Rackham, Arthur

born Sept. 19, 1867, London, Eng.
died Sept. 6, 1939, Limpsfield, Surrey

British artist and illustrator.

While a staff artist for a London newspaper, he also began illustrating books. He became skillful using the new halftone process, and his highly detailed drawings revealed a unique imagination. He achieved renown with a 1900 edition of Grimm's Fairy Tales, and his illustrations for Rip Van Winkle (1905) brought him recognition in America as well. Altogether he illustrated more than 60 books, including classics of children's literature as well as works by William Shakespeare, Charles Dickens, John Milton, Richard Wagner, and Edgar Allan Poe.

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▪ British artist
born Sept. 19, 1867, London, Eng.
died Sept. 6, 1939, Limpsfield, Surrey

      British artist best known for his illustrations for classic fiction and children's literature.

      Reared in London, Rackham enrolled in evening classes at the Lambeth School of Art in 1884 and spent seven years studying there while also working full-time in an insurance office. While a staff artist for a newspaper, the Westminster Budget (1892–96), he also began illustrating books. He became skillful using the new halftone process, and his drawings began to reveal a unique range of imagination. Rackham achieved renown with the publication of a 1900 edition of the Grimm brothers (Grimm, Brothers)' Fairy Tales featuring his illustrations. He illustrated a limited edition of Washington Irving (Irving, Washington)'s Rip Van Winkle (1905), which made him known in America as well. In 1908 Rackham was made a full member of the Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours.

      Inspired by the early 16th-century German artists Albrecht Dürer (Dürer, Albrecht) and Albrecht Altdorfer (Altdorfer, Albrecht), Rackham produced drawings that are distinctive for their angularity and high detail. His illustrations are also noted for their ability to communicate the spirit of each story. Altogether he illustrated more than 60 books, including works of William Shakespeare, James Barrie, Charles Dickens, Jonathan Swift, Izaak Walton, John Milton, and Edgar Allan Poe, as well as Mother Goose rhymes and several further collections of fairy tales.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Rackham, Arthur — ► (1867 1939) Acuarelista y dibujante británico. Autor de las ilustraciones para los cuentos de Grimm, Perrault y para el Peter Pan de Barrie. * * * (19 sep. 1867, Londres, Inglaterra–6 sep. 1939, Limpsfield, Surrey). Artista e ilustrador… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Arthur Rackham — (19 September 1867 ndash; 6 September 1939) was a prolific English book illustrator. LifeHe was born in London as one of 12 children. At the age of 18, he worked as a clerk at the Westminster Fire Office and began studying at the Lambeth School… …   Wikipedia

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  • RACKHAM (A.) — RACKHAM ARTHUR (1867 1939) Né à Lewisham, en Angleterre, Rackham suit les cours du soir de l’école d’art de Lambeth en gagnant sa vie dans le journalisme illustré qu’il abandonne dès que sa formation longue et ardue lui permet d’exprimer son… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arthur Rackham — [Arthur Rackham] (1867–1939) an English artist. He is famous for his highly detailed illustrations of children’s books, drawing a world of strange imaginary creatures for books such as Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm (1900) and ↑Peter Pan… …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Arthur — /ahr theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830 86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881 85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Port Arthur Adamov Arthur Arthur s …   Universalium

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