of physics at the University of Calcutta in 1917. Studying the scattering of light in various substances, in 1928 he found that when a transparent substance is illuminated by a beam of light of one frequency, a small portion of the light emerges at right angles to the original direction, and some of this light is of different frequencies than that of the incident light. These so-called Raman frequencies are equal to the infrared frequencies for the scattering material and are caused by the exchange of energy between the light and the material.

      Raman was knighted in 1929, and in 1933 he moved to the Indian Institute of Science, at Bangalore, as head of the department of physics. In 1947 he was named director of the Raman Research Institute there and in 1961 became a member of the Pontifical Academy of Science. He contributed to the building up of nearly every Indian research institution in his time, founded the Indian Journal of Physics and the Indian Academy of Sciences, and trained hundreds of students who found important posts in universities and government in India and Myanmar (Burma).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Raman, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata — (7 nov. 1888, Trichinopoly, India–21 nov. 1970, Bangalore). Físico indio, influyente en el crecimiento de la ciencia en su país. En 1930 recibió el Premio Nobel por descubrir que cuando luz de una cierta frecuencia atraviesa un material… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Raman,Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata — Ra·man (räʹmən), Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata. 1888 1970. Indian physicist. He won a 1930 Nobel Prize for his discovery of the Raman effect. * * * …   Universalium

  • Raman , Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata — (1888–1970) Indian physicist Raman was born at Trichinopoly (now Tiruchirappalli) in India and educated at the University of Madras. However, although he revealed considerable talent, he was unable to pursue his education overseas because of ill… …   Scientists

  • Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman — Chandrashekhara Venkata Râman Sir Chandrashekhara Venkata Râman (7 novembre 1888 21 novembre 1970) était un physicien indien. Il a découvert et expliqué la diffusion Raman. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Découverte de l effet Raman …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman — n. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1888 1970), Indian physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the Raman effect …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman — Sir C. V. Raman (Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman; * 7. November 1888 in Tiruchirappalli; † 21. November 1970 in Bangalore) war ein indischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Physiknobelpreis 1930: Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman —   Der indische Physiker erhielt den Nobelpreis für seine Arbeiten zur Lichtstreuung und für die Entdeckung des nach ihm benannten Effekts.    Biografie   Sir (seit 1929) Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, * Trichinopoly (heute Tiruchirapalli, Indien)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Raman — Sir Chandrasekhara V., Indian physicist and Nobel laureate, 1888–1970. See R. effect, R. spectrum. * * * Ra·man rä mən adj of, relating to, using, or caused by the Raman effect Raman Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata (1888 1970) Indian physicist. Raman… …   Medical dictionary

  • Raman — (sir Chandrasekhara Venkata) (1888 1970) physicien indien: travaux sur les cristaux et la diffusion de la lumière par les milieux transparents. P. Nobel 1930 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Raman effect — /rah meuhn/, Optics. the change in wavelength of light scattered while passing through a transparent medium, the collection of new wavelengths (Raman spectrum) being characteristic of the scattering medium and differing from the fluorescent… …   Universalium

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