Puccini, Giacomo (Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria)

born Dec. 22, 1858, Lucca, Tuscany
died Nov. 29, 1924, Brussels, Belg.

Italian composer.

Born into a family of organists and choirmasters, he was inspired to write operas after hearing Giuseppe Verdi's Aïda in 1876. At the Milan Conservatory he studied with Amilcare Ponchielli (1834–86). Puccini entered his first opera, Le villi (1883), in a competition; though it lost, a group of his friends subsidized its production, and its premiere took place with immense success. His second, Edgar (1889), was a failure, but Manon Lescaut (1893) brought him international recognition. His mature operas included La Bohème (1896), Tosca (1900), Madam Butterfly (1904), and The Girl of the Golden West (1910). All four are tragic love stories; his use of the orchestra was refined, and he established a dramatic structure that balanced action and conflict with moments of repose, contemplation, and lyricism. They remained exceedingly popular into the 21st century. He was the most popular opera composer in the world at the time of his death; his unfinished Turandot was completed by Franco Alfano (1875–1954).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Domenico — (as used in expressions) Domenico Zampieri Beccafumi Domenico Domenico di Giacomo di Pace Cassini Gian Domenico Cimarosa Domenico Domenico Veneziano Donizetti Domenico Gaetano Maria Ghirlandaio Domenico Domenico di Tommaso Bigordi Antonio… …   Universalium

  • Domenico — (as used in expressions) Beccafumi, Domenico Domenico di Giacomo di Pace Cassini, Gian Domenico Cimarosa, Domenico Domenico Zampieri Domenico Veneziano Donizetti, (Domenico) Gaetano (Maria) Ghirlandaio, Domenico Domenico di Tommaso Bigordi… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Antonio — (as used in expressions) Giovanni Antonio Canal Antonio Allegri Antonio di Pietro Averlino Cabezón Antonio de Canova Antonio Chávez y Ramírez Carlos Antonio de Padua da Sangallo the Younger Antonio Giamberti Antonio Gaudí y Cornet Gramsci Antonio …   Universalium

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