Powell, John Wesley
- born March 24, 1834, Mount Morris, N.Y., U.S.died Sept. 23, 1902, Haven, MaineU.S. geologist and ethnologist.Powell took many expeditions (1871–79) down the Colorado River, describing the earliest of these in Exploration of the Colorado River of the West and Its Tributaries (1875). He developed the first comprehensive classification of American Indian languages (1877) and was the first director of the Smithsonian Institution's Bureau of American Ethnology (1879–1902). In 1881 he became director of the U.S. Geological Survey, where he worked extensively on mapping water sources and advancing irrigation projects.
* * *▪ American geologistborn March 24, 1834, Mount Morris, N.Y., U.S.died Sept. 23, 1902, Haven, MaineAmerican geologist and ethnologist who published the first classification of American Indian languages and was the first director of the U.S. Bureau of Ethnology.After fighting in the American Civil War, Powell joined Illinois Wesleyan University as professor of geology. In 1867 he became a lecturer at Illinois Normal College (now Illinois State University at Normal) and began a series of expeditions to the Rocky Mountains and the canyons of the Green and Colorado rivers. From 1871 to 1879 he directed a federal geologic and geographic survey of western lands in the public domain and encouraged the government to initiate land-utilization projects. During this period he published three major works. In Exploration of the Colorado River of the West and Its Tributaries (1875; rev. ed., Canyons of Colorado, 1895), he originated and formalized a number of concepts that became part of the standard working vocabulary of geology. His Introduction to the Study of Indian Languages (1877) firmly established him as an anthropologist. It contained a linguistic classification of Indian languages and grouped words according to use and emotion. Powell's Report on the Lands of the Arid Region of the United States (1878; reprinted 1962) is regarded as a landmark in conservation literature.When the U.S. Bureau of Ethnology of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., was established in 1879, Powell became its first director and remained with it until his death. Continuing the study of Indian ethnology and languages, he published the first complete and still-authoritative classification and distribution map of 58 language stocks of the United States and Canada (1891). Powell also served as director of the U.S. Geological Survey (1881–92), working extensively on the mapping of water sources and advancing irrigation projects.Additional ReadingMarian T. Place, John Wesley Powell (1963); Wallace Stegner, Beyond the Hundredth Meridian: John Wesley Powell and the Second Opening of the West (1954, reprinted 1982).
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Powell,John Wesley — Powell, John Wesley. 1834 1902. American geologist and ethnologist who directed the U.S. Geological Survey (1881 1894) and classified many Native American languages. * * * … Universalium
Powell, John Wesley — (24 mar. 1834, Mount Morris, N.Y., EE.UU.–23 sep. 1902, Haven, Maine). Geólogo y etnólogo estadounidense. Powell llevó a cabo numerosas expediciones (1871–79) por el río Colorado, la primera de las cuales describió en Exploration of the Colorado… … Enciclopedia Universal
John Wesley Powell — en 1869. John Wesley Powell (Mount Morris, Nueva York 1834 † Haven, Maine 1902) fue un soldado, geólogo, botánico y explorador norteamericano, famoso por organizar la expedición de 1869 por los ríos Green (Utah) y Colorado, que fue la primera en… … Wikipedia Español
John Wesley Powell — For other people named John Wesley, see John Wesley (disambiguation). John Wesley Powell Powell as he appears at the National Portrait Gallery … Wikipedia
John Wesley Powell — Powell mit Tau gu, Paiute, 1871 1872 … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Wesley (disambiguation) — John Wesley may refer to: * John Wesley, British Christian theologian * John Wesley (artist), modern American painter * John Wesley (guitarist), American rock singer and guitarist * John Wesley Davis, American politician * John Wesley Dean III,… … Wikipedia
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John Wesley Powell — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Powell. Powell (à droite) avec Tau gu, à Paiute, 1871 1872 John Wesley Powell (né le 24 mars … Wikipédia en Français
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Wesley — Wesley, John * * * (as used in expressions) Bellows, George Wesley Dean, John Wesley, III Hamming, Richard Wesley Mitchell, Wesley C(lair) Powell, John Wesley Rickey, Branch (Wesley) Eugene Wesley Roddenberry Wesley, John … Enciclopedia Universal