born Aug. 20, 1860, Bar-le-Duc, Francedied Oct. 15, 1934, ParisFrench politician.A lawyer, he served in the Chamber of Deputies (1887–1903) and the Senate (1903–12) and as minister of education (1893, 1895) and finance minister (1894, 1906). As prime minister and foreign minister (1912–13), he strengthened France's ties with Russia and Britain. As president of the Third Republic (1913–20), he vigorously supported national unity. As prime minister again in 1922–24 and 1926–29, he was credited with solving France's financial crisis by stabilizing the franc, enabling a period of new prosperity.
* * *▪ president of Franceborn August 20, 1860, Bar-le-Duc, Francedied October 15, 1934, ParisFrench statesman who as prime minister in 1912 largely determined the policy that led to France's involvement in World War I, during which he served as president of the Third Republic.The son of an engineer, he was educated at the École Polytechnique. After studying law at the University of Paris, he was admitted to the bar in 1882. Elected a deputy in 1887, he became six years later the youngest minister in the history of the Third Republic, holding the portfolio of education. In 1894 he served as minister of finance and in 1895 again as minister of education. In the Dreyfus Affair he declared that new evidence necessitated a retrial (see Alfred Dreyfus (Dreyfus, Alfred)).Despite the promise of a brilliant political career, Poincaré left the Chamber of Deputies in 1903, serving until 1912 in the Senate, which was considered comparatively unimportant politically. He devoted most of his time to his private law practice, serving in the cabinet only once, in March 1906, as minister of finance. In January 1912, however, he became prime minister, serving simultaneously as foreign minister until January 1913. In the face of new threats from Germany, he conducted diplomacy with new decisiveness and determination. In August 1912 he assured the Russian government that his government would stand by the Franco-Russian alliance, and in November he concluded an agreement with Britain committing both countries to consult in the event of an international crisis as well as on joint military plans. Although his support of Russian activities in the Balkans and his uncompromising attitude toward Germany have been cited as evidence of his being a warmongering revanchist, Poincaré believed that in the existing state of contemporary Europe war was inevitable and that only a strong alliance guaranteed security. His greatest fear was that France might be isolated as it had been in 1870, easy prey for a militarily superior Germany.Poincaré ran for the office of president; despite the opposition of the left, under Georges Clemenceau (Clemenceau, Georges), a lifelong enemy, he was elected on January 17, 1913. Although the presidency was a position with little real power, he hoped to infuse new vitality into it and make it the base of a union sacrée of right, left, and centre. Throughout World War I (1914–18) he strove to preserve national unity, even confiding the government to Clemenceau, the man best qualified to lead the country to victory.After his term as president ran out in 1920, Poincaré returned to the Senate and was for a time chairman of the reparations commission. He supported the thesis of Germany's war guilt implicit in the Versailles Treaty; and when he served again as prime minister and minister for foreign affairs (1922–24), he refused a delay in German reparation payments and in January 1923 ordered French troops into the Ruhr in reaction to the default. Unseated by a leftist bloc, he was returned as prime minister in July 1926 and is largely credited with having solved France's acute financial crisis by stabilizing the value of the franc and basing it on the gold standard. Under his highly successful economic policies the country enjoyed a period of new prosperity.Illness forced Poincaré to resign from office in July 1929. He spent the remainder of his life writing his memoirs, Au service de la France, 10 vol. (1926–33).
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Poincaré,Raymond — Poincaré, Raymond. 1860 1934. French politician who served as president (1913 1920) and premier (1912 1913, 1922 1923, and 1926 1929). * * * … Universalium
Poincaré, Raymond — (1860 1934) statesman Raymond Poincaré, the nationalistic statesman who served four terms as prime minister and was president of France from 1913 to 1920, was born in Bar le Duc and educated in Paris. He was the cousin of the mathematician… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Poincaré, Raymond — ► (1860 1934) Político francés. Fue jefe del Partido Republicano Progresista, presidente del Consejo en 1912 y de la República en 1913 20. * * * (20 ago. 1860, Bar le Duc, Francia–15 oct. 1934, París). Político francés. Abogado, integró la Cámara … Enciclopedia Universal
Raymond Poincare — Raymond Poincaré Raymond Poincaré 10e président de la République française … Wikipédia en Français
Raymond Poincare — Raymond Poincaré Raymond Poincaré (* 20. August 1860 in Bar le Duc; † 15. Oktober 1934 in Paris) war ein französischer Politiker. Er war mehrmals Ministerpräsident Frankreichs. Von 18. Februar 1913 bis 17. Februar 1920 war er der Präsident Frank … Deutsch Wikipedia
Poincare — Poincaré Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Henri Poincaré (1854 1912), mathématicien et philosophe français cousin de Raymond Poincaré. Lucien Poincaré (1862 1920), haut… … Wikipédia en Français
Raymond Poincaré — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Raymond Poincaré Raymond Poincaré (Bar le Duc, 20 de agosto de 1860 París, 15 de octubre de 1934). Político francés, Presidente de la República durante la … Wikipedia Español
Poincare — Poincaré ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Henri Poincaré (1854–1912), französischer Mathematiker, bekannt u.a. durch die Poincaré Vermutung; Raymond Poincaré (1860–1934), französischer Politiker. Poincaré bezeichnet außerdem: Poincaré… … Deutsch Wikipedia
POINCARÉ (R.) — POINCARÉ RAYMOND (1860 1934) Issu d’un milieu bourgeois et intellectuel, Raymond Poincaré est élu conseiller général, puis député du département de la Meuse en 1887. Au Parlement, il est très rapidement un des hommes dont l’autorité égale la… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Poincaré — Poincaré, Jules Henri Poincaré, Raymond … Enciclopedia Universal