Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr.
- born Nov. 29, 1908, New Haven, Conn., U.S.died April 4, 1972, Miami, Fla.U.S. politician.In 1937 he succeeded his father as pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, New York City, and built its membership to 13,000. Elected to the New York City Council in 1941, he became the first African American to serve on that body. In the U.S. House of Representatives (1945–67, 1969–71), he sponsored much social-welfare legislation, including a minimum wage act, antipoverty acts, and bills providing federal aid to education. Known for his flamboyance and his lack of concern for House decorum, he was the target of a libel suit and was investigated for financial misconduct. In 1967 the House voted to exclude him, but the U.S. Supreme Court later ruled that the House's action was unconstitutional.
* * *▪ American legislatorborn Nov. 29, 1908, New Haven, Conn., U.S.died April 4, 1972, Miami, Fla.black American public official and pastor who became a prominent liberal legislator and civil-rights leader.Powell was the son of the pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, New York City. Brought up in a middle-class home, he received his B.A. from Colgate University (Hamilton, N.Y.) in 1930 and his M.A. from Columbia University in 1932. He succeeded his father as pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church in 1937 and eventually built up its membership to 13,000 people. With the church as his power base, Powell was able to build a formidable public following in Harlem through his crusades for jobs and housing for the poor. He won election to the New York City Council in 1941, becoming the first black man to serve on that body. In 1945 he won election to the U.S. House of Representatives as a Democrat from Harlem. There he began a long fight against racial segregation. He served 11 successive terms in the House and became chairman of its Education and Labor Committee in 1960. In that capacity he played a leading role in the passage of a minimum wage act, antipoverty acts, and bills supporting manpower training and federal aid to education, about 50 major pieces of social legislation in all.Powell's outspoken opposition to racism and his flamboyant lifestyle made him enemies, however, and in the early 1960s he became involved in a lawsuit with a woman who claimed he had wrongly accused her of collecting police graft. He was cited for contempt of court in 1966 for refusing to pay damages, and in 1967 the House voted to deprive him of his seat. He was nevertheless reelected in his district in 1968 but was then deprived by his colleagues in the House of his committee chairmanship and his seniority. In 1969 the U.S. Supreme Court decided that the action of the House in depriving him of his seat had been unconstitutional, but by that time Powell's health was failing. After his defeat in the Democratic primary election of 1970, he resigned as pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church in 1971 and retired to the island of Bimini in The Bahamas.
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Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr. — (1908 1972) Born in New Haven, Connecticut, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. moved to New York City with his family in 1909. After briefly attending City College, he graduated from Colgate College in 1930 and completed a master’s degree in religious… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Powell, Adam Clayton,Jr. — Pow·ell (pouʹəl), Adam Clayton, Jr. 1908 1972. American politician. A U.S. representative from New York (1945 1967 and 1969 1971), he was an outspoken advocate of civil rights. * * * … Universalium
Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr. — (29 nov. 1908, New Haven, Conn., EE.UU.–4 abr., 1972, Miami, Fla.). Político estadounidense. En 1937 sucedió a su padre como pastor de la Iglesia bautista abisinia, en Harlem, Nueva York, y aumentó su feligresía a 13.000 personas. Elegido en 1941 … Enciclopedia Universal
Adam Clayton Powell IV (politician) — Adam Clayton Powell IV (born in 1962), son of Civil Rights leader and former congressman Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. is a member of the New York State Assembly. The controversial Assemblyman has been involved in various litigation s in which the… … Wikipedia
Adam Clayton Powell Jr. — Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Adam Clayton Powell Jr. (né le 20 novembre 1908 et mort le 4 avril 1972) était un homme politique américain, qui fut le premier afro américain à devenir un membre influent du Congrès. Il fut élu à la Chambre des… … Wikipédia en Français
Adam Clayton Powell — can refer to:*Adam Clayton Powell, Sr. (1865 ndash;1953), pastor *Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (1908 ndash;1972), politician and civil rights leader *Adam Clayton Powell III (born 1946), son of Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. and Hazel Scott *Adam Clayton… … Wikipedia
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Adam Clayton Powell III — (born July 17, 1946 to Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. and Hazel Scott) is Vice Provost for Globalization at the University of Southern California. Previously, he was Director of the [http://imsc.usc.edu/ Integrated Media Systems Center] , the National… … Wikipedia
Adam Clayton Powell IV (engineer) — Adam Clayton Powell IV (born 1970) is a materials engineer focusing on understanding the formation and evolution of materials microstructure during processing and service. He is best known for his work in electrochemistry [ cite journal last1 =… … Wikipedia
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. — Infobox Congressman name= Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. state= New York district= 18th term start=1945 term end=1971 preceded=Walter A. Lynch succeeded=Charles B. Rangel party=Democrat date of birth= November 29, 1908 place of birth= New Haven,… … Wikipedia