Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth

born Feb. 25, 1746, Charleston, S.C.
died Aug. 16, 1825, Charleston, S.C., U.S.

U.S. soldier, statesman, and diplomat.

A cousin of Charles Pinckney and the brother of Thomas Pinckney, he was an aide to George Washington in the American Revolution, commanded at Savannah, Ga., and was promoted to brigadier general in 1783. He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. Appointed minister to France (1796), he was involved in negotiations that ended in the XYZ Affair; when one of the group of French negotiators suggested that the U.S. representatives offer a gift in order to gain a peace treaty, Pinckney is said to have replied, "No! No! Not a sixpence!" He was the unsuccessful Federalist candidate for vice president in 1800 and for president in 1804 and 1808.

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▪ American statesman
born Feb. 25, 1746, Charleston, S.C. [U.S.]
died Aug. 16, 1825, Charleston
 American soldier, statesman, and diplomat who participated in the XYZ Affair, an unsavory diplomatic incident with France in 1798.

      Pinckney entered public service in 1769 as a member of the South Carolina Assembly. He served in the first South Carolina Provincial Congress (1775) and later in both houses of the South Carolina legislature. During the American Revolution he was an aide to General George Washington at Brandywine and Germantown, Pa. (both 1777), and later commanded a regiment at Savannah, Ga.; he was promoted to brigadier general in 1783. He took part in the Constitutional Convention of 1787, along with his cousin Charles Pinckney.

 Pinckney was appointed minister to France (1796) but was refused recognition by the French Directory and left Paris for Amsterdam. He returned to Paris the following year as a member of a commission that included John Marshall and Elbridge Gerry. When one of the group of French negotiators (later referred to in the correspondence as “X,Y, and Z”) suggested that the U.S. representatives offer a gift, Pinckney is said to have replied, “No! No! Not a sixpence!” No treaty was negotiated, and an undeclared war with France ensued. Upon his return home Pinckney was made a major general. An unsuccessful Federalist candidate for vice president in 1800 and for president in 1804 and 1808, Pinckney spent his later years in law practice.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pinckney,Charles Cotesworth — Pinck·ney (pĭngkʹnē), Charles Cotesworth. 1746 1825. American diplomat. As a minister to France (1797) he refused to offer a bribe to French negotiators, causing the conflict known as the XYZ Affair. His cousin Charles Pinckney (1757 1824) made… …   Universalium

  • Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth — (25 feb. 1746, Charleston, S.C., EE.UU.–16 ago. 1825, Charleston, S.C.). Militar, estadista y diplomático estadounidense. Primo de Charles Pinckney y hermano de Thomas Pinckney, fue ayudante de George Washington en la guerra de independencia de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles Cotesworth Pinckney — (* 5. Februar 1746 in Charleston, South Carolina; † 16. August 1825 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Der Jurist arbeitete entscheidend an der Verfassung des Staates South Carolina mit und kandidierte als Vertreter der Föderalistischen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Cotesworth Pinckney — For other people of the same name, see Charles Pinckney (disambiguation). Charles Cotesworth Pinckney United States Minister to France In office 1796–1797 President …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Cotesworth Pinckney — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Charles Pinckney. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney Charles Cotesworth « C. C. » Pinckney, né le 25 février 1746 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pinckney, Charles — born Oct. 26, 1757, Charleston, S.C. died Oct. 29, 1824, Charleston, S.C., U.S. U.S. statesman. A cousin of Charles C. Pinckney and Thomas Pinckney, he fought in the American Revolution. From 1784 to 1787 he served in the Continental Congress,… …   Universalium

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