Pisano, Andrea

or Andrea da Pontedera

born с 1270–90, Pontedera, near Pisa
died с 1348/49, Orvieto, Papal States

Italian sculptor and architect.

He created the earliest of three bronze doors for the Baptistery of the cathedral of Florence (1330–36). On Giotto's death in 1337, Andrea succeeded him as chief architect of the cathedral's bell tower, to which he added two stories adorned with panel reliefs. In 1347 he was appointed superintending architect of the cathedral of Orvieto. One of the most important Italian sculptors of the 14th century, he is known for his restrained style and skillful arrangement of figures.

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▪ Italian sculptor
also called  Andrea da Pontedera 
born c. 1270–90, Pontedera, near Pisa
died c. 1348–49, Orvieto, Papal States

      one of the most important Italian sculptors of the 14th century whose chief works were executed in Florence, where he came under the influence of Giotto. Andrea is recorded as the author of the earliest of three bronze doors for the baptistery of the cathedral of Florence, which, completed in 1336, has 20 quatrefoil panels with scenes from the life of St. John the Baptist and 8 with figures of the virtues. The figures are gilded and set against a smooth bronze surface.

      On the death of Giotto, in 1337, Andrea succeeded him as the chief architect in charge of the construction of the campanile (bell tower) of the cathedral of Florence, to which he added two stories adorned with panel reliefs. Most of the reliefs on the lower part, depicting the arts, sciences, and occupations of man and three scenes from Genesis, are generally attributed to Andrea and his studio. Statues in niches of the campanile (originally placed above the reliefs now in the cathedral museum), representing David and Solomon and two sibyls, have been attributed to Andrea, but this has been disputed. Two statuettes of Christ and Saint Reparata also in the cathedral's museum are generally considered his.

      The iconography of the baptistery door was indebted to the mosaics on the interior of the building and to Giotto's frescoes in Sta. Croce. The composition of the door was influenced by that of the bronze doors of the cathedral of Pisa. Andrea's style is marked by a simplicity, restraint, and skillful arrangement of figures that places him in the front rank of the sculptors of the period.

      He is last recorded as superintending architect of the cathedral of Orvieto, in which office his son Nino succeeded him.

Additional Reading
Anna Fiderer Moskowitz, The Sculpture of Andrea and Nino Pisano (1986).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pisano, Andrea — • An Italian sculptor and architect, b. 1270; d. 1349 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pisano, Andrea — (Andrea di Pontedera; c. 1290 1348)    Italian sculptor and architect from Pontedera on Pisan territory. Andrea, who is unrelated to Nicola and Giovanni Pisano, was the son of a notary named Ser Ugolino Nini. Nothing is known of his training or… …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Pisano, Andrea — o Andrea da Pontedera ( 1270–90, Pontedera, cerca de Pisa– 1348/49, Orvieto, Estados Pontificios). Escultor y arquitecto italiano. Creó las primeras tres puertas de bronce del baptisterio de la catedral de Florencia (1330–36). A la muerte de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pisano,Andrea — Pi·sa·no (pē zäʹnō), Andrea. 1270? 1348. Italian sculptor. His best known work is the depiction of the life of John the Baptist on the bronze doors of the Baptistery in Florence. * * * …   Universalium

  • Andrea Pisano — • An Italian sculptor and architect, b. 1270; d. 1349 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Andrea Pisano     Andrea Pisano     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Andrea Pisano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Creación de Adán para el Campanile Museo dell Opera del Duomo (Florencia) Andrea da Pontedera o Pontadera(Pontedera, ? 1290 Orvieto, 1348 o 1349), llamado Andrea Pisano, es un orfebre, un arquitecto y un… …   Wikipedia Español

  • ANDREA PISANO — (1290 env. 1348) Malgré sa célébrité, Andrea de Pontedera plus connu sous le nom d’Andrea Pisano, bien qu’il n’ait aucun lien de famille avec Nicola et Giovanni Pisano reste un artiste assez énigmatique. Sculpteur, architecte, ingénieur militaire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pisano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pisano puede referirse a: Lo relativo a la ciudad italiana de Pisa La familia de escultores del gótico italiano: Nicola Pisano Andrea Pisano Giovanni Pisano Otros personajes: Giunta Pisano Bernardo Pisano Nino Pisano …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pisano — pisano, a (del lat. «Pisānus») adj. y, aplicado a personas, también n. De Pisa, ciudad de Italia. * * * pisano, na. (Del lat. Pisānus). adj. Natural de Pisa. U. t. c. s. || 2. Perteneciente o relativo a esta ciudad de Italia. * * * Pisano,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pisano — (Andrea da Pontedera, dit) (v. 1295 v. 1349) sculpteur et architecte italien. à Florence, il réalisa la première porte du baptistère (1330 1336), puis, succédant à Giotto, il exécuta le campanile (1337 1343). Pisano (Nicola). V. Nicola Pisano …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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