Princip, Gavrilo

born July 25, 1894, Obljaj, Bosnia
died April 28, 1918, Theresienstadt, Austria

Serbian nationalist and assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand.

A Bosnian Serb, he sought to unite the southern Slavic peoples and destroy Austro-Hungarian rule in the Balkans and was trained in terrorism by the Black Hand society. When the Austro-Hungarian archduke made an official visit to Sarajevo in June 1914, Princip shot him and his wife, Sophie. The assassinations precipitated World War I. Princip was sentenced to 20 years in prison, where he died after the amputation of his arm.

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▪ Slavic nationalist
born July 25 [July 13, Old Style], 1894, Obljaj, Bosnia
died April 28, 1918, Theresienstadt, Austria

      South Slav nationalist who assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his consort, Sophie, Duchess von Hohenberg (née Chotek), at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28, 1914. Princip's act gave Austria-Hungary the excuse that it had sought for opening hostilities against Serbia and thus precipitated World War I. In Yugoslavia—the South Slav state that he had envisioned—Princip came to be regarded as a national hero.

      Born into a Bosnian Serb peasant family, Princip was trained in terrorism by the Serbian secret society known as the Black Hand (true name Ujedinjenje ili Smrt, “Union or Death”). Wanting to destroy Austro-Hungarian rule in the Balkans and to unite the South Slav peoples into a federal nation, he believed that the first step must be the assassination of a member of the Habsburg imperial family or a high official of the government.

      Having learned that Francis Ferdinand, as inspector general of the imperial army, would pay an official visit to Sarajevo in June 1914, Princip, his associate Nedjelko Čabrinović, and four other revolutionaries awaited the archduke's procession on June 28. Čabrinović threw a bomb that bounced off the archduke's car and exploded beneath the next vehicle. A short time later, while driving to a hospital to visit an officer wounded by the bomb, Francis Ferdinand and Sophie were shot to death by Princip, who said he had aimed not at the duchess but at General Oskar Potiorek, military governor of Bosnia. Austria-Hungary held Serbia responsible and declared war July 28.

      After a trial in Sarajevo, Princip was sentenced (Oct. 28, 1914) to 20 years' imprisonment, the maximum penalty allowed for a person under the age of 20 on the day of his crime. Probably tubercular before his imprisonment, Princip underwent amputation of an arm because of tuberculosis of the bone and died in a hospital near his prison.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Princip, Gavrilo — (25 jul. 1894, Obljaj, Bosnia–28 abr. 1918, Theresienstadt, Austria). Nacionalista serbio y asesino del archiduque Francisco Fernando. Como serbio bosnio, buscaba unir a los pueblos eslavos del sur y destruir el dominio austrohúngaro en los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Gavrilo Princip — während der Haft in Theresienstadt Gavrilo (Gavre) Princip (kyrillisch Гаврило Принцип; * 13. Julijul./ 25. Juli 1894greg. in Obljaj bei Bosansko Grahovo, Bosnien; † 28 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Princip — Gavrilo Princip Gavrilo (Gavre) Princip (kyrillisch Гаврило Принцип; * 13. Juli/25. Juli 1894 in Obljaj bei Bosansko Grahovo, Bosnien; † 28. April 1918 in Theresienstadt) war ein bosnischer Serbe, dessen tödliches Attentat auf den …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Gavrilo Princip — (*Obljaj, Bosnia Herzegovina, 25 de julio de 1894 (o 1895) †28 de abril de 1918) fue un nacionalista serbio bosnio que asesinó al archiduque de Austria, Francisco Fernando y a su esposa la Condesa Sofía en Sarajevo el 28 de junio de 1914,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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