Pinero, Sir Arthur Wing

born May 24, 1855, London, Eng.
died Nov. 23, 1934, London

British playwright.

He entered the theatrical world as an actor with Henry Irving's theatre company. His first play, £200 a Year, was produced in 1877. He wrote a series of successful farces such as The Magistrate (1885) before turning to dramas of social issues. The Second Mrs. Tanqueray (1893), the first of his plays depicting women confronting their situation in society, established his reputation, and he followed it with works such as The Notorious Mrs. Ebbsmith (1895) and Trelawny of the "Wells" (1898), becoming the most successful playwright of his time.

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▪ British dramatist
born May 24, 1855, London
died Nov. 23, 1934, London
 a leading playwright of the late Victorian and Edwardian eras in England who made an important contribution toward creating a self-respecting theatre by helping to found a “social” drama that drew a fashionable audience. It is his farces—literate, superbly constructed, with a precise, clockwork inevitability of plot and a brilliant use of coincidence—that have proved to be of lasting value.

      Born into an English family descended from Portuguese Jews, Pinero abandoned legal studies at age 19 to become an actor; and, though still a young man, he played older character parts for the leading theatre company headed by Henry Irving (Irving, Sir Henry). His first play, £200 a Year, was produced in 1877. His best farces, such as The Magistrate (1885), The Schoolmistress (1886), and Dandy Dick (1887), were written for the Royal Court Theatre in London. They combine wildly improbable events with likable characters and a consistently amusing style. Pinero was at the same time studying serious drama by adapting plays from the French (including The Iron Master, 1884, and Mayfair, 1885) and also mining a profitable vein of sentiment of his own, as in The Squire (1881) and Sweet Lavender (1888). Seriousness and sentiment fused in The Profligate (1889) and—most sensationally—in The Second Mrs. Tanqueray (1893), which established Pinero as an important playwright. This was the first of several plays depicting women battling with their situation in society. These plays not only created good parts for actresses but also demanded sympathy for women, who were judged by stricter standards than men in Victorian society. In a less serious vein, Trelawny of the “Wells” (written for the Royal Court Theatre and produced in 1898) portrayed theatrical company life in the old style of the 1860s—already then a vanishing tradition—and The Gay Lord Quex (1899) was about a theatrical rake of no placeable period but having great panache. Pinero was knighted in 1909.

Additional Reading
John Dawick, Pinero: A Theatrical Life (1993); Penny Griffin, Arthur Wing Pinero and Henry Arthur Jones (1991).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pinero, Sir Arthur Wing — (24 may. 1855, Londres, Inglaterra–23 nov. 1934, Londres). Dramaturgo británico. Ingresó al mundo teatral como actor de la compañía de Henry Irving. Su primera obra, £200 Pounds a Year, fue producida en 1877. Escribió una serie de farsas exitosas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pinero, Sir Arthur Wing —  (1855–1934) English comedic playwright …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Pinero, Sir Arthur Wing — (b. 1855)    Dramatist. The Magistrate, Sweet Lavender, The Profligate, The Weaker Sex, Lady Bountiful, The Second Mrs. Tanqueray, The Notorious Mrs. Ebbsmith, The Benefit of the Doubt, The Princess and the Butterfly, The Gay Lord Quex, His House …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Arthur Wing Pinero — Sir Arthur Wing Pinero (* 24. Mai 1855 in London; † 23. November 1934 ebenda) war ein britischer Dramatiker. Pinero folgt zunächst seinem portugiesisch stämmigen Vater John Daniel Pinero, einem jüdischen Anwalt, und beginnt ein Jurastudium.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur Wing Pinero — Sir Arthur Wing Pinero (24 May 1855 23 November 1934) was an English dramatist. Born in London, the son of a Sephardic Jewish solicitor (John Daniel Pinero), Arthur Wing Pinero studied law at Birkbeck Literary and Scientific Institution before… …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Wing Pinero — Activités Dramaturge, Metteur en scène Naissance 1855 Angleterre Décès 1934 Langue d écriture …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PINERO, ARTHUR WING —    dramatic author, born in London; bred to law, took to the stage and the writing of plays, of which he has produced a goodly number; collaborated with Sir Arthur Sullivan and Mr. Comyns Carr in a romantic musical drama entitled The Beauty Stone …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sullivan, Sir Arthur — ▪ British composer born May 13, 1842, London died Nov. 22, 1900, London  composer who, with W.S. Gilbert, established the distinctive English form of the operetta. Gilbert s satire and verbal ingenuity were matched so well by Sullivan s unfailing …   Universalium

  • Arthur — /ahr theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830 86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881 85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Port Arthur Adamov Arthur Arthur s …   Universalium

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

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