Pérez de Cuéllar, Javier

born Jan. 19, 1920, Lima, Peru

Fifth secretary-general of the United Nations (1982–91).

He joined the Peruvian foreign ministry in 1940 and its foreign service in 1944, serving in France, Britain, Bolivia, and Brazil. After serving as ambassador to Switzerland and as Peru's first ambassador to the Soviet Union, he was appointed the country's ambassador to the UN, a post he held until he was appointed secretary-general. As secretary-general he advocated the use of the United Nations Security Council for keeping the peace and as a forum for negotiation. In his second term, he negotiated the cease-fire that ended the Iran-Iraq War (1988). Pérez de Cuéllar later served as prime minister of Peru (2000–01).

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▪ Peruvian diplomat
born January 19, 1920, Lima, Peru
 
 Peruvian diplomat, who served as the fifth secretary-general of the United Nations (1982–91) and as prime minister of Peru (2000–01).

      After attending the Catholic University in Lima, Pérez de Cuéllar joined the foreign ministry in 1940 and the diplomatic service in 1944. After serving in embassies in France, the United Kingdom, Bolivia, and Brazil, he returned in 1961 to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, where he remained until 1969 (except for a two-year term, 1964–66, as ambassador to Switzerland). After serving as Peru's first ambassador to the Soviet Union (1969–71), he was made Peru's permanent representative to the UN, a post that he held until becoming secretary-general on January 1, 1982, succeeding Kurt Waldheim (Waldheim, Kurt) in that post.

      Pérez de Cuéllar repeatedly advocated the use of the UN Security Council for keeping the peace and serving as a forum for negotiations. He was reelected to another five-year term as secretary-general in 1986. In August 1988 Pérez de Cuéllar personally negotiated the cease-fire that ended active hostilities in the Iran-Iraq War.

      In 1995 Pérez de Cuéllar ran unsuccessfully against Alberto Fujimori (Fujimori, Alberto) for the Peruvian presidency. He later served as prime minister of Peru (2000–01), helping to restore democracy to the country. A skilled diplomat, Pérez de Cuéllar wrote Manual de derecho diplomático (1964; “Manual of Diplomatic Law”).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pérez de Cuéllar, Javier — ► (n. 1920) Diplomático peruano. Fue sucesor de K. Waldheim como secretario general de la ONU. En 1995 optó a la presidencia de Perú, pero fue derrotado por Alberto Fujimori. En 2000 fue nombrado primer ministro. * * * (n. 19 ene. 1920, Lima,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pérez de Cuéllar, Javier —  (1920–) Peruvian diplomat; secretary general of the United Nations (1982–92) …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Pérez de Cuéllar — Pérez de Cuéllar, Javier …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Javier Pérez de Cuéllar — 5.º secretario General de Naciones Unidas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Perez de Cuellar — Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Javier Pérez de Cuéllar (* 19. Januar 1920 in Lima, Peru) ist ein peruanischer Diplomat und Politiker. Er war von 1982 bis 1991 Generalsekretär der Vereinten Nationen. Er ist verheiratet und hat zwei Kinder …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Javier Pérez de Cuéllar — (* 19. Januar 1920 in Lima, Peru) ist ein peruanischer Diplomat und Politiker. Er war von 1982 bis 1991 Generalsekretär der Vereinten Nationen. Er ist verheiratet und hat zwei Kinder …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pérez de Cuellar — (Javier) (né en 1920) diplomate péruvien; secrétaire général de l ONU de 1982 à 1991 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Javier Perez de Cuellar — Javier Pérez de Cuéllar Pour les articles homonymes, voir Perez. Secrétaire général de l ONU …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Javier Pérez de Cuéllar — Guerra nació en Lima, Perú, el 19 de enero de 1920, fue el quinto Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas de enero de 1982 a diciembre de 1991. Es abogado y diplomático de carrera …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Javier Pérez de Cuéllar — (født 19. januar 1920) var de Forenede Nationers femte generalsekretær, fra januar 1982 til december 1991. I 1995 stillede han uden held op mod Alberto Fujimori som præsidentkandidat i Peru. Den tidligere advokat og karrierediplomat er nu gået på …   Danske encyklopædi

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