Raimondi, Marcantonio

born с 1480, near Bologna
died с 1534, Bologna

Italian engraver.

He trained in Bologna under Francesco Francia, but his energetic lines and use of cross-hatching in modeling were influenced by Albrecht Dürer. After he moved to Rome с 1510, he specialized in reproducing works by other artists, particularly Raphael. He retained Raphael's idealized figures but provided his own background and landscapes. His engravings sold in large numbers and did much to spread High Renaissance style throughout Europe during his lifetime.

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▪ Italian engraver
born c. 1480, near Bologna, Italy
died c. 1534, Bologna

      Italian Renaissance master of engraving whose prints did much to disseminate the style of the High Renaissance throughout Europe.

      Raimondi received his training in the workshop of the famous goldsmith and painter Francesco Raibolini, called Francia. The stiff, irregular hatching, as well as the figures, draperies, and composition of such early engravings as “Pyramus and Thisbe” (1505) reveal the influence of Francia, but the landscape backgrounds and his use of light and shade indicate that he was familiar with the engravings of Lucas van Leyden. Raimondi also profited from studies of Dürer's energetic line and his use of crosshatching in modelling.

      In about 1510 Raimondi went to Rome. There his activity was almost entirely limited to reproducing works of Raphael, Michelangelo, and their followers. He was very successful financially and attracted a large number of pupils, of whom the two most distinguished were Marco Dente, known as Marco da Ravenna, and Agostino de Musi, known as Agostino Veneziano.

      Raimondi's best engravings, such as “Massacre of the Innocents,” were done during the first years after he had attached himself to Raphael. In these he retains Raphael's idealized figures, but, in the parts where he was left to himself (the rounding and shading, the background and landscape), he managed his burin with all the skill and freedom he had gained by the imitation of northern models, while dispensing with the northern emphasis on detail. Raimondi's engravings after the works of Raphael's later years were characterized by a colder, harsher use of light and shade and by less-disciplined design.

      Raimondi was disgraced when he was arrested for engraving a series of pornographic designs after Giulio Romano. He was finally ruined by having to pay a heavy ransom to the Spaniards who had taken Rome, after which he retired to obscurity in Bologna.

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Universalium. 2010.

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