Pinchot, Gifford

born Aug. 11, 1865, Simsbury, Conn., U.S.
died Oct. 4, 1946, New York, N.Y.

U.S. forestry and conservation pioneer.

He graduated from Yale University and studied forestry in Europe. In 1892 he became the first professional U.S. forester. In 1896 he joined the national forest commission of the National Academy of Sciences and helped plan the U.S. system of forest reserves (later national forests). As chief of the U.S. Forest Service (1898–1910), he established the nation's forest-service system. He founded the Yale School of Forestry and taught there from 1903 to 1936. He served as governor of Pennsylvania from 1923 to 1927 and from 1931 to 1935.

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▪ American conservationist
born Aug. 11, 1865, Simsbury, Conn., U.S.
died Oct. 4, 1946, New York, N.Y.

      pioneer of U.S. forestry and conservation and public official.

      Pinchot graduated from Yale in 1889 and studied at the National Forestry School in Nancy, France, and in Switzerland, Germany, and Austria. Upon his return home in 1892, he began the first systematic forestry work in the United States at Biltmore, the estate of George W. Vanderbilt, in North Carolina. In 1896 he was made a member of the National Forest Commission of the National Academy of Sciences, which worked out the plan of U.S. forest reserves, and in 1897 he became confidential forest agent to the Secretary of the Interior. In 1898 he was appointed chief of the Division, later Bureau, of Forestry and then the Forest Service (created 1905) in the Department of Agriculture, which office he held under Presidents William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, and William Howard Taft, until 1910. During his administration the entire forest-service system and administrative machinery were built up, and Pinchot's enthusiasm and promotional work did much for the conservation movement in general. He also served as a member of the Public Lands Commission, which he initiated in 1903, and the Inland Waterways Commission (1908). In 1908 he became chairman of the National Conservation Commission. He founded the Yale School (Yale University) of Forestry at New Haven, Conn., as well as the Yale Summer School of Forestry at Milford, Pa., and in 1903 became professor of forestry at Yale. In 1920 he was appointed state forester of Pennsylvania and began a systematic administration of the forest areas of that state.

      With Theodore Roosevelt, Pinchot helped to found the Bull Moose Party in 1912. From 1923 to 1927 and from 1931 to 1935 he was governor of Pennsylvania. In his first term he forced a reorganization of the state government and the establishment of a budget system. He settled a coal strike by arbitration in 1923.

      Pinchot's autobiography, Breaking New Ground, was published posthumously in 1947.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pinchot,Gifford — Pin·chot (pĭnʹshō ), Gifford. 1865 1946. American conservationist and politician who served as chief of the U.S. Forest Service (1898 1910) and later helped found the Progressive Party (1912). * * * …   Universalium

  • Pinchot, Gifford — (11 ago. 1865, Simsbury, Conn., EE.UU.–4 oct. 1946, Nueva York, N.Y.). Pionero forestal y conservacionista estadounidense. Egresó de la Universidad de Yale y estudió silvicultura en Europa. En 1892 fue el primer técnico forestal profesional de EE …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gifford Pinchot — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gifford Pinchot — (1909) Gifford Pinchot (* 11. August 1865 in Simsbury, Hartford County, Connecticut; † 4. Oktober 1946 in New York City) war ein bedeutender US amerikanischer Forstwissenschaftler, Politiker der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Gifford Pinchot — Infobox Governor name= Gifford Pinchot caption= Gifford Pinchot, 1909, by Pirie MacDonald. At the time of this photo he was the first Chief of the United States Forest Service. order = 29th order2 = 31st office= Governor of Pennsylvania office2 …   Wikipedia

  • Pinchot — ist der Name folgender Personen: Bronson Pinchot (* 1959), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Gifford Pinchot (1865–1946), erster Chef des United States Forest Service (1905–1910), Mitglied der US amerikanischen Republikanischen Partei und Gouverneur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gifford Pinchot State Park — Geobox Protected Area name = Gifford Pinchot State Park native name = other name = other name1 = category local = Pennsylvania State Park category iucn = III image caption = The picnic area in Gifford Pinchot State Park etymology type = Named for …   Wikipedia

  • Gifford Pinchot National Forest — Infobox protected area | name = Gifford Pinchot National Forest iucn category = VI caption = locator x = 26 locator y = 21 location = Washington, USA nearest city = Amboy, WA lat degrees = 46 lat minutes =45 lat seconds = 29 lat direction = N… …   Wikipedia

  • Gifford Pinchot National Forest — Forêt nationale de Gifford Pinchot Forêt nationale Gifford Pinchot Catégorie VI de la CMAP (Zone de gestion de ressources protégées) …   Wikipédia en Français

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