- (1774) British statute establishing Quebec's government and extending its borders.It provided for a governor and appointed council, religious freedom for Roman Catholics, and use of the French civil code. The act attempted to resolve the problem of making the colony a province of British North America and tried to build French-Canadian loyalty to the British. It also extended the borders of Quebec to include the land between the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, a region claimed by American colonists. It was considered one of the Intolerable Acts, which led to the American Revolution.
* * *▪ Great Britain (1774), act of the British Parliament that vested the government of Quebec in a governor and council and preserved the French Civil Code, the seigneurial system of land tenure, and the Roman Catholic Church. The act was an attempt to deal with major questions that had arisen during the attempt to make the French colony of Canada a province of the British Empire in North America. Among these were whether an assembly should be summoned, when nearly all the inhabitants of the province of Quebec, being Roman Catholics, would, because of the Test Acts (test act), be ineligible to be representatives; whether the practice of the Roman Catholic religion should be allowed to continue, and on what conditions; and whether French or English law was to be used in the courts of justice.The act, declaring it inexpedient to call an assembly, put the power to legislate in the hands of the governor and his council. The practice of the Roman Catholic religion was allowed, and the church was authorized to continue to collect the tithe. The Test Act was waived and an oath of allegiance substituted so as to allow Roman Catholics to hold office. French civil law continued, but the criminal law was to be English. Because of these provisions the act has been called a generous and statesmanlike attempt to deal with the peculiar conditions of the province.At the last moment additions were made to the bill by which the boundaries given the province by the Proclamation of 1763 were extended. This was done because no satisfactory means had been found to regulate native affairs and to govern the French settlers on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. It was decided, therefore, to put the territory between the Ohio and the Mississippi under the governor of Quebec, and the boundaries of Quebec were extended westward and southward to the junction of the Ohio and the Mississippi and northward to the height of land between the Great Lakes and Hudson Bay.This provision of the act, together with the recognition of the Roman Catholic religion, was seen to threaten the unity, security, and, not least, the territorial ambitions of British America. Many American colonists viewed the act as a measure of coercion. The act was thus a major cause of the American Revolution and helped provoke an invasion of Quebec by the armies of the revolting colonies in the winter of 1775–76. Its provisions, on the other hand, did little at the time to win French support of British rule in Quebec; and, except for the clergy and seigneurs, most of the French colonists remained neutral. The act eventually became important to French Canadians as the basis of their religious and legal rights.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Quebec Act — The Quebec Act of 1774 was an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain (citation 14 Geo. III c. 83) setting procedures of governance in the Province of Quebec. Principal components of the act:*Expansion of territory to take over part of the Indian… … Wikipedia
Quebec Act — Der Quebec Act (eigentlich An Act for making more effective Provision for the Government of the Province of Quebec in North America) von 1774, ein Beschluss des britischen Parlaments (14 Geo. III c. 83), sollte die Verhältnisse in den… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Quebec Act — Acte de Québec Constitution de la province de Québec suite à l entrée en vigueur de l acte constitutionnel de 1774 L Acte de Québec fut le second acte officiel constitutionnel du régime britannique après la Proclamation royale de 1763. Le vaste… … Wikipédia en Français
Quebec Act, 1774 — Provided that the boundaries of the province of Quebec in the west should extend from Lake Erie to the Ohio, along the Ohio to the Mississippi, and north to the territories of the Hudson s Bay Company; guaranteed the French Canadians in the… … The makers of Canada
Quebec nationalism — is a contemporary nationalist movement in Canada similar to what is found in other multi ethnic and multi lingual regions of the world. This article aims at presenting a historical overview of the evolution of Quebec nationalism from its origins… … Wikipedia
Québec — Quebec Wappen Flagge (Details) (Details) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Quebec French — Français québécois Spoken in Quebec (mainly), Ontario, Western Canada, New England Native speakers (mother tongue) 6 million in Quebec, 700,000 elsewhere in Canada[ … Wikipedia
Quebec Civil Code — (Canada) the code of law applying in civil matters in the Canadian province of Quebec. The British conquest of Nouvelle France in 1760 marked the beginning of the difficulty of running two different legal systems together. Even immediately after… … Law dictionary
Quebec — This article is about the Canadian province. For the province s capital city, see Quebec City. For other uses, see Quebec (disambiguation). Coordinates … Wikipedia
Quebec — /kwi bek , ki /, n. 1. a province in E Canada. 6,141,491; 594,860 sq. mi. (1,540,685 sq. km). 2. a seaport in and the capital of this province, on the St. Lawrence: capital of New France from 1663 to 1759, when it was taken by the English;… … Universalium