Pydna, Battle of
(June 22, 168 BC) Decisive confrontation in the Roman victory over Perseus and Macedonia in the Third Macedonian War.It took place on a plain near Pydna (present-day Kítros, Greece). The Roman general Lucius Paullus (b. с 229–d. 160 BC) adroitly outmaneuvered the Macedonians; their phalanx was penetrated by the Roman legions, whose short swords were more effective than the Macedonian pikes. When defeat was imminent, Perseus fled. The Romans ended the Macedonian monarchy and divided the country into four republics.
* * *▪ ancient Roman history(June 22, 168 BC), decisive military engagement in the Roman victory over Macedonia in the Third Macedonian War. The Roman general Lucius Aemilius Paullus, by means of adroit tactical maneuvering, enticed the Macedonian king Perseus from his impregnable position on the Elpeus (Mavrólongos) River to occupy a weaker position in the plain south of Pydna (now Kítros, Greece; the actual site was probably near Kateríni).During the battle the Macedonian phalanx, in a state of disorder after crossing broken ground, was penetrated by the Roman legionaries, whose short swords were more effective in close combat than were the Macedonian pikes. Perseus' left wing of Thracians and light troops was defeated by the Roman allies. Macedonian losses were great; Perseus fled, allowing the Romans to end the Macedonian monarchy and divide Macedonia into four republics.
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battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… … Universalium
Pydna — is also a rocket station of the American Army in Germany, see Pydna (rocket station) Infobox Greek Dimos name = Pydna name local = Πύδνα periph = Central Macedonia prefec = Pieria province = population = 4012 population as of = 2001 population… … Wikipedia
Pydna — [pid′nə] ancient city in Macedonia, near the Gulf of Salonika: scene of a battle (168 B.C. ) of the final Roman defeat of the Macedonians … English World dictionary
Battle of Pydna — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Pydna partof=the Third Macedonian War caption=Battle order at Pydna, June 22, 3 pm |date=22 June, 168 BC place=Near Pydna result=Decisive Roman victory combatant1=Macedon combatant2=Roman Republic… … Wikipedia
Battle of Pydna (148 BC) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Battle of Pydna (148 BC) partof=the Fourth Macedonian War caption= date=148 BC place=Near ancient Pydna casus= territory= result= Decisive Roman victory combatant1=Rome combatant2=Popular uprising… … Wikipedia
Battle of Pydna — noun a major victory by the Romans over the Macedonians in 168 BC; resulted in the downfall of the ancient Macedonian kingdom • Syn: ↑Pydna • Regions: ↑Macedon, ↑Macedonia, ↑Makedonija • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle … Useful english dictionary
Pydna — noun a major victory by the Romans over the Macedonians in 168 BC; resulted in the downfall of the ancient Macedonian kingdom • Syn: ↑Battle of Pydna • Regions: ↑Macedon, ↑Macedonia, ↑Makedonija • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle … Useful english dictionary
Battle of Zama — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Zama partof=the Second Punic War caption=The Battle of Zama by Cornelis Cort, 1567 date=October 19, 202 BC place=Zama, near Carthage casus= territory= result=Decisive Roman victory; Marks end of Second … Wikipedia
Battle of Cynoscephalae — For the earlier battle fought here, see Battle of Cynoscephalae (364 BC). Battle of Cynoscephalae Part of the Second Macedonian War … Wikipedia
pitched battle — noun a fierce battle fought in close combat between troops in predetermined positions at a chosen time and place • Hypernyms: ↑battle, ↑conflict, ↑fight, ↑engagement • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Agincourt, ↑Austerlitz, ↑ … Useful english dictionary