Pugwash Conferences

Series of international meetings of eminent scientists to discuss problems of nuclear weapons and world security. The first meeting was held in 1957 at the estate of Cyrus Eaton in Pugwash, Nova Scotia. The Pugwash organization was established to convene subsequent conferences to discuss arms control and disarmament; these were held in the Soviet Union, Britain, India, and the U.S., among other countries. The organization and its president and founding member, Joseph Rotblat

born 1908

, received the 1995 Nobel Prize for Peace.

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▪ international meeting of science
in full  Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs 

      series of international meetings of scientists to discuss problems of nuclear weapons (arms control) and world security. The first of the conferences met in July 1957 at the estate of the American philanthropist Cyrus Eaton (Eaton, Cyrus S.) in the village of Pugwash, Nova Scotia, in response to an appeal by Bertrand Russell, Albert Einstein, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, and other prominent scientific figures. Subsequent conferences were held in many countries, including the Soviet Union, Great Britain, Yugoslavia, India, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Sweden, and the United States.

      The chief concern of Pugwash was to bring together leading scholars from many countries to discuss ways of reducing armaments and tempering the arms race. During the Cold War it was one of the few lines of open communication between the United States and the Soviet Union. Another purpose was to examine the social responsibility of scientists toward such world problems as economic development, population growth, and environmental damage.

      The conferences are sponsored by the Pugwash organization, which consists of national Pugwash groups under the guidance of a president, a secretary-general, and an elected council based in London. During the years after its founding, the Pugwash organization issued a number of reports on problems of arms control and disarmament. Its spokesmen credited these reports with having helped to prepare the way for the major international treaties limiting the development and testing of nuclear weapons. In 1995 the Nobel Prize for Peace was awarded jointly to the Pugwash organization and to Joseph Rotblat (Rotblat, Sir Joseph)—Pugwash founding member, secretary-general (1957–73), and president (1988–97).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Pugwash conference — /pugˈwosh konˈf(ə )rəns/ noun Any of a series of conferences held at intervals by scientists from many countries to discuss the dangers and difficulties into which the world is running ORIGIN: Name of the village in Nova Scotia where the first… …   Useful english dictionary

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