Pétain, (Henri-) Philippe

born April 24, 1856, Cauchy-à-la-Tour, France
died July 23, 1951, Île d'Yeu

French general.

He served in the French army from 1876 and later taught at the war college. His successful defense in the Battle of Verdun (1916) made him a national hero, and in 1918 he became commander in chief and a marshal of France. After the war he was appointed vice president of the Supreme War Council (1920–30) and minister of war (1934). After the German invasion of France (1940), Pétain was appointed premier at age 84. He concluded an armistice with Germany, and as head of Vichy France he attempted to obtain concessions by cooperating with the Germans. In 1942 the Germans forced him to accept Pierre Laval as premier and he withdrew to a nominal role as head of state. After the Allied invasion of France, he fled to Germany. In 1945 he was tried and condemned to death; the sentence was commuted to life in prison, where he died at age 95.

Philippe Pétain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pétain,Henri Philippe — Pé·tain (pā tăɴʹ), Henri Philippe. 1856 1951. French soldier and politician who led the pro German government of unoccupied Vichy France (1940 1944). * * * …   Universalium

  • Pétain, (Henri-) Philippe — (24 abr. 1856, Cauchy à la Tour, Francia–23 jul. 1951, île d Yeu). General francés. Sirvió en el ejército francés a partir de 1876 y más tarde enseñó en el colegio militar. Su airosa defensa en la batalla de Verdún (1916) lo convirtió en héroe… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pétain, Henri Philippe — ► (1856 1951) Mariscal y político francés. Al hundirse el frente francés, fue nombrado vicepresidente del gobierno Reynaud, a quien sucedió, e inmediatamente pidió el armisticio. La ocupación total del territorio francés por los alemanes… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pétain, Henri Philippe —  (1856–1951) French general and politician, head of the Vichy government (1940–1944) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Henri Philippe Pétain — Philippe Pétain Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (* 24. April 1856 in Cauchy à la Tour, Département Pas de Calais; † 23. Juli 1951 auf der Île d Yeu) wurde im Ersten Weltkrieg nach seinen Abwehrerfolgen im Jahre 1916 („Held von Verdun“)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain — Philippe Pétain « Pétain » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Pétain (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Philippe Pétain — Philippe Pétain « Pétain » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Pétain (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pétain, Marshal Henri Philippe Omer — 1856–1951    A remarkable and patriotic soldier, Pétain was much honored for his defense of Verdun in 1916. In 1939 he was appointed Ambassador to Spain but was recalled to Paris by REYNAUD in 1940 after the German invasion of France and… …   Who’s Who in World War Two

  • Henri Philippe Petain — n. (1856 1951) leader of France during World War II, Nazi collaborator who was tried and sentenced for treason in 1945 …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Pétain — Pétain, Henri Philippe …   Enciclopedia Universal

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